CENSUS OF 1871,

CONSISTING OF

REPORT, SUMMARY TABLES, AND APPENDIX,

AND

DETAILED TABLES, VIZ:—

PART 1.—AGES.

PART 2.—RELIGION

PART 3.—NATIONALITY.

PART 4.—EDUCATION.

PART 5.—SOCIAL CONDITION.

PART 6.—OCCUPATIONS.

SYDNEY : THOMAS RICHARDS, GOVERNMENT PRINTER.

1873.

REPORT.

THE REGISTRAR GENERAL

TO

THE HONORABLE THE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

Transmitting certain additional Returns relating to the Census of 1871, and reporting upon the results obtained.

Sydney, 1 April, 1873.

SIR,

1

I do myself the honor to forward to you the following explanatory remarks upon the statistical results of the Census of 1871.

2

The Census of New South Wales, of 1871, was taken under powers given by Act of Parliament, 33 Victoria, No. 12 (Appendix A), which provided for obtaining the necessary information referring to the population, and also certain Agricultural and Pastoral Statistics ; to these, however, no reference will be made in this Report, as they have been dealt with separately in the Statistical Register for the year 1871. [Preliminary remarks.]

The rule followed in 1861, of fixing a date upon which the Census of the whole of the British Empire might be taken simultaneously, having been adhered to on this occasion, the 2nd April was the day named by the Home Government, and adopted, with two exceptions, by the Australian Colonies, the night between Sunday and Monday being selected as a time when people are generally to be found at home.

The difference in the density of population of Great Britain and New South Wales, and the large area of ground which had to be traversed here to obtain comparatively scanty information, precluded the possibility of following the example of the Registrar General for England in having the whole of the Schedules distributed and collected on the one day. It became necessary, therefore, to divide the Colony in such a manner as would enable the work to be completed in the shortest possible period, in accordance with the 6th clause of the Act, which stated that the Schedules should be delivered at every dwelling throughout the Colony in the Course of the week ending on Saturday, the 1st day of April, and collected on the Monday following or as shortly after that day as possible.

3

The Colony was divided into ninety-one districts, corresponding with the Registration Districts already established, the boundaries of some of which were altered for the convenience of the work, so as to give to each district—with the exception of a few—a maximum population of 10,000, this being considered as much as one person could superintend. [Preparatory work.]

4

To every one of these districts an Enumerator was appointed to supervise the work, to whom instructions were issued, and who was held responsible for the proper performance of the duties entrusted to those under him,—the City of Sydney forming a separate Census District, over which I was appointed Enumerator. [Appointment of Enumerators.]

The Enumerators were mostly Clerks of Petty Sessions or District Registrars, in some cases gentlemen unconnected with the Government Service, who were appointed on the recommendation of the local Bench of Magistrates.

5

Maps of the various districts having been prepared, showing as clearly as possible the natural boundaries, such as mountains, rivers, creeks, &c., and the divisions required,—these, with a description of the proclaimed boundaries, were forwarded to the Enumerators, who were instructed to state, after careful consideration, how many collectors they thought it would be necessary for them to employ, specifying what portion of their district they proposed to allot to each collector. [Appointment of collectors.]

Ultimately 629 collectors were appointed for the whole Colony, including 46 for Sydney. Of this number, 504 were employed on horseback, 99 on foot, 16 partly on horseback and partly on foot, and 10 in boats, for the collection of the information relating to those who were at the time on board ships, boats, barges, &c., in any of the ports, harbours, or other waters of the Colony.

6

At the previous Census the information obtained about the Chinese population was limited almost entirely to their gross number. In order to arrive at better results on this occasion, a larger number of interpreters were appointed to accompany the collectors who had to visit localities where Chinese were congregated. Thus, while in 1861, when the Chinese element numbered nearly 13,000, only 5 interpreters were engaged; in 1871, when their number had decreased to 7,220, 21 interpreters assisted in gathering the information. The result has been very satisfactory, as will be seen by the large decrease of numbers in the column devoted to " Unspecified " throughout the compiled tables, if compared with the Census Returns of 1861. [Chinese interpreters.]

7

It was anticipated that in the outlying districts, where the population is so scattered, some difficulty would be experienced in arriving at a correct estimate of the number of those away from home or without fixed abode on the night of the 2nd April. In order to meet the difficulty as far as possible, the Enumerators were authorized to appoint additional collectors, whose duties would be to obtain information from travelers on the roads, or in the bush, whenever practicable. The number of additional schedules thus filled in was not without importance. [Travellers on the road, &c.]

8

The allowance to be paid to Enumerators was fixed at from £15 to £25 ; but taking into account the additional duties devolving upon them through their having to supervise and summarize the Agricultural and Live Stock Returns, only three of them received the minimum rate, the others being allowed £20 or £25, according to the importance of the district. [Allowance to Enumerators and collectors.]

The collectors were paid at the rate of 10s. per diem on foot, 15s. and 20s. on horseback or in boats. Where Government officials were employed as collectors, these rates were in some cases reduced by the amount of their daily allowance. The Chinese interpreters were remunerated on the same scale as the collectors.

9

All instructions to the collectors were issued by the Enumerators, who also supplied them with a written description and a tracing of the district through which they had to travel. [Instructions issued.]

To the Benches of Magistrates and to other authorities throughout the Colony, a circular was forwarded, soliciting their advice and assistance if needed to those employed in the work, and the Inspector General of Police instructed the officers in his department to afford every assistance in their power. It may be here stated that the importance of the undertaking seemed to be fully appreciated by all classes of the people, and that, except in a few trifling cases, the greatest anxiety was shown by all to give full and correct particulars, the collectors being everywhere received with kindness and hospitality, more especially in the scattered Pastoral Districts, where they sometimes had to travel between 40 and 50 miles a day.

10

There were two forms used for the purpose of obtaining the information required—the Householder's return (Appendix B) and the Ship return (Appendix C), the latter differing but slightly from the former, and intended for occupiers of ships, barges, &c. [Forms used for distribution.]

About 185,000 of these schedules were sent to the Enumerators, in accordance with their estimate of the number required, nearly 100,000 of which were actually filled in and returned to this office.

11

The information sought to be obtained from every head of a family consisted in the name and surname of the members of his household, their relation to him, their sex, age, social condition, rank, profession or occupation, the religion they followed, their degree of primary education, and also a description of the dwelling. [Information required.]

The word " Household " or dwelling was taken to include all buildings, tenements, or other erections, of which the whole or any part was used for the purpose of human habitation ; each of these, without reference to the number of inmates, being returned as one household ; and the term " Householder " was taken to mean the head of the family, or if absent, hislocum linens, wife, son, &c. In the case of pastoral or other large establishments, theOccupier, whether proprietor, lessee, or superintendent, was considered as the Householder, and required to fill in the schedule accordingly. The number of schedules collected, however, did not represent the actual number of families residing in the Colony, there being a great many separate returns for miners, &c. sole occupants of huts or tents, whose families, residing in other parts of the Colony, were also separately returned.

12

The schedules having been collected and delivered to the Enumerators, and verified and carefully endorsed by them, were returned to this office as soon as possible after the 2nd of April, accompanied by a summary of the population of the district, according to a form provided for the purpose ; and from this a preliminary return was prepared and submitted to Parliament with the least possible delay. Owing, however, to the difficulty of obtaining the returns from the outlying districts, in consequence of floods which at the time prevailed in different parts of the country, it was not until the end of May that all the papers were received. [Schedules returned to this office.]

13

In the meantime advertisements were inserted in the principal newspapers, requesting those persons at whose houses schedules had been delivered but not collected, to forward them to this office, and those who might have been entirely passed over by the collectors, to advise me of the fact. Through this medium a few additional returns were received, and some omissions supplied ; but the complaints of neglect which were inquired into were generally found to be groundless. [Steps taken to collect additional information.]

14

The careful manner in which the duties were performed, in the first instance, by those employed in the collection, and subsequently by the staff engaged in tabulating and compiling the returns, justify me in testifying to their general correctness. The numbers of the people, allowance being made for a few travelers or bushmen who may have escaped notice, form an exact return of our population, and all the details of figures which this volume embraces may, I think, be relied upon as correct. [Correctness of the returns.]

15

After receipt of the returns at the head office, they were handed over to the tabulators, to whom was entrusted the work of extracting from the schedules, and of condensing into forms prepared for the purpose, the particulars contained under the several headings. Their labours lasted from the 15th June to the 15th November, their remuneration being at the rate of 6s. per hundred entries made, and 4s. per hundred revised. [Tabulation and compilation.]

It was not until the middle of November that the compilation proper was commenced.

16

The divisions of the Colony under which the information is grouped are the following :— [Divisions of the Colony.]

  1. 1st.—The Registry or Census Districts.

  2. 2nd.—The Police Districts.

  3. 3rd.—The Electoral Districts.

  4. 4th.—The Counties and Pastoral Districts.

  5. 5th.—The Towns and Villages.

  6. 6th.—The Municipalities.

Of these, the three principal groups are the Registry Districts, the Electoral Districts, and the Counties and Pastoral Districts, for each of which, at the risk of repetition, the most minute details are given.

The Police Districts, the boundaries of which coincide with those of the Registry Districts, are represented by summaries only.

The Towns and Villages comprise a list of townships containing a population of one hundred persons or over, whether their boundaries have been officially defined or not.

17

The information extracted from the Schedules is divided into six Parts, namely :— [Division of the compiled tables.]

  1. Ages.

  2. Nationality.

  3. Religion.

  4. Education.

  5. Social condition.

  6. Occupations.

For every one of these each of the divisions of the Colony above enumerated forms a separate series. As already stated, this classification has necessarily occasioned many repetitions ; but to those who may have to consult the tables it will obviate the inconvenience of reference from one part to the other.

Each series of the several Parts is preceded by a summary ; and immediately following this Report will be found special centesimal and proportional tables, forming an interesting epitome of the facts elicited. The comparison of the results has not been carried back farther than the year 1861, when the first Census was taken after the separation of the Northern Districts (1859) ; and it was not without difficulty that even this comparison could be drawn, on account of the alterations since made in the boundaries of some of the districts.

18

The Census of 1861 was taken on the 7th of April, that of 1871 on the 2nd of April, so that a few days are wanted between the two dates to complete the decade. The difference is so unimportant that it was not thought necessary to increase the difficulties of the work by taking the broken period into account, and the computations have been made on the basis of a full decennial period having elapsed between the preceding Census and the present one. [Period 1861-1871.]

19

The total cost of the Census of 1871 was £17,183 12s. 8d., divided as follows:— [Cost of the Census.]

£s.d.
650 Collectors and Interpreters8,66550
91 Enumerators2,04500
26 Tabulators2,39433
Clerical staff2,28031
Printing and purchase of type1,252112
Postages and petty expenses4131310
Stationery and sundries132164
Total Cost£17,183128

Representing an expenditure of about 8¼d. per head of population. The actual cost of collection was £10,710 5s., or a trifle over 5d. per head. In 1861 it was £10,087 18s. 6d., or nearly 7d. per head.

POPULATION.

PROGRESS OF NEW SOUTH WALES.

20

Foremost among the elements of national and social wealth, upon which depends the progress of a civilized Country, stands the power of population, shown by the increase or decrease of the numbers of the people. Before proceeding with a general analysis of the results of the Census, I will endeavour to point out, without going beyond the province of this Report, how the progress of the Colony has been affected in that respect during the last decennial period. [Power of population.]

There are two causes from which arises the increase in the population. The excess of births over deaths, or natural increase, and the increase caused by the excess of migration flowing into, over that flowing out of, the Country.

The natural increase is in a great measure influenced by the increase or decrease in the migratory movement ; and it would be a matter of great difficulty, with the statistics at present at our command, to arrive at the exact proportion in which each cause contributes towards the general increase of the population. To indicate clearly the change in one element, it would be necessary to suppose the other to be constant, and the results that such an assumption would enable us to attain at the present time would be of no value, and will only become possible when the great disproportion of the numbers of the people to the extent of territory occupied by them disappears, and with it the wide fluctuations now taking place from year to year in the relative proportion of one cause of increase to the other.

21

The total addition to the population of New South Wales on the 2nd of April, 1871, was, for the ten preceding years, 153,121 persons, giving a yearly rate of increase of 4.36 per cent. The increase in the previous period, from 1856 to 1861, notwithstanding the separation of the Northern Districts, which took place in 1859, was at the annual rate of 6.36 per cent. Therefore, although the addition of 43.64 per cent. to our population in the decade must be a welcome fact, it should be noted not only that the rate of increase has not been maintained during the last few years, but that there has been a very noticeable retrograde movement in the progress of our population. [Progress of the population between years 1861 and 1871.]

Turning to the annual Registration Returns, we find the addition to the population represented by the excess of births over deaths, from 1856 to 1861, to have been 36,818 persons, or at an annual rate of 2.76 per cent., leaving the balance of increase, 47,853 or 3.60 per cent., annually, to be accounted for by immigration. From 1861 to 1871 the excess of births over deaths was 104,204, representing a natural increase at the annual rate of 2.97 per cent., leaving 48,917 or 1.39 per cent. as the contribution of immigration towards the general increase of the population.

Thus, while the natural increase from 1861 to 1871 was slightly in excess of that from 1856 to 1861 (2.97 against 2.76), the perceptible falling off in the number of arrivals

*

By this is meant the excess of arrivals over departures.

to this Colony is shown by the decrease in the annual rate, from 3.60 per cent. during the period 1856-1861, to 1.39 per cent. during the period 1861-1871.

The temporary cessation of assisted immigration, although one of the chief causes of the falling off just pointed out, is not alone sufficient to account for it. There is over the Borders of this and the neighbouring Colonies a constant movement of population, of which no record is kept, and by which each one has benefited lately, chiefly in proportion to the importance of the mineral discoveries made. During the last few years of the period that we are now dealing with,

the result of this movement for New South Wales has undoubtedly been an important exodus of her population, to Victoria more particularly. But it should not be forgotten that the great impetus given to this Colony by the improvement in the agricultural prospects, as well as by the rich discoveries of minerals, dates from after the time when the Census of 1871 was taken ; and there is every reason to hope, should the present prosperous state of the Country continue, that the next Census will show very different results.

NUMBERS AND DISTRIBUTION.

22

The total population of New South Wales on the 2nd April, 1871, exclusive of roving aborigines, was 503,981 persons, consisting of 275,551 males and 228,430 females. The numbers on the 7th April, 1861, were 350,860 persons, consisting of 198,488 males and 152,372 females. [Population of New South Wales.]

The addition to our population in the period which has expired since the Census of 1861 is therefore 153,121 persons, or 43.64 per cent. ; the males having increased by 77,063, or 38.82 per cent., and the females by 76,058, or 49.91 per cent.

23

The inequality of sexes, so prominently apparent on former occasions when a Census was taken, is fast disappearing as the population becomes more settled. In 1861 the males had increased at an annual rate of 6.95 per cent., and the females at an annual rate of 5.58 per cent. ; in 1871 the males had progressed at the rate of 3.88 per cent., only, against 4.99 per cent., for the females. [Inequality of sexes.]

Thus, while in 1861 there were, for every 10,000 persons 5,657 males and 4,343 females, or a proportion of 7,676 females to every 10,000 males, in 1871 there were 5,467 males and 4,533 females for every 10,000 persons, or a proportion of 8,289 females to every 10,000 males.

24

The density of population, or the relation that the numbers of the people bear to the area of the country occupied by them, will be found a question of some interest, as exemplifying, in so far at least as the actual extent of territory is concerned, the capabilities of the Country to support those who have made it their home. [Density of population.]

The total area of the Colony is computed at 323,437 square miles, or 207,000,000 acres. Taking, however, the Surveyor General's return of land coming under his observation, we have in 1871 an area of 305,988 square miles, against 271,635 square miles in 1861. The difference, 34,353 square miles, representing the extent of fresh country opened, in the intervening period, in some of the Pastoral Districts.

Taking then into account the extent of opened country only, we find that the centesimal proportion of the population to the area of the Colony, at the Censuses of 1856,

*

Leaving out the area of the Northern Districts.

1861, and 1871, was 0.91, 1.28, and 1.64 respectively.

Placing a person on each square yard, 3,097,600 persons might stand on a square mile, so that the whole of the population of New South Wales, if thus mustered together, would not occupy much more than 104 acres, or about one-sixth of a square mile, and the area of the Colony is 305,988 square miles!

The density of the population of England in 1861 was 344 persons to a square mile, giving a proportion of 1.86 acres to each person. In New South Wales there are over 388 acres to every inhabitant.

25

A glance at Summary table No. 2, will show how unequally the population is distributed over the Colony. [Distribution of the population.]

[* Leaving out the area of the Northern Districts.]

Taking first the Settled Counties, which comprise most of the agricultural and mining population, we find that, with an area of 40,117 square miles and a population of 376,170 persons, they contain 9.37 persons to a square mile, against 5.48 in 1856 and 7.05 in 1861.

The most populous County is of course the County Cumberland, which includes the City of Sydney. The area of this County is 1,586 square miles, with a population numbering 167,153. Here the progress is very marked ; for the density, which was 68.71 in 1856 and 78.61 in 1861, had increased in 1871 to 105.39 persons to a square mile. The County Northumberland comes next in importance, with an area of 2,342 square miles, occupied by 41,082 persons, or 17.54 persons to a square mile, against 9.88 and 13.35 in 1856 and 1861. In the County Camden the thickness of population is increasing but slowly, from 10.39 in 1861, to 10.55 in 1871.

Turning to the outlying or Pastoral Districts, we find the comparison between the two periods 1861 and 1871 more difficult. In some of them, such as the Darling, the Murrumbidgee, &c., the area has been greatly decreased by the addition of portions of the territory to that of the Settled Counties ; while the boundaries of others, such as the Albert, the Lachlan, the Warrego, &c., have been extended by the opening of fresh country in the distant parts of the Colony.

The total area of these districts in 1871 was 265,871 square miles, and the population 127,811 persons. The density was 0.48 persons to a square mile, against 0.13 and 0.29 in 1856 and 1861.

26

The distinction of the population of the towns and villages from that dispersed over the country and engaged in rural pursuits, was not effected without trouble. In many cases the official boundaries of the towns were not clearly known ; in others the township proper was found to be almost deserted, the people having found it more convenient to settle in the neighbourhood. Some, which at one time had shown signs of wealth and progress, had been all but abandoned by the inhabitants, and nothing but a few huts remained to remind one that a town had ever been planned there. These great fluctuations of population are a remarkable feature in the growth of the Colonies ; they are of course most frequent in the mining districts, where they are caused by the rush of the people to every newly discovered Gold Field. Wherever such rushes take place, townships arise with wonderful rapidity, generally to disappear as rapidly, as soon as the report of some rich find in another part of the country causes the abandonment of the Gold Field by the majority of those interested in it. [Urban and rural population.]

27

The rule followed in the classification of the towns and villages and of the rural parts, was to take the Government boundaries whenever practicable, enumerating the suburban population separately. But towns or villages, although without any officially defined boundaries, were nevertheless to be considered as being part of the urban population of the Colony ; and the number of inhabitants within their approximate limits, these having been carefully determined, was to be returned as the population of the town or village. [Towns and villages.]

In arriving at the numbers of the urban population of the Colony, towns and villages containing less than 100 inhabitants have been disregarded, most of them being composed—only in not quite such a scattered state—of a population following the same rural pursuits as in the surrounding country districts. Therefore, the fifth series of the tables, which is devoted to " Towns and Villages," gives information only about towns or villages containing 100 inhabitants or over. Separate mention is made, however, in other parts of the work, of many localities with a population of less than 100 persons, and all particulars relating to their statistics are given ; for although not now classed as towns or villages, they will probably rise in importance, when the information here given will be found useful in tracing their growth.

28

The whole of the Suburbs of Sydney comprised in the Metropolitan Police District are included in the urban population. In 1861 the same course was not followed ; a large portion of the suburban districts was added to the rural population, and this mode of dividing materially affected the returns. In order to allow of a comparison being drawn between the two periods, it has been necessary to make out fresh computations for 1861 on the same basis as the one adopted on the present occasion. [Suburban population.]

Of the total population of New South Wales in 1871, there were 234,162 persons in towns or villages, 267,417 in the rural parts, and 2,402 on board the ships, boats, barges, &c., in the ports, harbours, or other waters of the Colony. Thus, out of every 10,000 of the population, 4,646 persons lived in towns, and 5,306 in the country. In 1861, for every 10,000 persons, there were living in towns (including all the suburbs of Sydney) 4,549, and in the country 5,396, the proportion of urban and rural population being pretty nearly the same for the two periods, with a slight difference in favour of the towns in 1871.

Comparing the sexes, we find the disproportion naturally greater in the rural parts, although it is gradually becoming less apparent. Thus, in 1861, 80,449 or 40.53 per cent., of the male population were in the towns, and 116,197 or 58.54 per cent., in the country, against 79,181 or 51.96 per cent. of the female population in the towns, and 73,123 or 47.99 per cent. in the country. In 1871, the numbers are, for the males, 117,513 or 42.64 per cent. in the towns, 155,680 or 56.50 per cent. in the country, and for the females 116,649 or 51.06 per cent. in the towns, and 111,737 or 48.92 per cent. in the country ; or, leaving out the decimals, the following table will show more clearly the contrast between the two periods :—

1861.1871.Increase in the decennial period 1861—1871.
For every 10,000 persons.For every 10,000 males.For every 10,000 females.For every 10,000 persons.For every 10,000 males.For every 10,000 females.For every 10,000 persons.For every 10,000 males.For every 10,000 females.
Urban4,5494,0535,1964,6464,2645,1064,8684,8094,926
Rural5,3965,8544,7995,3065,6504,8925,1005,1245,077
Shipping559354886232673 decrease

Of the 234,162 persons composing the urban population in 1871, 134,736, or 26.73 per cent. of the total population of the Colony, formed the population of Sydney and the Suburbs. 99,426, or 19.73 of the total population of the Colony, were in the country towns and villages.

Leaving out the metropolis, there were enumerated in 1871 166 towns and villages containing 100 inhabitants or more, with an aggregate population of 99,426 persons. In 1861 there were 105 towns and villages so enumerated, with a population of 65,944 persons, giving an increase for the decennial period of 61 towns and villages, with an additional urban population of 33,482 persons. Thus, for every 10,000 of the population, there were in the country towns and villages 1,973 persons in 1871, against 1,879 in 1861. Towards the total increase of the population in the decennial period, they contributed at the rate of 2,187 in every 10,000.

Taking the sexes separately, we have in 1871, for every 10,000 of the male population, 1,895 in country towns and villages, against 1,764 in 1861 ; and for every 10,000 of the female population, 2,066 in 1871, against 2,029 in 1861. The contribution towards the general increase of population in the decennial period being for the males 2,232 in every 10,000, and for the females 2,140 in every 10,000.

The progress towards the equalization of sexes since the year 1861 will be still better illustrated by the following table :—

1861.1871.
Sydney and Suburbs.Towns and Villages of 100 inhabitants and over.Total Urban.Total Rural.Sydney and Suburbs.Towns and Villages of 100 inhabitants and over.Total Urban.Total Rural.
Persons10,00010,00010,00010,00010,00010,00010,00010,000
Males4,8495,3115,0406,1384,8455,2535,0185,821
Females5,1514,6894,9603,8625,1554,7474,9824,179

In 1861, there were for every 10,000 males 9,842 females in the urban and 6,293 in the rural parts. In 1871 the numbers had increased to 9,926 for the towns, &c., and 7,176 for the country.

29

Table No. 12 shows the progress of our principal towns, viz., those containing a population of over 1,000 persons. The most important after Sydney is Newcastle, with 7,581 inhabitants ; then Parramatta, with 6,103 ; West Maitland, 5,079 ; Bathurst, 5,030 ; Goulburn, 4,453 ; Grafton, 2,250. Of these, Newcastle has made by far the most rapid strides since 1861, her population having increased at the rate of 10.37 per cent. annually. On the other hand, Parramatta increased at the rate of 0.94 per cent. per annum only ; and if we were to leave out the Asylums, Orphan Schools, &c., which go far towards swelling her population, and the number of whose inmates increases in proportion to the total increase of the Colony, we should have an actual decrease in her numbers during the last ten years.

*

Of the 6,103 persons composing the population of Parramatta, 1,727, or one-fourth, are supported by the Government, viz.:—in the Gaol, 261 persons ; Lunatic Asylum, 874 ; Destitute Asylum, 266 ; Roman Catholic Orphanage, 326. Total, 1,727 persons.

[Principal towns.]

The largest increase of urban population will be found to have taken place in the towns of Wagga Wagga, Orange, Muswellbrook, and Tamworth, which progressed at the annual rates of 19.63 per cent., 15.06 per cent., 13.12 per cent., and 13.10 per cent. respectively ; while the numbers for East Maitland, West Maitland, and Windsor, show a very material falling off ; the decrease being at the rates of 0.87 per cent., 1.08 per cent., and 0.88 per cent. annually. This retrograde movement is explained by the impoverished state of the surrounding districts, caused chiefly by the floods to which they are exposed.

30

The town of Sydney, within the corporate boundaries, contained in 1871 a population of 74,423 persons, consisting of 36,149 males and 38,274 females. In 1861 the total population was 56,394, consisting of 27,285 males and 29,109 females ; the numerical increase in the intervening period being 8,864 males and 9,165 females, or 18,029 persons. The rate of increase was very nearly the same for both sexes, 3.25 per cent. annually for the males, 3.15 per cent. for the females, or an average of 3.20 per cent. for the total population. [Sydney.]

This is a marked improvement on the returns for 1861, when the rush to the Victorian mines between the years 1856-1861 had caused such a drain on our Metropolitan population that the annual rate of increase during the preceding quinquennial period was only 0.7 per cent. for the males, 1.5 per cent. for the females, and 1.2 per cent. for the total population.

The proportion of sexes in the City of Sydney is pretty evenly maintained from year to year, although it is of course to some extent affected by the gradual disappearance of the disproportion of their relative numbers in the rural districts. Thus, while in 1861 there were in the town for every 10,000 persons 4,866 males and 5,134 females, or a proportion of 10,551 females to every 10,000 males, in 1871 we have for every 10,000 persons 4,961 males and 5,039 females, or a proportion of 10,156 females to every 10,000 males.

The following table, showing the progress of the town since the year 1828, will be found interesting :—

RETURN showing the population of the Town of Sydney at each Census taken since the year 1828, and the increase of the same in the intervening periods.
Years.Population.Increase.
Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
182810,8157,4083,407
183316,2329,8136,4195,4172,4053,01250.132.588.410.06.517.7
183619,72912,1117,6183,4972,2981,19921.523.418.77.27.86.2
184129,97317,16912,80410,2445,0585,18651.941.868.110.48.413.6
184638,35820,81017,5488,3853,6414,74427.921.237.15.64.27.4
185144,24022,29621,9445,8821,4864,39615.37.125.03.11.45.0
185653,35826,39627,0329,1184,0305,08820.618.023.24.13.64.6
186156,39427,28529,1093,0369592,0775.73.67.71.20.71.5
187174,42336,14938,27418,0298,8649,16532.032.531.53.23.33.1

Between the years 1836 and 1861, the intervening periods are all quinquennial. 1861-1871 is the only decennial period.

The population of the Metropolis, however, does not consist only of those living in the town of Sydney proper. It includes also the numbers of those residing in the Suburbs, who, though not within the City boundaries, must be practically looked upon as forming part of her population.

31

These Suburbs, with the City of Sydney, compose the Metropolitan Police District. Their aggregate population is 60,324 persons, of which 29,148 are males and 31,176 females. They are divided in to eight Districts (Registry), as follows :— [Suburbs.]

POPULATION.
Persons.Males.Females.
1. Balmain6,8863,1913,695
2. The Glebe5,7212,7512,970
3. Newtown6,6013,1443,457
4. Redfern and Botany12,6216,2976,324
5. Paddington11,4115,3176,094
6. Concord3,5201,6671,853
7. St. George8,4384,2324,206
8. St. Leonards5,1262,5492,577
Totals.60,32429,14831,176

The population of the Suburbs has very largely increased since 1861, when it was in the aggregate 36,846 only, consisting of 17,768 males and 19,078 females. The addition in the decennial period was therefore 63.72 per cent., or 64.05 per cent. to the males, and 63.42 per cent. to the females. The annual rate of increase—6.37 per cent.—is nearly double that of the town. And this is only natural. The limits of the City are now far too narrow to give abodes to all to whom she affords a living, so that the proportion of those who reside out of town is necessarily increasing yearly ; and the rate of increase will be found to become greater as that of the town itself becomes more settled.

The highest suburban rate of increase is in the Redfern and Botany District, 88.34 per cent., in the ten years, the numbers having increased from 6,701 in 1861 to 12,621 in 1871. In the Concord, St. George, and St. Leonards Districts, which are farther from the City, the rates of increase are the lowest, being 49.40 per cent., 49.42 per cent., and 48.45 per cent., respectively, for the decennial period.

32

Taking the town and suburbs together, the population of Sydney in 1871 was 134,736 persons, consisting of 65,286 males and 69,450 females. In 1861 the numbers were 93,686 persons, consisting of 45,425 males and 48,261 females, and the numerical increase in the decennial period was for the males 19,861, for the females 21,189, or 41,050 for both sexes, being an addition of 43.72 per cent. for the males, 43.90 per cent. for the females, or 43.82 per cent. together. [Town of Sydney and suburbs.]

33

Most of the population composing the Metropolitan District has already been incorporated under the Municipalities Act. The town itself constitutes the Municipal City of Sydney, and in the suburbs there were in 1871 no less than nineteen Municipalities, containing together 49,962 persons, out of a total population of 60,324. [Municipalities.]

There were altogether in New South Wales, at the Census of 1871, forty-nine Municipalities, with a population of 192,181 ; while in 1861 there were only twenty-four Municipalities, with a population of 102,476 ; the increase in the decennial period being represented by twenty-five Municipalities and 89,705 persons.

In 1861, for every 10,000 of the population, there were 2,921 persons within municipal boundaries, and 7,079 in unincorporated localities. In 1871 the Municipalities contained 3,813 persons in every 10,000, against 6,187 in other parts. Again, taking the total increase of population in the decade, we find that for every 10,000 of the increase, 5,858 was contributed by the Municipalities, and 4,142 by the unincorporated parts of the Colony.

34

The Municipality of Sydney being identical with the town, requires no special reference here. It will be sufficient to indicate in the following table the population of the several Wards, and their progress since 1861. [Municipality of Sydney.]

RETURN showing the Population of the eight Wards of the Municipal City of Sydney, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871respectively, and the increase of the same in the decenninal period 1861-1871.
WARDS.POPULATION.INCREASE.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
The City56,39427,28529,10974,42336,14938,27418,02931.973.20
Fitzroy10,9595,0415,91812,0005,6306,3701,0419.500.95
Bourke5,1542,4842,6705,2582,4932,7651042.020.20
Macquarie4,5132,2132,3007,9453,7504,1953,43276.057.60
Cook8,2683,9614,30714,6946,9867,7086,42677.727.77
Denison8,0614,0044,05710,1345,0645,0702,07325.722.57
Brisbane6,3043,2423,0627,2693,8033,46696515.311.53
Gipps7,2203,5763,6448,9694,5014,4681,74924.222.42
Phillip5,9152,7643,1518,1543,9224,2322,23937.853.79

The above return shows how unevenly the population of the different parts of the city has progressed since 1861. The tendency of the city to spread out towards the east is illustrated by the large addition to the numbers of the people in Macquarie and Cook Wards, where the increase in the decade was 76.05 and 77.72 per cent.; while in Bourke and Brisbane Wards, representing the older and more thickly populated parts of the town, the increase was comparatively very small, 2.02 and 15.31 per cent., respectively.

35

The distribution of the people in this Country cannot be better shown than by a comparison between what were formerly the Settled Counties and the Pastoral Districts. The twenty Counties, forming previously to 1861 the more settled portion of the Colony, and composed chiefly, as already stated, of the agricultural and mining districts, have since received the accession of portions of five Counties, viz. : Buccleugh, Cowley, Gorden, Harden, and Lincoln. Including these, there were in 1871, for what may be termed the first class districts, a population numbering 376,583, or 74.72 per cent. of the [Counties and Pastoral Districts.]

total population of the Colony, and 127,398 persons, or 25.28 per cent., for the Pastoral Districts. In 1861 the numbers were, for the twenty Counties, 283,375,

*

Including, for the sake of comparison, the shipping, which was left out in the returns for 1861.

or 80.77 per cent. of the population, and for the Pastoral Districts 67,485, or 19.23 per cent. of the population. The progress of the outlying districts is here clearly marked. The addition to the population of the Counties between the years 1861 and 1871 was 33.79 per cent., or at the rate of 3.38 per cent. annually. The population of the Pastoral Districts had in the meantime increased by 88.77 per cent., or at the rate of 8.88 per cent. annually.

Taking the sexes separately, we find that in 1861, of the total male population, 151,595 or 76.37 per cent. were in the Counties, and 46,893 or 23.63 per cent. in the Pastoral Districts. In 1871 there were 198,814 or 72.15 per cent. of the male population in the Counties, and 76,737 or 27.85 per cent. in the Pastoral Districts. Of the total female population, there were in 1861 129,870 or 85.23 per cent. in the Counties, and 22,502 or 14.77 per cent. in the Pastoral Districts ; and in 1871, 177,769 or 77.82 per cent. in the Counties, and 50,661 or 22.18 per cent. in the Pastoral Districts.

The rate of increase in the decennial period was, in the Counties, pretty equal for both sexes, 31.15 per cent. for the males and 36.88 per cent. for the females ; but in the Pastoral Districts the rate for the males was 70.33 per cent., and for the females over 125.82 per cent. This large excess in the increase of the female population bears out what has already been said about the steady progress in the equalization of the sexes in the less settled districts.

This is again illustrated in table No. 8, which gives the proportion of the sexes in the Counties and in the Pastoral Districts, at the two periods of 1861 and 1871. In 1861 there were in the Counties, for every 10,000 persons, 5,386 males and 4,614 females, and in 1871, 5,279 males and 4,721 females, or 8,941 females for every 10,000 males in 1871, against 8,566 in 1861. In the Pastoral Districts the numbers were, for every 10,000 persons in 1861, 6,675 males and 3,325 females, and in 1871, 6,023 males and 3,977 females. So that in 1871 there were in the Pastoral Districts 6,602 females to every 10,000 males, against 4,979 only in 1861.

The progress of some of the Counties since 1861 has been very marked. County Phillip, the centre of the Western mining districts, increased in the decennial period by 282.26 per cent. of its population, the addition to the males being 341.49 per cent., and to the females 199.27 per cent. In County Georgiana the increase was 127.92 per cent. ; 107.38 per cent. for the males and 167.34 per cent. for the females. On the other hand, County Camden, whose population has been greatly thinned lately by the exodus of small settlers, attracted to other parts by the greater advantages offered by free selection, shows an actual decrease of the male population of 3.35 per cent. for the period, and the total rate of increase for both sexes was only 1.50 per cent. In the County Cumberland the increase was almost at the same rate as in the City of Sydney, 34.07 per cent. for the period, and the proportion of sexes in 1871 was 10.068 females to every 10,000 males, against 10,223 in 1861.

The comparison between the two periods is more difficult for the Pastoral Districts, on account of the difference of area of some of them in 1861 and in 1871. In the Warrego District the population increased from 219 in 1861 to 2,650 in 1871, or at the rate of 1,110.04 per cent. for the decade. In the Albert, the increase was at the rate of 322.27 per cent. for the decade, and in the Macleay at the rate of 279.77 per cent. But the Warrego and the Albert had in the same period received a very large addition to their area, while the Darling, although reduced by nearly half the extent of its territory, had nevertheless increased by 102.29 per cent. of its population in the ten years.

DOMICILIATION.

36

Taking next the manner in which the people of this Country are lodged, we find that the 503,981 persons forming the population of New South Wales in 1871 inhabited 93,690 dwellings of all descriptions, 28,497 of which were built of brick or stone, 50,800 of weatherboard, 11,973 of inferior material, and 2,420 of which were tents, drays, &c. In addition to these, there were 4,917 empty stores, uninhabited houses, or buildings in the course of construction. In 1861 the total number of inhabited or uninhabited buildings was 64,571, of which 18,639 were brick or stone houses, 38,773 weatherboard or inferior, and 7,159 tents, drays, &c. The large diminution in the number of the latter is accounted for by the decrease of the Chinese population. [Lodgment of the people.]

37

There were in 1861, 184 dwellings to every 1,000 inhabitants, or a proportion of 5.43 persons to each dwelling. In 1871 there were 196 dwellings to every 1,000 persons, or a proportion of 5.11 persons to each dwelling. The progress is shown by an increase in the period of twelve dwellings to every 1,000 persons, and by a corresponding decrease in the density of habitation of 0.32 persons to each dwelling. [Density of habitation.]

The density of habitation of the principal towns, in 1871, did not differ very materially. In Sydney, it was 5.39 persons to each inhabited dwelling ; in the suburbs, 5.45. In Newcastle it was 5.64. Liverpool and Parramatta, with their Asylums and other public institutions, show a density of 9.83 and 6.95 respectively.

The following table, giving the progress of the City of Sydney in respect to the lodgment of the people, will conclude this part of the Report :—

RETURN showing the description of residences, and the density of habitation in the eight Wards of the Municipal City of Sydney, at the Censues of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the progress of the same in decennial period 1861-1871.
Wards1861.1871.Period 1861-1871.
Residences.Density.Residences.Density.
Brick or stone.Weatherboard, Inferior.Not inhabited, or in course of construction.Total.Number of persons to each dwelling.Brick or stone.Weatherboard.Inferior.Not inhabited, or in course of construction.Total.Number of persons to each dwelling.Residence. Increase.Number of persons to each dwelling Decrease.
City of Sydney.8,6921,511Not enumerated separately.10,2035.5312,1801,511921,46415,2474.885,0440.65
Fitzroy1,8972052,0425.371,930123121712,2365.041940.33
Bourke682737556.838175122081,0784.883231.95
Macquarie7191138325.421,43276121371,6514.818190.61
Cook1,2322571,4895.552,406447292603,1424.681,6530.87
Denison1,2753061,5815.101,558298161241,9965.084150.02
Brisbane9611981,1595.441,12520281621,4974.863380.58
Gipps1,1091501,2595.731,55311481091,7845.025250.71
Phillip8772091,0865.451,35920652931,8634.387771.07

AGES.

38

In the detailed tables having reference to the ages of the people, the units of population will be found tabulated for each year of age up to 21, after which they are grouped in periods of five years up to 80, the last three columns being devoted to persons between 80 and 100 years of age, to centenarians, and to those whose ages were not specified. In the special summary tables the grouping of persons under 20 has been condensed into quinquennial periods. [Mode of grouping.]

39

Following the plan adopted in 1861, we will first divide the population into three distinct groups of age, classing as children all those under 15 years,—as adults, representing the effective strength of the community, those between 15 and 65 years of age,—and as non-effective adults, those over the age of 65. [Effective and non-effective portion of the population.]

Of the 503,981 persons forming the population in 1871, 210,183, or 41.71 per cent., were children under 15,

*

Including, as in 1861, the unspecified ages.

283,087, or 56.17 per cent., were adults between the ages of 15 and 65, and 10,711, or 2.12 per cent., were over 65 years of age.

In 1861, 133,221, or 37.97 per cent. of the population, were children under 15, 212,843, or 60.72 per cent., were adults between 15 and 65 years of age, and 4,796, or 1.31 per cent., were over 65.

The increase in the decennial period was, therefore, 76,962, or 57.77 per cent. of their numbers, for children under 15 years of age, 70,244 or 33.00 per cent., for adults between 15 and 65, and 5,915, or 123.33 per cent., for persons over 65.

Assuming the numbers of those under 15 and over 65 years of age to represent the section of the population depending upon others for support, and taking the remainder as the class embracing the self-supporting and those who support others,—we have in 1871, for every 10,000 of the population, 5,620 effective to 4,380 non-effective persons, against 6,070 effective to 3,930 non-effective in 1861.

In England, where the self-supporting classes are taken to be between the ages of 20 and 60, their proportion to the numbers depending upon others for support remains pretty constant. In 1851 there were, for every 10,000 of the population, 5,230 persons depending upon the remaining 4,770 for maintenance. In 1861 the numbers were 5,240 and 4,760 respectively.

The proportionately large decrease in the numbers of our effective population should, it need hardly be pointed out, not be taken as showing a diminution of our producing power, but simply as instancing the tendency of this Country—yearly increasing with its growth—of approaching in this respect the standard of Great Britain.

It does not follow, because the proportion of those relying upon others for support has so largely increased since 1861, that there should be, therefore, a decrease in the number of those capable of supporting them. The inference to be drawn is merely that, as the Colony grows older and the sexes become more equal, causing a corresponding increase in the number of marriages, so each adult has the care of more who are dependent on him for support ; and the same person upon whomtwoothers depended in 1861, would in 1871 have to support nearlyfourpersons.

40

Looking next at each sex separately, we have in 1871, out of a total male population of 275,551, 106,615, or 38.69 per cent. of the whole number, under 15 years of age ; 161,654, or 58.67 per cent., between the ages of 15 and 65 ; and 7,282, or 2.62 per cent., over 65 years of age. In 1861 the percentage of the male population was, for children under 15, 33.78, for those between the ages of 15 and 65, 64.55, and for those over 65 years of age, 1.67. [Males and females.]

Of the total female population, numbering 228,430 in 1871, 103,568, or 45.34 per cent., were under 15 ; 121,433, or 53.16 per cent., were between the ages of 15 and 65 ; and 3,429, or 1.50 per cent., were over 65 years of age. In 1861, the percentage was 43.43 for children under 15, 55.60 for those between 15 and 65, and 0.97 for those over 65 years of age.

41

Taking the proportion of one sex to the other, we find that in 1871, for every 10,000 of the active class, 5,710 were males and 4,290 females, and for every 10,000 of the remainder of the population, 5,156 were males and 4,844 females ; whilst in 1861, for every 10,000 of the active class, there were 6,019 males and 3,981 females, or nearly twice the number of males ; and for every 10,000 of the remainder, there were 5,099 males and 4,901 females. [Proportion of sexes.]

Thus, while the proportion of sexes of the children and aged does not materially differ at the two periods, the maintaining class, which in 1861 numbered nearly two males to every female, in 1871 only numbered five males to every four females. This illustrates very clearly the theory that the disproportion of sexes on the one hand, and the difference in the numbers of the effective and non-effective classes on the other, disappear on a par.

42

A noticeable increase will be found to have taken place since 1861 in the numbers of those over 65 years of age. [Persons aged 65 and more.]

Between the ages of sixty-five and seventy there were 4,850 persons in 1871, against 2,189 in 1861, an addition to the numbers of 2,661 or 121.56 per cent. in the decade. Between the ages of seventy and seventy-five, there were 3,609 persons in 1871, against 1,466 in 1861, giving a numerical increase of 2,143 or 146.18 per cent. in the period. Between seventy-five and eighty, 1,275 persons were returned in 1871, against 614 in 1861, the increase of 661 being at the rate of 107.65 per cent. ; and over eighty, there were 977 persons in 1871, against 527 in 1861, giving an increase of 250, or 85.39 per cent.

43

With regard to persons of a reputed age of 100 years and more, the information given requires careful scrutiny. We have little documentary evidence in this Country of the truth of the statements made by supposed centenarians, whose loss of memory often leads them to exaggerate their age. I can only give their numbers such as they were extracted from the schedules, without expressing any opinion about the correctness of the returns. Eighteen persons were put down as centenarians in 1871, which is a proportion of about 3½ to every 100,000 of the population. In England, in 1861, there was one centenarian returned to every 100,000 persons. [Centenarians.]

44

I annex the following return to show, at different periods of age, the inequality of the sexes, and at the same time to indicate at what ages the disappearance of this disproportion is most observable. [Inequality of sexes at different periods of age.]

RETURN showing, at different periods of age, the proportion of females to every 10,000 males, in the years 1861 and 1871 respectively.
All Specified ages.Under 5 years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and over.
18617,9229,8599,9849,75310,4598,3766,9565,9576,4616,2255,3794,8774,8183,8684,5744,2745,2353,513
18718,3039,6849,6819,79810,2249,8838,2356,6906,4125,7836,3656,2205,7065,3604,9004,4654,2945,266

It will be seen by the above return that up to the age of 15 the sexes were pretty equally divided, both in 1861 and 1871 ; there being under that age 9,869 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, and 9,714 in 1871. Between the ages of 15 and 20 the female element predominates. Again, at the age of 20-21 (which was not enumerated separately in 1861) there were 10,402 returned to every 10,000 males, in 1871. Above that year the preponderance goes on decreasing with age, but with a marked improvement in 1871.

45

Although the three periodsunder15, 15and under65,and65and upwards, were adopted, for the sake of comparing the results of this Census with those of the preceding one, a better way of grouping the population in this Country would perhaps be into the following four series of ages :—Infants under 5 ; children, between 5 and 15 ; adults, between 15 and 60 (which it is thought would correspond here with the period 15-65 in England), and adults aged 60 and upwards. [Betterway of grouping the population.]

Under this mode of grouping, tables 20 and 21 will give a comparison between the urban and rural parts of the Colony in 1871, as regards the percentage of the population, and the proportion of sexes at each of the four periods of age. They will serve as a basis for future comparison. [Ages in the urban and rural parts.]

46

A useful return (table 22) has been made out in connection with this part of the Census, giving for each Electorate the number of adult males of the age of 21 and upwards ; and, deducting from these the Chinese and Aboriginal element and the Foreigners who were not returned as naturalized, the estimated number of electors,—From this we elicit that there were in 1871, in the fifty-seven Electorates, 141,147 adult males aged 21 and over, giving an estimated number of electors of 130,919, or a proportion of 2,610 electors in every 10,000 persons. The total number of Members of the Legislative [Electorates.—Males aged 21 and more.]

Assembly being 69, the average is 1,897 electors to a Member. To arrive at the exact number of males aged 21 and upwards in the Colony, we must add the shipping, which is not included in the Electorates. We thus get a total of 143,730 adult males of 21 years of age or over, representing 28.52 per cent. of the population.

SOCIAL OR CONJUGAL CONDITION.

47

The next point to be considered is the social condition of the people ; and, without following the order in which the detailed tables are printed, I will now proceed with the analysis of the statistical information contained under that head.

It should be mentioned, however, that as, through an oversight in the compilation, the corresponding tables for 1861 were not classified by ages, no comparison can be drawn between the two periods, except as regards the general results. [Difficulty of comparing the two periods, 1861 and 1871.]

48

This is the first occasion on which, in inquiring into the social state of the community, the Chinese element has not been left out. It must be admitted that the time has arrived when the Chinese should be regarded as forming part of our settled population ; for although the nomadic habits of many of them still remain unchanged, the number of those who are settling in our midst, as merchants, tradesmen, artificers, or agriculturists, is increasing yearly, and the number of marriages registered between them and European women is becoming more and more important. [Chinese population included in the returns.]

Of course, by including them, the percentage of the married will be to a considerable extent weakened ; but this does not appear a sufficient reason to justify in leaving them out of the returns, more especially as the information obtained about them was, with the assistance of the interpreters, very complete.

The figures that are given hereafter must therefore be taken to refer to the whole of our specified population.

49

Comparing, first, the general results of this Census with those of the preceding one. [General results of this Census, compared with those of the preceding one.]

We find that, in 1871, of the total population of 503,981, there were

*

Including at both periods, the unspecified, who in 1861, were chiefly Chinese, and may therefore reasonably be included amongst the unmarried,

In the tables for 1871, however, the unspecified fairly represent the three classes, married, unmarried, and widowed, and should be left out when comparison is drawn with future results.

336,770 persons, or 66.82 per cent. unmarried, 150,692 or 29.90 per cent. married, and 1,019 or 3.28 per cent. widowed.

In 1861 there were 231,152 persons, or 65.88 per cent. of the population unmarried, 109,188 or 31.12 per cent. married, and 10,520 or 3.00 per cent. widowed.

The unmarried therefore increased in the period by 105,618 or 45.69 per cent. of their numbers, the married by 41,504 or 38.01 per cent., and the widowed by 5,999 or 57.02 per cent.

The proportion of the unmarried to the total population increased in the period by 0.94 per cent., that of the married, on the contrary, decreased by 1.22 per cent., and that of the widowed increased by 0.28 per cent.

50

This increase in the proportion of the unmarried is not to be attributed to a proportionate decrease in the number of marriages. The percentage of increase of our adult population has already been shown to have been smaller between the years 1861-1871 than in the preceding period, while that of the children was correspondingly larger. And if we deduct from the number of unmarried the youthful element, we shall find that the proportion of the unmarried, that is, of the bachelors and spinsters, has decreased since 1861. [Increase in the proportion of the unmarried to the total population.]

Leaving out, therefore, for the males all under 20 years of age, and for the females all under 15, we are left with a total unmarried [Decrease in the proportion of the unmarried, taking the adult population only.]

population numbering 74,136 in 1861 and 104,486 in 1871, and with a percentage of the total population of 21.13 in 1861 and 20.73 in 1871, or a decrease of 0.40 per cent. in the period.

51

Of the 150,692 persons returned as married in 1871, 75,810 were males and 74,882 females, so that there were 928 husbands whose wives were not in New South Wales when the Census was taken. [Married—Proportion of sexes.]

In 1861 there were 55,679 husbands and 53,509 wives, the excess of husbands being 2,170, so that a large number of wives whose husbands had probably preceded them in this Country to prepare a home for them and their families, had joined them since 1861, coming from the neighbouring Colonies or from Europe.

In England, on the contrary, the number of wives predominates. In 1861, for instance, there were nearly 70,000 husbands, or about 2 per cent. of their total number, absent from the Country, most of whom were seamen.

52

The addition to our married population in the period 1861-1871, was 20,131 or 34.36 per cent. to the males, and 21,373 or 39.94 per cent. to the females. [Increase of the married.]

53

Of the 16,519 widowed persons in 1871, 6,730 were males and 9,789 females. In 1861 there were 4,781 males and 5,739 females ; the females exceeding the males by 958 in 1861, and by 3,059 in 1871. [Widowed—Proportion of sexes.]

The increase in the ten years was 1,949 or 40.98 per cent. to the number of widowers, and 4,050 or 70.57 per cent. to the number of widows.

Here then, as well as in England, the chances of remarrying are far greater for widowers than for widows.

54

The proportion of the married to the widowed was, in 1861, 1,160 husbands to 100 widowers, 930 wives to 100 widows ; and in 1871, 1,270 husbands to 100 widowers, and 760 wives to 100 widows. In England the proportion is aboutfive wivestoonewidow. [Proportion of the married to the widowed.]

I regret that the incompleteness of the returns for 1861 will not allow me to extend this inquiry to the progress of themarried,widowed, andunmarried, in the last decade, at different periods of age, which would be necessary to render the information complete.

55

The following table summarizes the proportion of sexes of the three social classes in 1861 and 1871:— [Summary of the proportion of sexes of the unmarried, married, and widowed, in 1861 and 1871.]

1861.1871.
Unmarried.Married.Widowed.Unmarried.Married.Widowed.
Persons10,00010,00010,00010,00010,00010,000
Males5,9715,0994,5455,7315,0314,074
Females4,0294,9015,4554,2694,9695,926

So that there were in 1861, of the unmarried, 6,747 females to every 10,000 males ; of the married, 9,610 females to every 10,000 males ; and of the widowed, 12,004 females to every 10,000 males ; while in 1871 the unmarried were in the proportion of 7,448 females to every 10,000 males ; the married, in the proportion of 9,878 females to every 10,000 males ; and the widowed, in the proportion of 14,545 females to every 10,000 males.

56

Passing now to the returns for 1871, and taking first theunmarried,—we find that of their total number, 210,182 are under 15, and 125,569 were aged 15 and upwards. [Returns for 1871.—Unmarried.]

Of the 210,182 persons under 15 years of age, 106,615 or 50.73 per cent. are males, and 103,567 or 49.27 per cent. females. Of the 125,569 persons aged 15 and upwards, 85,614 or 68.18 per cent. are males, and 39,955 or 31.82 per cent. females. Under the age of 15 there are 9,714 unmarried females to every 10,000 unmarried males ; above that age, 4,690 unmarried females to every 10,000 unmarried males. [Proportion of sexes.]

57

Deducting the males under 20 years of age and the females under 15, we have in the Colony 64,620 bachelors and 39,955 spinsters, or a proportion of 6,183 spinsters to every 10,000 bachelors. [Bachelors and spinsters.]

The proportion of unmarried females to unmarried males decreases with age. Thus the proportion is—

  1. Under 15 years of age, 971 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  2. Between 15 and 20 years of age, 955 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  3. Between 20 and 21 years of age, 751 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  4. Between 21 and 25 years of age, 591 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  5. Between 25 and 30 years of age, 343 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  6. Between 30 and 35 years of age, 167 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  7. Between 35 and 40 years of age, 122 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  8. Between 40 and 50 years of age, 97 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  9. Between 50 and 60 years of age, 80 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  10. Between 60 and 70 years of age, 76 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  11. Between 70 and 80 years of age, 72 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

  12. At 80 years and upwards 119 spinsters to every 1,000 bachelors.

58

Of the total number ofmarried, 150,691 persons are aged 15 and more, 1 only is under 15. There were 75,810 males and 74,881 females at the age of 15 and upwards. The 1 under 15 is a female. Between the ages of 15 and 20, there are 71 married males and 1,479 married females. At the age of 20-21 there are 145 married males and 1,289 married females. Above that age, the proportion of married females to married males goes on decreasing, as the following will show:— [Husbands and wives.]

  1. Between 20 and 21 years of age there are 8,890 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  2. Between 21 and 25 years of age there are 2,656 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  3. Between 25 and 30 years of age there are 1,443 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  4. Between 30 and 35 years of age there are 1,028 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  5. Between 35 and 40 years of age there are 878 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  6. Between 40 and 50 years of age there are 764 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  7. Between 50 and 60 years of age there are 672 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  8. Between 60 and 70 years of age there are 514 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  9. Between 70 and 80 years of age there are 342 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

  10. At 80 years and upwards 362 wives to every 1,000 husbands.

59

None of the population under 15 years of age are *returned as widowed. Between the ages of 15 and 20 there are 12 such ; of these, 11 are females and 1 is a male. Between the ages of 20 and 30 there were 736 widowed, namely, 157 males and 579 females. [Widowers and widows.]

The proportion of widows to widowers decreases with age.

  1. Thus, between 20 and 21 the proportion is 7,000 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  2. Thus, between 21 and 25 the proportion is 5,217 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  3. Thus, between 25 and 30 the proportion is 3,399 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  4. Thus, between 30 and 35 the proportion is 2,214 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  5. Thus, between 35 and 40 the proportion is 1,950 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  6. Thus, between 40 and 50 the proportion is 1,696 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  7. Thus, between 50 and 60 the proportion is 1,494 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  8. Thus, between 60 and 70 the proportion is 1,145 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  9. Thus, between 70 and 80 the proportion is 928 widows to 1,000 widowers.

  10. At 80 and upwards 903 widows to 1,000 widowers.

60

The total population of New South Wales in 1871 may therefore be divided as follows:— [Social distribution of the population in 1871.]

Persons.Males.Females.
Total Population503,981275,551228,430
Unmarried Under 15210,182106,615103,567
Unmarried Between 15 and 2020,99420,994
Unmarried Bachelors and Spinsters104,57564,62039,955
Married150,69275,81074,882
Widowed16,5196,7309,789
Unspecified1,019782237

I annex the following return, to show the proportional number of unmarried, married and widowed, at different periods of age :—

RETURN showing in every 10,000 the proportional number of the Unmarried, Married, and Widowed, at different periods of age, at the Census of 1871.
Under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 50.50 and under 60.60 and under 70.70 and under 80.80 and upwards.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Unmarried10,00010,00010,0009,6339,9669,3088,2829,6456,9716,5548,1454,9244,2175,7262,3863,0404,3491,0872,3463,4336542,0623,0154841,6732,4853301,6682,3623411,7822,4003891,8402,516564
Married364316871,7083523,0133,4041,8415,0045,6494,2197,3856,7065,5198,4787,2566,3458,6747,2026,5488,2876,8276,5507,2855,8355,8665,7754,7613,6702,8983,2552,225
Widowed3510316421472134552292541324353982226727364371,2291,5009642,3852,4971,7723,8843,7922,8395,9415,2624,2297,211

61

Table number 45 gives, at three different periods of age, the percentage of the unmarried, married, and widowed, in the urban and rural parts of the Colony. In the towns and villages, the percentage of unmarried is 64.15, of married 31.60, and of widowed 4.09. In the country it is 68.74 unmarried, 28.48 married, and 2.57 widowed. [Unmarried, married, and widowed, in the urban and rural parts of the Colony.]

Of the male population, 66.35 per cent. are unmarried, 30.78 per cent. married, and 2.61 per cent. widowed, in the towns or villages ; and 72.29 per cent. unmarried, 25.13 per cent. married, and 2.33 per cent. widowed, in the country.

Of the female population, 61.92 per cent. are unmarried, 32.42 per cent. married, and 5.60 per cent. widowed, in the towns and villages ; and 63.78 per cent. unmarried, 33.15 per cent. married, and 2.91 per cent. widowed, in the rural parts.

NATIONALITY.

62

The population of New South Wales, whose progress mainly depends upon immigration from various parts of the World, is necessarily one of mixed nationality. It is therefore a matter of great importance to trace the growth of its component parts, and to ascertain the relative importance of the native-born, and of the other elements of which its numbers are constituted.

63

The inquiry under the head of Nationality extends into two parts, the one requiring a division of the people into British and Foreign subjects, and the other a distinction of the Countries in which they were born.

64

Taking first the subject of allegiance,—we find that of the 503,981 persons enumerated on the 2nd April 1871, 484,762 were British subjects, viz., 481,857 by birth, and 2,905 by parentage or naturalization, and 17,770 were Foreign subjects. [British and Foreign subjects.]

Of the British subjects, 259,489 were males and 225,273 females. Of the Foreign subjects, 15,025 were males and 2,745 females.

There were, in addition to these, 983 Aborigines forming part of the settled population of whom 709 were males and 274 females, and 466 persons of unspecified nationality, of whom 328 were males and 138 females.

Taking only the people whose nationality was stated, it would appear that 96.28 per cent. of the population were British, and 3.53 per cent. Foreign subjects. Of the males, 94.28 per cent. were British, and 5.46 per cent. Foreign ; of the females, 98.68 per cent. were British, and 1.20 per cent. Foreign.

65

The sexes of the British subjects are comparatively equal,—5,353 males, and 4,647 females in every 10,000 persons, or a proportion of 8,682 females to every 10,000 males ; but there is a great disparity of numbers to be noted in the sexes of Foreign subjects, of whom there were 8,455 males, and 1,545 females in every 10,000 persons, or a proportion of 1,827 females only to every 10,000 males. [Proportion of sexes.]

I am not able to compare the above results with those of the preceding Census, when no corresponding return appears to have been framed, but a contrast between the numbers of different birth-places, at the two epochs, will be sufficient to indicate the progress of the different nationalities in the decennial period.

66

The population of New South Wales may be classed under three principal heads—the

*

*To simplify these returns, I have included amongst the Australians those born in New Zealand and Australia

Australian-born, the natives of Great Britain or of other parts of the British Dominions, and those born in Foreign Countries, including such as, being naturalized, enjoy all the rights of the British subject. [Birth-places of the people.]

There were in New South Wales, in 1871, 308,673 persons born in the Australian Colonies, of whom 294,244 were natives of this Colony ;

174,167 persons born in Great Britain or in British Possessions ; and 20,675 born in Foreign Countries, or at sea ; forming, with 466 persons of unspecified birth-places, the total population.

67

Taking thespecifiedonly, 61.30 per cent. of the people were Australian-born ; 34.59 per cent. were born in Great Britain or in British Dependencies, and 4.11 per cent. in Foreign Countries or at sea.

In 1861, the percentage of Australian-born was 47.14, of persons born in Great Britain or in British Dependencies, 46.30, and of persons born in Foreign Countries or at sea, 6.56

68

Thus, while in 1861 the Australian-born only slightly outnumbered others of British blood, they now stand to them in the proportion of nearly two to one. [Increase of the Australian-born.]

Taking the total increase of the population in the decade, we find that to every 10,000 of the increase the Australian-born contributed 9,359, and others of British blood only 789, whilst the Foreign element showed a decrease of 148 in every 10,000.

That the proportion in which the natives stand to the total population should augment from year to year is only to be expected, as their numbers, if compared with the other elements of which the population is composed, increase in the same proportion as the natural increase of the population bears to the migratory increase. Even if the rate of immigration had been kept up in the last decade, the proportion of the natives, swelled by the numbers of the children born of immigrants in the decennial period, would still have been greater than in 1861. But it would have been far less than it actually is; and it is therefore doubtful whether, considering the causes to which it is to be attributed, this large preponderance of the native element is a matter for congratulation. That it will decrease again, as soon as the immigration movement is revived, is not to be doubted.

Of the 308,673 Australian-born, 294,244 or 58.44 per cent. of the population, were born in New South Wales, and 14,429 or 2.86 per cent. in other Australian Colonies. In 1861 the numbers were 160,298 or 45.80 per cent. of the population for New South Wales, and 4,694 or 1.34 per cent. for other Australian Colonies.

The increase in the decade was, therefore, 133,946 or 83.56 per cent. for New South Wales, and 8,752 or 186.45 per cent. for the other Colonies.

69

Of the 174,167 persons, in 1871, who were born in Great Britain or in British Possessions, 87,334, or 17.35 per cent. of the total population, were born in England ; 1,870, or 0.37 per cent. of the population, in Wales ; 20,041, or 3.98 per cent. of the population, in Scotland ; and 62,943, or 12.50 per cent. of the population, in Ireland. [Great Britain and British Dependencies.]

In 1861 the numbers were 84,152, or 24.04 per cent. of the population, for England ; 1,378, or 0.39 per cent. of the population, for Wales ; 18,222, or 5.21 per cent. of the population, for Scotland ; and 54,829, or 15.67 per cent. for Ireland.

The addition to the numbers of the English-born in the decennial period was very small, 3,182, or only 3.78 per cent. To the Welsh, 492 persons, or 35.70 per cent. of their numbers, were added ; to the Scotch, 1,819, or 9.98 per cent. of their numbers ; to the Irish, 8,114, or 14.79 per cent.

70

The proportion in which the British-born stood to the total population decreased between the years 1861-1871 by 6.69 per cent. for England, 0.02 per cent. for Wales, 1.23 per cent. for Scotland, and 3.17 per cent. for Ireland. [Proportion of the British to the total population.]

71

Of the 20,675 persons born in Foreign Countries, 1,340 or 0.27 per cent. of the population were from the United States, 891 or 0.18 per cent. of the population from France, and 6,623 or 1.32 per cent. of the population from Germany. [Foreign Countries.]

In 1861 the members were 1,067 or 0.31 per cent. of the population for the States, 690 or 0.20 per cent. for France, and 5,467 or 1.56 per cent. for Germany.

The addition to their numbers in the decade was therefore 273 or 25.58 per cent. for the Americans, 201 or 29.13 per cent. for the French, 1,156 or 21.14 per cent. for the Germans ; and the proportion which each Country stood to our population decreased in the same in period, by 0.04 per cent. for the States, 0.02 per cent. for France, and 0.24 per cent. for Germany.

72

The numbers of the Chinese, which in 1861 were 12,988, or 3.71 per cent. of the population, had fallen in 1871 to 7,220, or 1.43 per cent. They had therefore decreased in the intervening period by 5,768, or 44.41 per cent. [Chinese.]

73

Taking the males and females separately, we see that the proportion of sexes of allBritish-bornwas well kept up in the period 1861-1871, with a slight difference in 1871 in favour of the females. Thus, for every 10,000 persons born in the British Empire, there were 5,345 males and 4,655 females in 1871, against 5,427 males and 4,573 females in 1861, which gives a proportion of 8,425 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, and of 8,708 in 1871. [Proportion of sexes.]

The Australian-born show a great equality of sexes at both periods, the natives of New South Wales numbering 80,106 males and 80,192 females in 1861, and 147,877 males and 146,367 females in 1871. For the whole of the Australian Colonies there were 82,548 males and 82,444 females in 1861, and 155,734 males and 152,939 females in 1871.

The proportion of sexes for the Australian-born was therefore, in 1861, 5,003 males and 4,997 females in every 10,000 persons, or a proportion of 9,987 females to every 10,000 males ; and in 1871, 5,045 males and 4,955 females in every 10,000 persons, or a proportion of 9,820 females to every 10,000 males. And for the natives of New South Wales it was 4,997 males and 5,003 females, or a proportion of 10,011 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, and 5,026 males and 4,974 females, or a proportion of 9,828 females to every 10,000 males in 1871.

The English-born show a decrease in the proportion of females, from 5,829 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 5,689 in 1871 ; the Scotch, from 6,556 in 1861, to 6,509 in 1871 ; the Irish, from 9,858 in 1861, to 9,716 in 1871 ; the Welsh, on the contrary, show a slight increase, from 5,109 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 5,141 in 1871.

From Foreign Countries, the number of females arriving in this Colony is, in proportion to that of the males, very small. From France and Germany it has considerably decreased since 1861. From the United States it has slightly improved. From the States there were in 1861,

*

*The actual numbers in the Colony are considerably less than the figures here quoted. The proportion in every 10,000 is given, because it has been generally adopted throughout the Report.

1,777, and in 1871, 2,407 females to every 10,000 males. From France, the proportion had fallen from 3,346 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 2,306 in 1871. And from Germany it was 4,473 in 1871, against 5,228 in 1861.

74

Tables 27 and 28 give for the year 1871 the percentage of the total population, and the proportion of sexes of persons of different birth-places, in the urban and in the rural parts of New South Wales. [Urban and rural parts of the Colony.]

75

The proportion of the native-born is larger in the country than in the towns. Thus, 56.76 per cent. of the urban population and 60.36 per cent. of the rural were natives of this Colony. [Proportion of the native-born.]

The centres of population naturally afford a wider field for enterprise and speculation, consequently offering greater attractions to new comers, so that there are in the country a number of localities in which small congregations of people are settled and find the means

of earning a livelihood, but which have not yet succeeded in drawing much of the element supplied by immigration, depending entirely for progress upon the natural increase of their numbers.

76

19.42 per cent. of the urban, and 15.30 per cent. of the rural population, were English-born ; 0.30 per cent. of the urban, and 0.43 per cent. of the rural, Welsh ; 3.76 per cent. of the urban, and 4.09 per cent. of the rural, Scotch ; and 13.27 per cent. of the urban, and 11.87 per cent. of the rural, Irish. [Proportion of persons born in Great Britain and British Dependencies.]

77

3.07 per cent. of the urban population, and 4.86 per cent. of the rural, were returned as born in Foreign Countries, or at sea ; of which the Chinese contribute 0.61 per cent. in the towns, and 2.16 per cent. in the country. [Proportion of persons born in Foreign Countries, or at sea.]

RELIGION.

78

It is not my intention to dwell at any length upon this part of the returns. [Reasons for not dwelling at any length upon this part of the Census.]

A great many people here, as well as in Great Britain, strongly object to be questioned on the subject of their religious belief. At home, in fact, Parliament has since 1855 refused to sanction the inquiry; and although provision is made in our Census Act for obtaining the information, it was determined to allow the filling up of the column devoted to " Religion " to be optional, the collectors being instructed to be very careful not to press for particulars.

Therefore, notwithstanding that the majority of the people did not hesitate to answer the inquiry, the number of those who refused or omitted to do so amounted to 5,946 persons, or 1.18 per cent. of the population, and the information is necessarily incomplete.

For this reason I did not feel justified in classifying the different returns, such, for instance, as thesocial conditionor theeducationof the people in connection with the religious denominations ; nor did I consider it requisite to enter into the particulars of the numerous subdivisions of some of the religious sects, but have been content with a careful grouping of those whose religion was stated with respect to the denominations predominating in this Colony.

79

The principal sects will be found tabulated under two heads, called, respectively, for convenience,ProtestantsandCatholics. The former embracing, in addition to the Church of England, such sects as acknowledge themselves asProtestants, as well as those who, without further specifying the sect to which they belonged, simply returned themselves asProtestants. The latter comprising the RomanCatholics, and those who return themselves as Catholics, with no other explanation of their religious creed. ["Protestants" and "Catholics."]

I should explain, however, that before adopting this mode of classification, the Enumerators of the different Census Districts were written to on the subject ; and their answers, gathered from the explanations of the collectors employed by them, satisfied me that in most cases when the terms " Protestants " and " Catholics " were used they intended to mean " Church of England " and " Roman Catholics " respectively.

80

Of the 503,981 persons enumerated in 1871, 339,392, or 67.34 per cent. of the population belonged to the different sects professingProtestantism, 147,627 or 29.29 per cent. of the population were returned asCatholics, 2,395 or 0.48 per cent. as Hebrews, 1,166 or 0.23 per cent. as belonging to other persuasions, and 7,455 or 1.48 per cent. as Pagans. In addition to these, 5,946 persons, or 1.18 per cent. of the population; omitted or refused to supply the information. [Division of the population Comparison with 1861.]

In 1861 the Protestants numbered 233,606, or 66.58 per cent. of the population ; the Catholics, 99,193, or 28.27 per cent. ; the

Hebrews, 1,759, or 0.50 per cent. ; other and unspecified persuasions, 3,393, or 0.97 per cent., and the Pagans, 12,909, or 3.68 per cent. of the population.

81

The addition to the numbers in the intervening period was 105,786 or 45.28 per cent. for the Protestants, 48,434 or 48.83 per cent. for the Catholics, 636 or 36.15 per cent. for the Hebrews. [Increase in the decennial period.]

The Pagans, composed chiefly of the Chinese population decreased in the same period by 5,454, or 42.25 per cent. of their numbers.

82

In 1871 those embodied under the head ofProtestantscomprised 229,243 persons, or 45.49 per cent. of the population belonging to the Church of England ; 49,122 persons, or 9.75 per cent. of the population, returned as Presbyterians ; 36,275, or 7.20 per cent., as Wesleyan Methodists ; 3,291, or 0.65 per cent., as other Methodists ; 9,253, or 1.83 per cent., as Congregationalists ; 4,151, or 0.82 per cent., as Baptists ; 849, or 0.17 per cent., as Unitarians. In addition to the above, 4,659 persons, or 0.92 per cent. of the population, belonged to other sects coming under the general head ofProtestants, including Lutherans, who, I regret to say, were not enumerated separately, and 2,549 persons, or 0.51 per cent. of the population, were returned as Protestants, with no other specification. ["Protestants" comparison with 1861.]

In 1861 159,958 persons, or 45.59 per cent. of the population belonged to the Church of England ; 34,692, or 9.89 per cent. of the population, were returned as Presbyterians; the Methodists (with no subdivision) numbering 23,682, or 6.75 per cent. of the population ; the Congregationalists, 5,411, or 1.54 per cent.; and all other Protestants enumerated together, 9,863, or 2.81 per cent. of the population.

83

The most noticeable progress in the decade is shown by the Congregationalists, whose numbers were increased by 3,842, or 71.00 per cent. After them come the Methodists, with an addition in the period of 15,884, or 67.07 per cent. of their numbers. Then the Church of England, with an increase of 69,285, or 43.31 per cent.; and the Presbyterians, 14,430, or 41.59 per cent. [Progress in the decennial period.]

84

Of the 147,627 persons returned in 1871 as " Catholics, " 145,932, or 28.95 per cent. of the population, were Roman Catholics ; 1,695, or 0.34 per cent. gave themselves as " Catholics, " without further explanation. ["Catholics" comparison with 1861.]

The latter were not separately enumerated in 1861. Leaving them out in 1871, we have an addition to the numbers of the Roman Catholics of 46,739 or 47.12 per cent. in the decennial period.

85

Taking the principal religious classifications only, the following table will show at a glance the distribution of the population at this and at the preceding Census. [Distribution of the population in 1861 and 1871.]

Denominations.1861.1871.Difference between the two periods.
In every 10,000 persons.In every 10,000 persons.In every 10000 persons.
Church of England4,5594,54910 decrease
Presbyterians98997514 decrease
Methodists675785110 increase
Congregationalists15418329 increase
Other Protestants28119190 decrease
Protestants Undescribed5151 increase
Roman Catholics2,8272,89568 increase
Catholics undescribed3434 increase
Hebrews50482 decrease
Other or unspecified persuasions9714144 increase
Pagans368148220 decrease

86

With the exception of the Congregationalists, all the denominations enumerated show an excess of males over females. [Proportion of sexes.]

For theProtestantsthere is an increase in the proportion of females, during the period 1861-1871, from 7,816 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 8,241 females to every 10,000 males in 1871.

TheCatholics, on the contrary, show a decrease in the proportion of females, from 9,413 to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 9,359 in 1871.

TheHebrewsshow an increase from

*

Here again the proportion in every 10,000 shows a large excess over the numbers actually in the Colony. If necessary it can, of course, be easily reduced.

6,409 females to every 10,000 males in 1861, to 7,481 in 1871.

The proportion of sexes of the different sects enumerated in 1871 was as follows—

  1. Church of England 8,075 females to every 10,000 males.

  2. Presbyterians 8,233 females to every 10,000 males.

  3. Wesleyan Methodists 9,694 females to every 10,000 males.

  4. Other Methodists 8,892 females to every 10,000 males.

  5. Congregationalists 10,028 females to every 10,000 males.

  6. Baptists 9,120 females to every 10,000 males.

  7. Unitarians 4,921 females to every 10,000 males.

  8. Other Protestants 4,734 females to every 10,000 males.

  9. Protestants undescribed 5,881 females to every 10,000 males.

  10. Roman Catholics 9,368 females to every 10,000 males.

  11. Catholics undescribed 8,585 females to every 10,000 males.

  12. Hebrews 7,481 females to every 10,000 males.

  13. Other persuasions 7,022 females to every 10,000 males.

  14. Unspecified persuasions 5,266 females to every 10,000 males.

  15. Pagans 232 females to every 10,000 males.

87

Tables Nos. 32 and 33 relate to the percentage and the proportion of sexes of the urban and the rural population, as regards the different denominations, at the Census of 1871. [Urban and rural parts of the Colony.]

They show that of every 10,000 of the urban population, 6,923 were classed under the head of " Protestants, " 2,794 under the head of " Catholics, " 91 were " Hebrews, " leaving a residue of 192, of whom 48 were " Pagans. " Of every 10,000 of the rural population, 6,558 were " Protestants, " 3,062 " Catholics, " 10 " Hebrews, " leaving a residue of 370, of whom 235 were " Pagans. "

The percentage of theProtestants, as regards the total population, is therefore proportionately larger in the towns than in the country ; that of theCatholics, on the contrary, smaller. TheHebrewsflourish more in the urban than in the rural parts ; and thePagansare greatly in excess in the rural parts, where they are represented by the Chinese on the Gold Fields.

OCCUPATIONS.

88

The compilation of this portion of the returns was attended with unusual difficulties. [Difficulties attending the compilation.]

Notwithstanding the special instructions issued to the Enumerators, and the explanations printed on the Householder's schedule, there are many reasons why the information obtained could not be perfect.

89

In the first place, as it was only possible to returnoneoccupation for each individual, how were those who followtwoand in many cases,severaloccupations, to be dealt with? The same person may be a Member of Parliament, a merchant, a land proprietor, and a grazier ; another an innkeeper and a farmer. Many of the gold-miners are also proprietors or occupiers of land ; and in the seaport towns most of the fishermen occasionally work on land as mechanics, wharf labourers, &c. Then there are others, forming an important part of the working class in this Country, who in the shearing season would be employed as station hands, and might at the time of the year when the Census was taken have been doing " job work " as miners, carriers, labourers on the roads, &c. [Persons following two or more occupations.]

To overcome the difficulty as much as possible, it was determined to enumerate only the principal occupation followed, that is, the one from which each person was chiefly deriving his incomeon the 2nd April ;and the results, if they do not correctly show the importance of the various pursuits of the people, will at least sufficiently illustrate it for all purposes of comparison, by correctly giving the numberschieflydepending upon each branch of industry.

90

The tabulators employed in extracting from the schedules, found some difficulty in correctly subdividing the labour, more especially with regard to the trading and agricultural classes. The distinction between masters and servants was rendered an arduous task by the neglect of a great many to state whether they were employers of labour, and by the failure of others to make any specification that would have enabled the distinction being made, because, although not servants themselves, they nevertheless were not employers. [Subdivision of labour.]

In some cases, such as for instance with innkeepers, publicans, &c., and those employed by them, it was often found impossible to distinguish the employers from the employed, who were therefore classed all under one head, as " employed in the Distribution of Food or Drinks, " &c.

In the classification of labour amongst females the importance of dividing the skilled from the unskilled was kept in view ; and in order not to over-estimate the numbers of those employed in the different classes, all females who were not clearly stated to be assisting in any of the trades, &c., irrespectively of age, and whether employed in house work or not, were classed under the one head of " Domestic Duties. "

91

To render the information as useful as it might be, it would no doubt have been desirable to have extended the inquiry to a return of the number of persons of each sex in each occupation, at different periods of age. But such an undertaking would have required too great an expenditure of time and money, and, with the means at our disposal, it was found necessary to confine the investigation to its present state. Still, considering the improvement in the mode of classification, the extra pains taken to assist the tabulators and to supply omissions or correct evident errors of nomenclature, I am satisfied that the results, such as they are, show a marked progress on former attempts. [Additional work required to complete the information.]

92

The whole of the population has been arranged in thirteen classes, each of which is distinguished by the character of its occupations, and is further divided into sub-classes, embracing the most important branches coming under each order. [Classification of the population.]

Without in all cases referring to the latter, about which sufficient information will be found in the tables prepared, I will briefly summarize the results obtained in each of the principal classes.

Class I, " Learned and Educated Professions, " includes the clergy, the law, the medical body, and other educated professions. It numbers 5,861 persons, 3,951 males and 1,910 females, and comprises 1.16 per cent. of the population. [Learned and educated.]

Class II embraces the whole of the Government Service, and numbers 3,472 persons, namely, 3,307 males and 165 females, or about 0.69 per cent. of the population. [Government Service.]

By including in one group all those coming under the designation of "Government Officers," whether lawyers, surveyors, engineers, skilled workers, or labourers, the numbers of the corresponding classes in which they would otherwise have been enumerated

have been necessarily weakened ; but this classification has the advantage of showing the distribution of the Public Servants throughout the Country.

Class III refers to the whole of the commercial part of the community, and includes 11,538 persons, of whom 10,278 are males and 1,260 females. It embraces 2.29 per cent. of the population. [Commercial.]

Class IV, under the head of "Personal Offices," embodies all those who are directly engaged in the production or distribution of food or drinks. It numbers 7,527 males and 953 females, in all 8,480 persons, or about 1.68 per cent. of the population. [Personal offices.]

Class V is a very numerous one, and includes, in addition to those who are engaged in household duties, persons returned as of independent means, such as annuitants, &c., all infants, and, excluding those employed as apprentices, or in some other capacity in any trade, &c., all children under 15, whether at school or at home. Its subdivisions are important. The first refers to those engaged in domestic duties, children at home, &c., and numbers 49,453 males and 150,070 females, in all 199,523 persons, or 39.59 per cent. of the population ; the second, to "Persons of Independent Means," and comprises 3,081 persons, 1,916 males and 1,165 females, together 0.61 per cent. of the population ; the third, to all children under tuition, either at home or at school, numbering 47,169 males and 45,709 females, or 92,878 persons, that is, 18.43 per cent. of the population. To these scholars under tuition, I shall have occasion to refer in the "Education" part of this Report. [Domestic.]

The whole class numbers 295,482 persons, namely, 98,538 males and 196,944 females, and forms nearly 58.63 per cent. of the population.

Class VI, "Land," embraces all persons engaged in Agricultural or Pastoral pursuits, and numbers 64,929 persons, viz., 62,902 males and 2,027 females, or 12.88 per cent. of the population. ["Land."]

To this class there are six subdivisions : thefirst, comprising Agricultural Farmers and all those working under them, numbers 43,805 persons, namely, 42,469 males and 1,336 females, or 8.69 per cent. of the population.

Thesecondincludes Sheep Farmers, Stockholders, Graziers, &c., and all those assisting them, and numbers 17,835 persons, namely, 17,169 males and 666 females, or about 3.54 per cent. of the population.

Thethirdrelates to Horticulture, and embraces 2,984 persons, viz., 2,962 males and 22 females, or 0.59 per cent. of the population.

Thefourthto Wine-growing, and numbers 246 persons, viz., 244 males and 2 females, or 0.05 per cent. of the population.

Thefifthto Sugar-growing, and comprises 59 persons, 58 males and 1 female, or about 0.01 per cent. of the population.

The further subdivision of the "Pastoral" class, in order to distinguish the sheep-owners and their assistants from those principally interested in cattle, must only be taken as giving an approximate of the respective numbers. There are too many concerned in both branches to allow of a correct division being arrived at.

It should also be noticed that the numbers of those employed on sheep-stations or in vineyards would have been considerably strengthened had the Census been taken in the shearing season or during the vintage time.

Class VII numbering 18,529 persons, all males, or nearly 3.68 per cent. of the population, refers to Mining, and embraces three sub-divisions. The miners in gold number 16,261, or 3.23 per cent. of the population, those working in other metals, copper, tin, &c., 118, or 0.02 per cent. of the population ; and the coal-miners, 2,150, or 3.23 per cent. of the population.

The six sub-classes contained in Class VIII give a correct estimate of the numbers of our skilled workmen, whether masters or servants. They amount in the aggregate to 28,246, namely, 24,011 males and 4,235 females, and form over 5.60 per cent. of the population.

Class IX, "Unskilled labour," embraces 41,762 persons, or about 8.28 per cent. of the population. It includes, for the males, 19,030 labourers working on the roads, &c., and 6,711 domestic servants ; and for the females, 16,021 domestic servants, the labourers representing 3.77 per cent., and the domestic servants 4.51 per cent. of the population.

Class X refers to all "Mariners," and numbers 4,520 males, or about 0.90 per cent. of the population.

Class XI, to those receiving public support gratuitously, such as persons in Asylums, or prisoners in Gaols, and includes 4,273 persons, 3,198 males and 1,075 females, or about 0.85 per cent. of the population.

Class XII takes in sundry occupations which did not properly belong to any of the other classes, such as cabmen, carriers, or draymen, who are not hired servants, actors, street musicians, &c. There are 11,275 persons so classed, 8,638 males and 2,637 females, amounting together to 2.24 per cent. of the population.

Class XIII includes the residue of the population, or about 1.12 per cent. It numbers 5,614 persons, that is, 4,411 males and 1,203 females, and relates to all adults whose occupation was not stated.

93

Taking the sexes separately, the proportion in which each class stands to the total population is, for the males :— [Proportion that each class bears to the total population. Males and females separately.]

In every 10,000 males.
Learned and educated professions143
Government Service120
Commercial373
Personal offices273
Domestic3,576
Land Agricultural1,541
Land Pastoral623
Land Horticultural108
Land Wine-growing9
Land Sugar-growing2
Total2,283
Mining In gold590
Mining in other metals5
Mining in coal78
Total673
Skilled workers872
Unskilled workers Labourers691934
Unskilled workers Domestic Servants243
Mariners164
Persons in Asylums, Gaols, &c.116
Miscellaneous occupations313
Occupations not stated160

And for the females :—

In every 10,000 females.
Learned and educated professions84
Government Service7
Commercial55
Personal offices42
Domestic8,622
Land89
Skilled workers (needlewomen)185
Unskilled workers (domestic servants)701
Persons in Asylums, Gaols, &c.47
Miscellaneous occupations115
Occupations not stated53

And the relative proportion that the numbers of each sex bear to one another, in each of the thirteen classes, is as follows :—

To every 10,000 males.
Learned and educated professions4834 females
Government Service499
Commercial1,226
Personal offices1,266
Domestic19,986
Land322
Miningnil
Skilled workers1,764
Unskilled workers Labourersnil
Unskilled workers Domestic Servants, 23,8736,224
Marinersnil
Persons in Asylums, Gaols, &c.3,361
Miscellaneous occupations3,053
Occupations not stated2,750

94

The classification adopted on this occasion differs materially from that under which the Occupations were grouped in 1861 ; hence a considerable difficulty in comparing the results. A special return will be found, however (table No. 46) carefully prepared to show the chief points of comparison, which clearly summarizes the progress of the principal orders of Occupations in the last decennial period. [Comparison with last Census.]

From this return it will be seen that between the years 1861 and 1871, the "Clergy" increased by 178 persons, or 54.43 per cent. of their number. The "Law" by 157, or 36.34 per cent. of their number ; the "Medical Body" by 110, or 21.60 per cent. of their number. Under the head of "Literature, Arts, and Sciences," there is an important increase of 1,539 persons, or 59.56 per cent. To the "Government Service" there is an addition of 1,188 persons, or 52.01 per cent. But in 1861 there were no females returned in the class ; and on the other hand, the numbers included the British Infantry then in the Colony.

"Trade and Commerce" shows an increase of 3,078 persons, or 36.38 per cent., whilst to the numbers of those employed in the production or distribution of food or drinks, only 1,128, or 15.34 per cent. were added. But in this last class there is a great discrepancy between the number of females returned at both periods—5,666 in 1861, and 1,336 in 1871. In explanation of this, it should be stated that in 1861, most of the wives, daughters, &c., of those engaged in producing food or drinks were returned under the same classification as the latter, while in 1871, unless their occupation was clearly specified, they were considered as being engaged in "Domestic Duties." Leaving the females out, we have an increase to the male population so employed of 1,466, or 24.19 per cent. of their numbers.

The same observation may be made with regard to all items coming under the classification of "Land," in which, although the males show for the period a steady rate of increase, the general results—on account of the difference in the grouping of females in 1861 and 1871,—are unsatisfactory.

Thus, in "Agriculture," the increase in the ten years was 10,767, or 34.00 per cent. for the males, but by including both sexes, it is reduced to 6,437, or 17.23 per cent. For the different divisions coming under the designation of "Pastoral," there was an addition to the male population of 3,893, or 29.17 per cent., but taking both sexes together, it is only 3,328, or 22.94 per cent. In "Horticultural," including Wine and Sugar-growing (which were not separately enumerated in 1861), the increase of the Males was 1,326, or over 65.50 per cent., and of both sexes only 1,262, or about 59.40 per cent.

An important decrease will be found to have taken place in the period in the numbers of the Gold Miners, which fell from 20,365 in 1861 to 16,261 in 1871, a diminution of 4,104, or 20.15 per cent.

The greater attraction offered by the Mines in the neighbouring Colonies, which was the cause of the falling off in our mining population, has already been alluded to. As has been before stated, the majority of the miners who left were Chinese.

The number of those engaged in copper or tin mining increased from 38 in 1861 to 118 in 1871. It need hardly be added that these numbers have been greatly swelled since the Census of 1871 was taken.

The progress of our Coal trade is shown by an increase in the numbers of those employed in the mines, of 1,171 or 119.51 per cent. in the period.

To the skilled workers, 5,557 persons, or 24.70 per cent. of their numbers, were added. To the unskilled, exclusive of Domestic Servants, 5,983, or 45.86 per cent.

The number of Domestic Servants increased in the period by 5,062, or 28.65 per cent. ; the males, from 4,481 in 1861, to 6,711 in 1871, an addition of 2,230 or 49.77 per cent. to their numbers, and the females from 13,189 in 1861 to 16,021 in 1871, an addition of 2,832, or 21.47 per cent.

The rate of increase of the female servants in the decennial period was low if compared with the total increase of our population, and consequently the present demand for the class is greatly in excess of the supply.

The numbers of those engaged in housework, of young children, of persons of independent means, and of those whose occupations were not stated, were differently tabulated in 1861 and in 1871. Taken together they correspond. The four classes increased in the decade by 66,538 persons, or 46.96 per cent. of their numbers, namely, 14,059 or 33.69 per cent. for the males, and 52,479 or 52.50 per cent. for the females.

For the scholars under tuition, whether at home or at school, the increase was 46,925, or 102.12 per cent. The rate of increase was very nearly the same for both sexes, 103.05 per cent. for the males, and 101.11 per cent. for the females.

Under the head of "Miscellaneous Occupations" there is an increase of 3,865 persons or 33.10 per cent., if the needlewomen are included at both periods. These, however, will be found classed in the returns for 1871 as "skilled workers."

The class comprising persons receiving public support gratuitously is credited with an increase of 2,260 persons, or 112.27 per cent., namely, 2,064 or 182.01 per cent. for the males, and 196 or 22.29 per cent. for the females ; but I doubt whether the classification under this head was in 1861 the same as ours.

EDUCATION.

95

The last part of the returns, to which I have now to refer, gives some of the most interesting results obtained from the facts elicited at the Census. [Importance of this part of the returns.]

That great care was taken to supply correct information on the point is shown by the fact that it was not necessary to reserve in the Tables a special column for those who omitted to give the particulars required of them. The few instances of omissions were generally in the case of infants, whose state of education it was probably thought useless to specify.

The returns only refer to the degree of primary education of the people. They will be found valuable as a supplement to the statistics issued by the Council of Education.

96

For all ages up to thirty the items are tabulated in quinquennial periods ; above that age and under fifty, in decennial periods. All persons over fifty years of age are grouped together. [Grouping of ages.]

The year twenty-twenty-one is given separately, to allow of a distinction being made between those under and over twenty-one years of age.

97

Taking the total population on the 2nd April, 1871, there were, at that date, 296,741 persons who could read and write, 56,391 who could read only, and 150,849 who could neither read nor write. [Numbers of the population in 1871 who could read and write, read only, or could neither read nor write.]

These numbers, however, include children under five years of age.

98

In order to arrive at a proper estimate of our standard of education, we will take into account only the specified ages over five. We thus have a total of 420,924 persons, of whom 296,024 or 70.33 per cent. can read and write, 54,477 or 12.94 per cent. can read only, and 70,423 or 16.73 per cent. can neither read nor write. [All specified ages over 5.]

Of the specified male population over five years of age, 164,986 or 70.77 per cent. can read and write, 26,414 or 11.33 per cent. can read only, and 41,730 or 17.90 per cent. can neither read nor write.

Of the specified female population over five years of age, 131,038 or 69.78 per cent. can read and write, 28,063 or 14.94 per cent. can read only, and 28,693 or 15.28 per cent. can neither read nor write.

By the above figures it would appear that, although the proportion of the male population who can read and write exceeds by nearly 1 per cent. that of the female population, the percentage of females who can neither read nor write is actually less by 2.62 than that of the males ; the difference being made up in the proportion of both sexes who could read only.

99

But the proportion of the totally uneducated amongst the males, as it is given above, includes the Chinese population and the settled Aborigines, and is thereby greatly enlarged. [Specified ages over 5, excluding Chinese and settled Aborigines.]

Tables 38, 39, and 40 have been prepared to show the distribution of the population, as regards education, inclusively and exclusively of the Chinese and Aborigines.

Disregarding these, we arrive at a total population of all specified ages over 5, of 413,155 persons, of whom 295,996 or 71.64 per cent. can read and write, 54,401, or 13.17 per cent. can read only, and 62,758 or 15.19 per cent. can neither read nor write.

Taking the sexes separately, we have for the males, 164,959 of 78.18 per cent. who can read and write, 26.341 or 11.08 per cent. who can read only, and 34,258 or 15.19 per cent. who can neither read nor write, and for the females, 131,037 or 69.85 per cent. who can read and write, 28,060 or 14.96 per cent. who can read only, and 28,500 or 15.19 per cent. who can neither read nor write.

So that while the percentage of the wholly uneducated is exactly the same for both sexes, the proportion of those of the males who can read and write is larger, and of those who can read only less by 3.28 per cent. than that of the females.

100

At the educable age, that is between 5 and 15 years, the population numbers 128,145 persons, of whom 68,683 or 53.60 per cent. can read and write, 26,860 or 20.96 per cent. can read only, and 32,602 or 25.44 per cent. can neither read nor write. [Educable ages, 5-15.]

Of the males between those ages, 34,009 or 52.39 per cent. can read and write, 13,902 or 21.42 per cent. can read only, and 17,000 or 26.19 per cent. can neither read nor write.

Of the females, 34,674 or 54.84 per cent. can read and write, 12,958 or 20.49 per cent. can read only, and 15,602 or 24.67 per cent. can neither read nor write.

101

In the Part referring to the Occupations of the people, there are 92,878 persons returned as "scholars under tuition," either at school or at home, and who, it may therefore be presumed, are able, if not to read and write, at any rate to read. Of these, 47,169 are males and 45,709 females. We will assume that none of these exceed the age of 15, and deducting from their numbers those of the young children under 5 years who were stated to be either able to read and write, or to read only, namely 1,073 males and 1,088 females, we have at the period of age 5-15, 90,717 children, namely 46,096 males and 44,621 females, who are actually under tuition. [Proportion of children at the educable ages who are receiving tuition either at home or at school.]

This leaves us with a balance of population between 5 and 15 of 37,428, that is 18,815 males and 18,613 females, who are not receiving any education. Most of these are employed in assisting in the culture of the land, &c., or as apprentices in trades. The remainder are at home doing nothing. I am not able to give the exact number of the latter, as the occupations were not classed according to ages ; but it is gratifying to find that 70.79 per cent. of the children at the educable ages are actually receiving instruction. In this respect we bear favourable comparison with England, where in 1861 the percentage of children of between the ages of 5 and 15 who were returned as scholars under tuition was about 58.80.

102

Of the total number of children under five years of age, 295 or 0.36 per cent. were returned as being able to read and write. Of these, 154 are males and 141 females, and 1,866 or 2.28 per cent. are returned as able to read only, namely, 919 males and 947 females ; 97.36 per cent. of the population under five years, that is 97.42 per cent. of the males and 97.30 per cent. of the females, as unable to read or write. [Children under 5.]

103

At the age of fifteen and upwards, the population, still excluding the Chinese and Aborigines, numbers 285,010 persons, of whom 227,313 or 79.76 per cent. can read and write, 27,541 or 9.67 per cent. can read only and 30,156 or 10.57 per cent. can neither read nor write ; and taking the sexes separately, we have for the males 130,950 or 81.52 per cent. who can read and write, 12,439 or 7.74 per cent. who can read only, and 17,258 or 10.74 per cent. who can neither read nor write ; and for the females, 96,363 or 77.49 per cent. who can read and write, 15,102 or 12.14 per cent. who can read only, and 12,898 or 10.37 per cent. who can neither read nor write. [Adults—15 and upwards.]

Summarizing the principal periods of age just alluded to, we find that whilst over the age of fifteen the males are in advance of the females in point of education, under that age the females have the advantage, perhaps because boys are more often called away to the labours of the field or the workshop than are girls to the lighter duties of the household.

The following table will show the proportion that the numbers of the educated and uneducated of either sex bear to one another, at the three periods of age enumerated.

Including Chinese and settled Aborigines.Exclusive of Chinese and settled Aborigines.
Read and Write.Read only.Cannot read.Read and Write.Read only.Cannot read.
Females to every 10,000 males.Females to every 10,000 males.Females to every 10,000 males.Females to every 10,000 males.Females to every 10,000 males.Females to every 10,000 males.
All ages7,93410,6078,2357,93610,6439,046
Under 5 years9,15610,3059,6729,15610,3059,672
5 and under 1510,1959,3199,14910,1959,3219,178
15 and upwards7,35712,0745,3047,35812,1417,474

104

Taking together the Chinese and the settled Aborigines, there are of the total number 35 or 0.42 per cent. who can read and write, 99 or 1.21 per cent. who can read only, and 8,069 or 98.37 per cent. who can neither read nor write. [Chinese and settled Aborigines.]

105

I will now compare the results of this Census with those of the preceding one, in order to show the progress of education in New South Wales, in the decade. [Comparison with 1861.]

As no distinction was made for Chinese, &c., in 1861, the results must be taken to include, at both periods, the whole of the population.

It should also be borne in mind, that in the tables for 1861 there were over 6,600 persons returned as of unspecified ages, nearly 6,300 of whom could neither read nor write. In 1871 there were only 213 unspecified, and of these 110 could neither read nor write. Had it been possible to tabulate these numbers at the different periods of age to which they belong, the percentage of increase of the educated in the ten years would have been considerably higher, and that of the uneducated proportionately lower than the figures quoted hereafter show them to be.

106

Leaving out the children under 5, the numbers of those who could read and write increased in the decennial period by 57.25 per cent., that is, 49.51 per cent. for the males and 68.22 per cent. for the females ; the numbers of those who could read only, by 18.49 per cent., or 21.23 per cent. for the males and 16.03 per cent. for the females ; and of those who could neither read nor write, by 30.02 per cent., or 31.16 per cent. for the males and 28.38 per cent. for the females. [All specified, ages, 5 years and upwards.]

1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Read and write6,5276,7316,2607,0337,0776,978
Read only1,5951,3291,9941,2441,1331,494
Cannot read1,8781,9401,7961,6731,7901,528

The difference in 1871 is, therefore, an addition in every 10,000 of 506 to the numbers who can read and write, namely, 346 for the males and 718 for the females, and a reduction of 301 in every 10,000 from the numbers who can read only, that is, 196 for the males and 450 for the females ; while the numbers who can read only are reduced by 205 in every 10,000, or 150 for the males and 268 for the females.

107

At the period of age 5-10 the improvement in the education of the children is clearly exhibited. Thus, there was between those ages an addition in the decade of 149.42 per cent. to the numbers who could read and write, that is, 146.75 per cent. for the males and 152.15 per cent. for the females, while for those who could read only the increase was but 41.65 per cent., namely 49.54 per cent. for the males and 34.15 per cent. for the females ; and for those who could neither read nor write it was 46.81 per cent., or 47.78 per cent. for the males and 45.81 per cent. for the females. [5 and under 10.]

Between these ages, the proportion at the two periods was, in every 10,000—

1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Read and write2,3552,3782,3313,4703,4143,527
Read only3,2893,2033,3752,7522,7872,717
Neither read norwrite4,3564,4194,2943,7783,7993,756

And the progress in 1871 is shown by anadditionof 1,115 in every 10,000 to the numbers who can read and write, namely, 1,036 for the males and 1,196 for the females, while for those who can read only there is areductionof 537 in every 10,000, that is, 416 for the males and 658 for the females ; and for those who can neither read nor write is areductionof 578 in every 10,000, or 620 for the males and 538 for the females.

108

Between 10 and 15 years of age the increase of the numbers in the decade was at the rate of 82.86 per cent. for those who could read and write, that is, 83.05 per cent. for the males and 82.68 per cent. for the females, while those who could read only did not increase by more than 12.57 per cent. of their numbers, that is, 18.47 per cent. for the males and 6.67 per cent. for the females, and those who could neither read nor write increased by 22.14 per cent. of their numbers, or 19.39 for the males and 26.03 for the females. [10 and under 15.]

At the same period of age the proportion in every 10,000 was—

1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Read and write6,7696,5796,9647,6667,4757,861
Read only1,8541,8291,8791,2921,3461,238
Neither read nor write1,3771,5921,1571,0421,179901

And the difference in 1871 is anadditionto the numbers who can read and write of 897 in every 10,000, that is, 896 for the males and 897 for the females, areductionof 562 in every 10,000, from the numbers who can read only, namely 483 for the males and 641 for the females, and areductionof 335 in every 10,000 from the numbers who can neither read nor write, that is, 413 for the males and 256 for the females.

109

Uniting the two periods of age just referred to, we have, between the ages of 5 and 15, the following proportion of the three classes in every 10,000 :— [5 and under 15.]

1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Read and write4,3934,3294,4565,3585,2355,483
Read only2,6262,5652,6892,0952,1402,050
Cannot read2,9813,1062,8552,5472,6252,467

Which gives, in 1871, anadditionto the numbers who can read and write of 965 in every 10,000 ; that is, 906 for the males and 1,027 for the females ; for those who can read only, areductionof 531 in every 10,000, or 425 for the males and 639 for the females ; and for those who can neither read or write, areductionof 434 in every 10,000, namely, 481 for the males and 388 for the females.

110

At the age of 15 and upwards we find that, while the numbers of those who could read and write increased at a steady rate in the decade, those who could read only, or who could neither read nor write, actually decreased in numbers at most of the periods of age under which they are grouped. [15 and upwards.]

Thus, at the period of age 15-20, there was in the ten years an increase of 36.53 per cent. to the numbers who could read and write, while the numbers of those who could read only decreased by 14.22 per cent., and of those who could neither read nor write, by 4.07 per cent. [15-20.]

At the period of age 20-25 the increase to the numbers who could read and write was 40.87 per cent., while those who could read only decreased by 19.36 per cent., and those who could neither read nor write, by 19.01 per cent. of their numbers. [20-25.]

At the period of age 25-30 there was an increase of 38.74 per cent. to the numbers who could read and write ; a decrease of 16.16 per cent. for those who could read only, and of 4.29 per cent. for those who could neither read nor write. [25-30.]

Between the years 30-40 the results are different. Most of the Chinese in the Colony in 1861 belonged to this period of age, so that the majority of the 6,288 uneducated of unspecified ages should have been tabulated in the group. In 1871 they are classed in their proper place, consequently the results of the comparison between the two years are not to be relied upon, for they show an apparent increase to the numbers of those who could neither read nor write of 57.10 per cent., and of 18.98 per cent. for those who could read only, while those who could read and write only increased by 55.53 per cent. of their numbers. [30-40.]

At the period 40-45 there was an increase of 38.25 per cent. for those who could read and write, a decrease of 1.09 per cent. for those who could read only, and an increase of 17.95 per cent. for those who could not read or write. [40-50.]

At the age of 50 and upwards there is no great improvement in the decade. The numbers of those who could read and write increased by 80.99 per cent., of those who could read only by 66.91 per cent., and of those who could neither read nor write, by 50.01 per cent. [50 and upwards.]

Tables 34, 35, and 36 will more fully illustrate the comparison.

Taking the total population aged 15 and upwards, and including in 1861 and in 1871 the numbers of the unspecified, we arrive at a more correct estimate of the progress attained in the decade. [All ages—15 and upwards.]

We thus have for all persons of 15 years of age or more an addition to the numbers who could read and write of 32.14 per cent. in the decade, while those who could read only increased by 7.63 per cent., and those who could neither read nor write, only by 2.65 per cent. of their numbers.

This give a proportion in every 10,000 of—

1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Read and write7,1017,1297,0587,7547,7727,726
Read only1,1819001,6109417421,211
Neither read nor write1,7181,9711,3321,3051,4861,063

So that taking all ages, 15 and upwards, the improvement in 1871 is shown by an addition of 653 in every 10,000 who can read and write, namely, 643 for the males and 668 for the females, by a reduction of 240 in every 10,000 who can read only, that is, 158 for the males and 399 for the females, and by a reduction of 413 in every 10,000 who can neither read nor write, or 485 for the males and 269 for the females.

111

A comparison between the standard of education in the urban and in the rural parts of the Colony is necessary to complete this inquiry. [Education in the urban and in the rural parts.]

The country districts, which, before the passing of the "Public Schools Act," were lamentably deficient in this respect, have since improved at a remarkable rate. It would have been interesting to have traced this progress by a contrast with the results of the Census

of 1861 ; but the division of the urban from the rural parts in that year differed entirely, as I have already explained, from the one adopted on this occasion, precluding the possibility of any reliable comparison being drawn. I am, therefore, compelled to confine this part of the inquiry to an analysis of the state of education in the Towns and in the Country Districts at the Census of 1871.

This may be briefly summarized in the following Return :—

Urban.Rural.Difference in the Towns.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.
Under 5 years—
Read and write495741252030243711
Read only270269271191179204799067
Neither read nor write9,6819,6749,6889,7849,8019,766103 less127 less278 less
5 and under 15—
Read and write6,5616,4956,6244,3314,2134,4582,2302,2822,166
Read only1,8011,8401,7632,3472,3832,307546 less543 less544 less
Neither read nor write1,6381,6651,6133,3223,4043,2351684 less1739 less1622 less
15 and upwards—
Read and write8,4428,6498,2317,1457,1497,1401,2971,5001,091
Read only7445009931,1299261,477385 less426 less484 less
Neither read nor write8148517761,7261,9251,383912 less1074 less607 less

Thus, at the educable ages between 5 and 15 years, the proportion of those who can read and write is in excess of 2,230 in every 10,000, and at the age of 15 and upwards it is in excess of 1,297 in the Urban parts.

112

In the Metropolitan District, that is, including Sydney and Suburbs, the standard of primary education is, on account of the greater facilities offered, much higher than in other parts of the Colony. The following statement will give the proportion of the three classes in the Metropolis :— [Sydney and Suburbs.]

Under 5 years.5 and under 15.15 and upwards.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.In every 10,000.
Read and write5570406,6996,6256,7738,6629,0068,351
Read only2502502481,7551,7931,718712452948
Neither read nor write9,6959,6809,7121,5461,5821,509626542701

CONCLUSION.

113

Having now reviewed the most important facts brought out at the Census of 1871, it only remains for me to express a hope that the results may prove interesting to the public. I might have carried the inquiry further into the details of the tables, but at the risk of overcrowding the Report with figures, thus rendering the subject unintelligible to those unused to statistics.

Those who may have to refer to the returns will find most of the information condensed in the special tables immediately following.

114

Before I finally conclude, it is my pleasing duty to testify to the ability displayed by Mr. Charles Roberts (late of the Treasury), in the performance of the general duties which have devolved upon him, and in the preparation and compilation of the special tables which I now forward. The largest and most important portions of the work are the results of his labour, and it has been apparent from first to last that he possesses those qualifications which are essential to an undertaking of this nature.

I have the honor to be,

Sir,

Your obedient servant,

E. G. WARD,

Registrar General.

SUMMARY TABLES.

No. 1. POPULATION.—Return showing the Population of New South Wales, and its Increase or Decrease at different periods between the years 1821 and 1871.
Years.Population.* Increase or Decrease.
Persons.Males.Females.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
182129,78321,6938,090
182836,59827,6118,9876,8155,91889722.8827.2811.093.263.881.58
183360,86144,68816,17324,26317,0777,18666.2961.8579.9613.2612.3615.99
183677,09655,53921,55716,23510,8515,38426.6724.2933.298.898.0911.09
1841130,85687,29843,55853,76031,75922,00169.7357.18102.0613.9511.4320.41
1846189,609114,76974,84058,75327,47131,28244.8931.4771.828.976.2914.36
†1851187,243106,22981,0142,3668,5406,1741.257.448.250.251.481.65
decrease.decrease.decrease.decrease.decrease.decrease.
1856266,189147,091119,09878,94640,86238,08442.1638.4747.018.437.699.40
‡1861350,860198,488152,37284,67151,39733,27431.8134.9427.936.366.955.58
1871503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
[* In the columns headed "Increase or Decrease," throughout these tables, the figures should be taken to represent an increase, unless otherwise specified.] [† Separation of Port Phillip in 1851.] [‡ Separation of Queensland in 1859.]

NOTE.—In the columns headed "Increase or Decrease," the figures throughout the following tables should be taken to indicate the increase, unless followed by the word "decrease."

No.2., POPULATION.—Return showing the density of Population in the several Counties and Pastoral Districts, from the area of the Colony furnished by the Surveyor General.
Square milesPopulation.Number of Persons to 1 square mile.1871.
1856—1861.1856.1861.1856.1861.Square miles.Population.Number of Persons to 1 square mile.
Grand Total of the Colony271,635249,107348,9500.911.28305,988503,9811.64
COUNTIES.
Total of Counties39,872218,520281,4655.487.0540,117376,1709.37
Argyle1,9516,5219,7133.344.971,95112,3936.35
Bathurst1,8608,40912,0614.526.481,86018,0909.72
Bligh1,6836981,0940.410.651,6832,8571.69
Brisbane2,3442,3253,4810.991.482,3446,8302.91
Buccleugh (part of)See Pastoral Districts.
Camden2,18815,82122,7347.2310.392,18823,07610.55
Cook1,6654,3315,0322.603.021,6657,3984.44
Cowley (part of)See Pastoral Districts.
Cumberland1,586108,982124,67868.7178.611,586167,153105.39
Durham2,11710,44511,9974.935.672,11714,1416.68
Georgiana1,9241,8382,1630.951.121,9244,9302.56
Gloucester2,7874,5675,4641.641.962,7876,9282.49
Gordon (part of)1602771.72
Harden (part of)See Pastoral Districts.
Hunter2,0561,2511,3820.610.672,0561,6280.79
King1,7813,0973,8521.732.161,7816,1383.45
Lincoln (part of)861691.96
Macquarie2,2462,4054,3631.071.942,2465,9782.66
Murray2,2484,1296,0661.832.702,2477,4193.30
Northumberland2,34223,15231,2719.8813.352,34241,08217.54
Phillip1,6181,0511,6520.651.021,6186,3153.90
Roxburgh1,5195,6958,9323.755.881,51910,2136.72
St. Vincent2,7095,46211,5192.024.252,70915,6065.76
Wellington1,6566,24611,2893.776.821,65614,6218.83
Westmoreland1,5922,0952,7221.311.711,5922,9281.84
PASTORAL DISTRICTS.
Total of Pastoral Districts231,76330,58767,4850.130.29365,871127,8110.48
Albert30,0001602380.0156,8081,0050.02
Bligh13,0201,3532,2050.100.1712,1914,5770.38
Clarence9,7602,3595,1410.240.539,50914,1131.48
Darling50,0002799190.0225,1431,8590.07
The Gwydir11,0751,0112,0150.090.1812,4773,6560.29
The Lachlan22,8003,11914,8140.140.6539,41218,7050.47
Liverpool Plains16,9013,3136,3050.200.3716,63812,8240.77
Macleay3,1806571,3100.200.412,6884,9751.85
Monaro8,3354,9829,2350.591.119,89413,9971.41
The Murrumbidgee26,8976,30712,9380.230.4824,41125,0271.02
New England13,1005,5089,6760.420.7412,72616,8981.33
Warrego10,0002190.0025,8622,6500.10
Wellington16,6951,5392,4700.090.1518,1127,1120.39
Part of Counties Buccleugh, Cowley, and Harden (see above)Area included in Pastoral Districts413

The Returns for 1861 are exclusive of shipping (1910) persons. The difference affects the above Return very immaterially.

The total area of the Colony, as given by the Surveyor General, is 305992 square miles.

The area of several of the Counties was incorrectly given in 1856 and 1861, consequently causing errors in the computation. These have been corrected in the above Return.

No.3.POPULATION.—Return showing the Population in the Registry Districts, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the increase of the same in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Registry Districts.Population.Increase.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Total of the Registry Districts350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
Including the Shipping—Including the Shipping—
1,9101,8426849251624
Increase.Increasedecrease.
Sydney56,84027,65729,18376,15937,78538,37419,31910,1289,19131.1930.9531.383.123.103.14
or 177268,5699,157
deducting 1871 Shipping.
Balmain3,9471,8682,0796,8863,1913,6952,9391,3231,61674.4670.8277.737.457.087.77
Glebe3,7121,7481,9645,7212,7512,9702,0091,0031,00654.1557.3851.225.415.745.12
Newtown4,2362,0042,2326,6013,1443,4572,3651,1401,22555.8356.8854.885.585.695.49
Redfern and Botany6,7013,2773,42412,6216,2976,3245,9203,0202,90088.3492.1684.698.839.228.47
Paddington6,7943,1603,63411,4115,3176,0944,6172,1572,46067.9668.2667.696.806.836.77
Concord2,3561,2071,1493,5201,6671,8531,16446070449.4038.1161.274.943.816.13
St. George5,6472,8182,8298,4384,2324,2062,7911,4141,37749.4250.1748.674.945.024.87
St. Leonards3,4531,6861,7675,1262,5492,5771,67386381048.4551.1845.844.855.124.58
*Country Registry Districts255,264151,221104,043367,498208,618158,880112,23457,39754,83743.6537.4352.694.363.745.27
or 11142556,59854,827
deducting 1871 Shipping.

In 1861 the Shipping was not included in the Registry Districts.

[* Only the Total of the County Registry Districts is given, the alterations in their boundaries since the Census of 1861 preventing any comparison being drawn for each District separately.]
No. 4., POPULATION.—Return showing the proportion of Sexes in the Registry Districts, at the Census of 1861 and 1871 respectively.
Registry Districts.1861.1871.
Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
Total of the Registry Districts56.5743.4376.7654.6745.3382.89
Sydney48.6651.34105.5149.6150.39101.56
Balmain47.3352.67111.2946.3453.66115.79
Glebe47.0952.91112.3648.0951.91107.96
Newtown47.3152.69111.3747.6352.37109.95
Redfern and Botany48.9051.10104.4849.8950.11100.43
Paddington46.5153.49115.0046.5953.41114.61
Concord51.2348.7795.1947.3652.64111.15
St. George49.9050.10100.3950.1549.8599.38
St. Leonards48.8351.17104.8049.7350.27101.10
*Country Registry Districts59.2440.7668.8056.7643.2476.15
[* The alterations in the boundaries of the Registry Districts since 1861 prevent any comparison being drawn for each of the County Districts separately.]
No. 5., POPULATION.—Return showing the numbers and the proportion of Sexes in each of the Registry Districts, at the Census of 1871.
Registry Districts.Population.Proportion of Sexes.
Persons.Males.Females.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
Total of the 91 Registry Districts503,981275,551228,43054.6745.3382.89
1. Sydney76,15937,78538,37449.6150.39101.56
2. Balmain6,8863,1913,69546.3453.66115.79
3. Newtown6,6013,1443,45747.6352.37109.95
4. The Glebe5,7212,7512,97048.0851.92107.96
5. Redfern and Botany12,6216,2976,32449.8950.11100.42
6. Paddington11,4115,3176,09446.5953.41114.61
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No.5—continued.
Registry Districts.Population.Proportion of Sexes.
Persons.Males.Females.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
7. Concord3,5201,6671,85347.3652.64111.15
8. St. George8,4384,2324,20650.1549.8599.38
9. St. Leonards5,1262,5492,57749.7350.27101.09
10. Albury9,1905,4913,69959.7540.2567.36
11. Armidale9,7065,4484,25856.1343.8778.16
12. Balranald59141617570.3929.6142.07
13. Bathurst16,8609,4157,44555.8444.1579.07
14. Bega2,6511,3841,26752.2147.7991.54
15. Berrima4,5292,3712,15852.3647.6491.01
16. Binalong3,8652,2441,62158.0641.9472.23
17. Bombala2,8541,6521,20257.8842.1272.76
18. Bourke1,5081,09241672.4227.5838.09
19. Braidwood11,4226,5434,87957.2842.7274.56
20. Brisbane Water2,6071,4301,17754.8645.1482.30
21. Broulee3,7392,1741,56558.1541.8571.98
22. Camden4,0322,0901,94251.8348.1792.91
23. Campbelltown1,87093893250.1649.8499.36
24. Carcoar6,4113,9672,44461.8838.1261.61
25. Cassilis2,8381,8301,00864.4835.5255.08
26. Clarence Town1,00053546553.5046.5086.91
27. Cooma4,3832,4911,89256.8343.1775.95
28. Coonabarabran2,2191,34487560.5739.4365.10
29. Cowra1,39186252961.9738.0361.37
30. Deniliquin2,7141,77693865.4334.5752.81
31. Dubbo4,2892,6881,60162.6737.3359.56
32. Dungog1,9501,02992152.7747.2389.50
33. Eden1,21266554754.8645.1482.25
34. Forbes6,7094,0182,69159.8940.1166.97
35. Goulburn13,7567,3426,41453.3746.6387.36
36. Grafton8,9654,9863,97955.6144.3979.80
37. Gundagai4,6992,7301,96958.1041.9072.12
38. Hartley5,1652,8212,34454.6245.3883.09
39. Hay3,4552,4101,04569.7630.2443.36
40. Inverell2,3661,3521,01457.1542.8575.00
41. Kiama5,7502,9462,80451.2348.7795.18
42. Liverpool3,4932,1351,35861.1238.8863.60
43. M'Donald River62534528055.2044.8081.16
44. Macleay River4,9752,7392,23655.0644.9481.63
45. Maitland13,6706,8026,86849.7650.24100.97
46. Manning River5,1712,7802,39153.7646.2486.00
47. Menindee1,21091729375.7824.2231.95
48. Moama90156034162.1537.8560.89
49. Molong3,1671,9941,17362.9637.0458.82
50. Morpeth3,2891,6651,62450.6249.3897.53
51. Moulamein55741314474.1425.8634.86
52. Mudgee11,9017,7374,16465.0134.9953.82
53. Murrurundi4,1432,4391,70458.8741.1369.86
54. Muswellbrook and Merton3,6161,9261,69053.2746.7387.74
55. Newcastle18,6679,8458,82252.7447.2689.61
56. Nundle2,0681,33573364.5535.4554.90
57. Orange7,5864,2083,37855.4744.5380.27
58. Parramatta11,5516,3065,24554.5945.4183.17
59. Paterson2,5611,3561,20552.9547.0588.86
60. Patrick's Plains6,6993,4823,21751.9848.0292.39
61. Penrith5,3212,7392,58251.4748.5394.27
62. Picton2,2081,1841,02453.6246.3886.48
63. Port Macquarie2,1311,19493756.0343.9778.47
64. Port Stephens2,6591,4651,19455.1044.9081.50
65. Queanbeyan4,6752,5562,11954.6845.3282.90
66. Raymond Terrace3,0151,5811,43452.4447.5690.71
67. Richmond3,0831,5351,54849.7950.21100.84
68. Richmond River4,5282,7271,80160.2239.7866.04
69. Ryde2,8861,4561,43050.4549.5598.21
70. Rylstone2,1331,25787658.9341.0769.69
71. Scone3,7932,1241,66956.0044.0078.57
72. Shoalhaven4,7242,5012,22352.9447.0688.88
73. Sofala2,8211,83898365.1534.8553.47
74. Tambaroora3,2652,1711,09466.4933.5150.39
75. Tamworth6,8064,0832,72359.9940.0166.69
76. Tenterfield2,3491,38696359.0041.0069.48
77. Tumut3,3211,9631,35859.1140.8969.18
78. Tweed River44927717261.6938.3162.09
79. Ulladulla1,65287977353.2146.7987.94
80. Wagga Wagga5,9933,6482,34560.8739.1364.28
81. Walgett1,4451,04939672.5927.4137.75
82. Warialda3,6562,3811,27565.1234.8853.55
83. Wee Waa1,6991,12357666.1033.9051.29
84. Wellingrove2,6481,6381,01061.8538.1561.66
85. Wellington3,3541,9961,35859.5140.4968.04
86. Wentworth1,20073746361.4138.5962.82
87. Windsor4,9632,5042,45950.4549.5598.20
88. Wollombi1,95299595750.9749.0396.18
89. Wollongong5,6992,9132,78651.1148.8995.65
90. Yass6,6003,6122,98854.7345.2782.72
91. Young5,9243,6422,28261.4838.5262.66
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES,1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 6., POPULATION.mdah;Return showing the Population of the 57 Electorates, at the Census of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase of the same, in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Electorates.Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
57. Electorates348,950196,646152,304501,579273,193228,386152,62976,54776,08243.7438.9349.954.373.894.99
Add—Shipping1,9101,842682,4022,358444925162425.7628.0135.292.582.83.53
decreasedecreasedecrease
Totals of Colony350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
1. Argyle6,5833,5723,0119,3035,0954,2082,7201,5231,19741.3242.6439.754.134.263.97
2. Balranald2,0031,4985056,9344,8692,0654,9313,3711,560246.18225.03308.9124.6222.5030.89
3. Bathurst4,0422,1271,9155,0302,6112,41998848450424.4522.7526.322.442.272.63
4. The Bogan4,4873,0271,46012,1137,6554,4587,6264,6282,998169.95152.89205.3416.9915.2920.53
5. Braidwood8,1995,3602,83911,4226,5434,8793,2231,1832,04039.3122.0771.853.932.217.18
6. Camden10,3055,8634,4429,8785,1934,6854276702434.1411.435.470.411.140.54
decreasedecreasedecreasedecrease
7. Canterbury11,7406,1015,63918,7159,3639,3526,9753,2623,71359.4153.4765.845.945.356.58
8. Clarence5,1413,0252,11613,7607,8115,9498,6194,7863,833167.65158.21181.1416.7615.8218.11
9. Carcoar4,9953,5551,4407,4244,6022,8222,4291,0471,38248.6329.4595.974.862.949.60
10. Central Cumberland8,0764,4543,6228,9415,0073,93486555331210.7112.418.611.071.240.86
11. Eden4,3072,4731,8347,6024,2233,3793,2951,7501,54576.5070.7684.287.657.088.43
12. The Glebe7,1773,3703,80711,4945,3666,1284,3171,9962,32160.1559.2360.976.015.926.10
13. Goulburn3,2411,6861,5554,4532,2472,2061,21256165137.3933.2741.863.743.334.19
14. The Gwydir3,0102,1178936,6874,4582,2293,6772,3411,336122.16110.58149.6112.2111.0614.96
15. Hartley4,2322,3841,8487,2984,0783,2203,0661,6941,37272.4471.0674.247.247.117.42
16. The Hastings6,6973,5493,14812,1986,6375,5615,5013,0882,41382.1487.0176.658.218.707.66
17. The Hawkesbury6,8803,5833,2975,9903,0992,89189048440612.9313.5112.311.291.351.23
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecr.decrease
18. The Hume3,7712,4231,3489,1905,4913,6995,4193,0682,351143.70126.62174.4014.3712.6617.44
19. The Hunter5,6142,9842,6304,8842,4862,39873049823213.0016.698.821.301.670.88
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecreasedecrease
20. The Lower Hunter3,5351,8881,6473,0151,5811,43452030721314.7116.2612.931.471.631.29
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecreasedecrease
21. The Upper Hunter5,6143,2112,40312,4217,0575,3646,8073,8462,961121.25119.77123.2212.1211.9812.32
22. Illawarra6,0493,1462,9035,6812,8952,7863682511176.087.974.030.610.800.40
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecreasedecrease
23. Kiama5,4862,8722,6145,7502,9462,804264741904.812.577.260.480.260.73
24. Lachlan13,45010,1303,32014,4688,6555,8131,0181,4752,4937.5714.5675.090.761.467.51
decreasedecreasedecrease
25. Liverpool Plains5,5093,7081,80110,9966,7814,2155,4873,0732,41499.6082.87134.039.968.2913.40
26. East Macquarie9,8336,8133,02011,0166,6194,3971,1831941,37712.032.8545.591.200.284.56
decreasedecr.decr.
27. West Macquarie3,2011,8371,3643,6352,0231,61243418624813.5610.1218.181.361.011.82
28. East Maitland3,2651,7141,5513,4051,7421,663140281124.281.637.220.430.160.72
29. West Maitland5,6942,8412,8535,3812,5742,807313267465.499.391.610.550.940.16
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecreasedecrease
30. Monaro5,8883,7142,1747,2374,1433,0941,34942992022.9111.5542.322.291.154.23
31. Morpeth3,8741,9721,9023,2891,6651,62458530727815.1015.5714.611.511.561.46
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecr.decrease
32. Mudgee6,5784,3502,22811,9017,7374,1645,3233,3871,93680.9277.8686.898.097.798.69
33. The Murray2,3931,7446494,1722,7491,4231,7791,00577474.3457.62119.257.435.7611.92
34. The Murrumbidgee.3,8262,5291,2978,5095,1343,3754,6832,6052,078122.39103.00160.2112.2410.316.02
35. Narellan3,8341,9661,8682,7611,3901,3711,07357649727.9829.2926.612.802.932.66
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecr.decrease
36. The Nepean5,9843,2122,7725,3212,7392,58266347319011.0814.726.851.111.470.68
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecr.decrease
37. Newcastle3,7221,9331,7897,5813,7153,8663,8591,7822,077103.6892.18116.0910.379.2211.61
38. New England6,6303,9282,7029,7065,4484,2583,0761,5201,55646.3938.6957.584.643.875.76
39. Newtown6,0902,8813,20910,0194,8135,2063,9291,9321,99764.5167.0662.236.456.716.22
40. Northumberland4,2002,3321,86810,6425,6894,9536,4423,3573,085153.38143.95165.1515.3414.3916.51
41. Orange2,8921,6251,2677,5864,2083,3784,6942,5832,111162.31158.95166.6116.2315.8916.66
42. Paddington8,8324,1024,73915,1027,1237,9796,2703,0213,24970.9973.6468.697.107.366.87
43. Parramatta5,5772,7702,8076,1033,4342,6695266641389.4323.974.910.942.400.49
decreasedecr.decrease
44. The Paterson2,4401,2631,1772,5611,3561,20512193284.957.362.370.500.740.24
45. Patrick's Plains5,5843,1192,4656,6993,4823,2171,11536375219.9611.6430.511.991.163.05
46. Queanbeyan3,6122,0651,5474,6752,5562,1191,06349157229.4323.7736.972.942.383.70
47. Shoalhaven4,2962,2942,0026,3493,3542,9952,0531,06099347.7946.2149.604.784.624.96
48. St. Leonards5,5562,8112,7458,0124,0054,0072,4561,1941,26244.2042.4745.974.424.254.60
49. East Sydney28,89413,69915,19539,89718,85921,03811,0035,1605,84338.0837.6738.453.813.773.84
50. West Sydney27,50013,58613,91434,52617,20017,2367,0263,7043,32225.5527.2523.862.552.722.39
51. Tenterfield3,0461,8831,1637,3634,3762,9874,3172,4931,824141.72132.39156.8314.1713.2415.68
52. The Tumut4,6173,2291,3885,5043,2072,2978872290919.210.6865.481.920.076.55
decreasedecr.decr.
53. Wellington5,1243,7861,3387,5794,7112,8682,4559251,53047.9124.43114.344.792.4411.43
54. The Williams4,3232,3631,9605,5803,0002,5801,25763762029.0826.9631.632.912.703.16
55. Windsor2,8431,3691,4742,7971,3451,4524624221.621.751.490.160.170.15
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decreasedecr.decrease
56. Wollombi4,2342,3461,8884,4242,3462,0781901904.490.0010.060.450.001.01
57. Yass Plains4,4252,4641,9616,6003,6122,9882,1751,1481,02749.1546.5952.374.914.665.24
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 7.,POPULATION.—Return showing the Population of the Counties and Pastoral Districts, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase or Decrease of the same in the Decennial period 1861-1871.
Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Grand Total of the Colony350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
Including the Shipping—Including the Shipping—
1,9101,8426849251624
increaseincreaseIncrease
COUNTIES.
Total of Counties.281,465151,595129,870376,583198,814177,76995,11847,21947,89933.7931.1536.883.383.113.69
Argyle9,7135,1974,51612,3936,5885,8052,6801,3911,28927.5926.7628.542.762.682.85
Bathurst12,0617,2584,80318,09010,1367,9546,0292,8783,15149.9839.6565.605.003.966.56
Bligh1,0947143802,8571,8819761,7631,167596161.15163.44156.8416.1116.3415.68
Brisbane3,4811,9481,5336,8303,7733,0573,3491,8251,52496.2093.6899.419.629.379.94
Buccleugh (part of)221210221210
Camden22,73412,34210,39223,07611,92811,1483424147561.503.357.270.150.330.72
decrease.decrease.decrease.
Cook5,0322,6482,3847,3983,9103,4882,3661,2621,10447.0147.6546.304.704.764.63
Cowley (part of)1971079019710790
Cumberland124,67861,65063,028167,15383,29083,86342,47521,64020,83534.0735.1033.053.403.513.30
Durham11,9976,3675,63014,1417,4846,6572,1441,1171,02717.8717.5318.241.791.751.82
Georgiana2,1631,4227414,9302,9491,9812,7671,5271,240127.92107.38167.3412.7910.7416.73
Gloucester5,4642,9582,5066,9283,7563,1721,46479866626.7926.9726.972.682.702.66
Gordon (part of)277144133277144133
Harden (part of)1941098519410985
Hunter1,3827736091,6288517772467816817.8010.0927.581.781.012.76
King3,8522,2131,6396,1383,4272,7112,2861,2141,07259.3454.8565.405.935.486.54
Lincoln (part of)1691105916911059
Macquarie4,3632,2952,0685,9783,2232,7551,61592868737.0140.4333.223.704.043.32
Murray6,0663,4192,6477,4194,0433,3761,35362472922.3018.2527.542.231.822.75
Northumberland31,27116,64814,62341,08221,20219,8809,8114,5545,25731.3727.3535.953.142.733.59
Phillip1,6529646886,3154,2562,0594,6633,2921,371282.26341.49199.2728.2334.1519.93
Roxburgh8,9326,1122,82010,2136,2104,0031,281981,18314.341.6041.951.430.164.19
St. Vincent11,5197,1594,36015,6068,8526,7544,0871,6932,39435.4823.6454.913.552.365.49
Wellington11,2897,7683,52114,6218,9155,7063,3321,1472,18529.5114.7662.062.951.486.21
Westmoreland2,7221,7409822,9281,6581,270206822887.574.7229.320.760.472.93
decrease.decrease.decrease.
PASTORAL DISTRICTS
Total of Pastoral Districts67,48545,05122,434127,39876,73750,66159,91331,68628,22788.7770.33125.828.887.0312.59
Albert238196421,005777228767581186322.27296.42442.8532.2329.6444.28
Bligh2,2051,4507554,5772,7931,7842,3721,3431,029107.5792.62136.2910.769.2613.63
Clarence5,1413,0252,11614,1138,1116,0028,9725,0863,886174.51168.13183.6517.4516.8118.36
Darling9196672521,8591,239620940572368102.2985.76146.0310.238.5814.60
Gwydir, The2,0151,4385773,6562,3811,2751,64194369881.4365.57120.978.146.5612.10
Lachlan, The14,81414,1633,65118,70511,5027,2033,8913393,55226.263.0497.292.630.309.73
Liverpool Plains6,3054,2542,05112,8247,9594,8656,5193,7052,814103.3987.09137.2010.348.7113.72
Macleay1,3107115994,9752,7392,2363,6652,0281,637279.77285.23273.4527.9828.5227.34
Monard9,2355,6373,59813,9977,8746,1234,7622,2372,52551.5639.6870.195.163.977.02
Murrumbidgee, The12,9388,8334,10525,02715,2549,77312,0896,4215,66893.4372.69138.079.347.2713.81
New England9,6765,8113,86516,8989,7037,1957,2223,8923,33074.6466.9786.167.466.708.62
Warrego219150692,6501,9097412,4311,7596721110.041172.67973.91111.00117.2797.39
Wellington2,4701,7167547,1124,4962,6164,6422,7801,862187.93162.00246.9518.7916.2024.69

NOTE: —In 1861 the Shipping was not included in the Counties and Pastoral Districts Returns, The difference, however, for comparative purposes, is not important.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES. No. 8., POPULATION.—Comparative Return of the proportion of Sexes in the several Counties and Pastoral Districts, at the Census of 1861 and 1871 respectively.
1861.1871.
Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
Grand Total of the Colony56.5743.4376.7654.6745.3382.89
COUNTIES.
Total of Counties.53.8646.1485.6652.7947.2189.41
Argyle53.5146.4986.8953.1546.8588.11
Bathurst60.1739.8366.1756.0343.9778.47
Bligh65.2734.7353.2265.8334.1751.88
Brisbane55.9644.0478.6955.2444.7681.02
Buccleugh (part of)54.5445.4683.33
Camden54.2945.7184.2051.6948.3193.46
Cook52.6247.3890.0452.8547.1589.20
Cowley (part of)54.3145.6984.11
Cumberland49.4550.55102.2349.8350.17100.68
Durham53.0846.9288.4252.9247.0888.95
Georgiana65.7434.2652.1159.8140.1967.17
Gloucester54.1345.8784.7254.2145.7984.45
Gordon (part of)51.9848.0292.36
Harden (part of)56.1943.8177.98
Hunter55.9344.0778.7852.2747.7391.30
King57.4542.5574.0655.8344.1779.11
Lincoln (part of)65.0934.9153.63
Macquarie52.6047.4090.1153.9146.0985.48
Murray56.3643.6477.4254.4945.5183.50
Northumberland53.2346.7787.8351.6048.4093.76
Phillip58.3541.6571.3767.3932.6148.38
Roxburgh68.4231.5846.1460.8039.2064.46
St. Vincent62.1537.8560.9056.7243.2876.29
Wellington68.8131.1945.3360.9739.0364.00
Westmoreland63.9236.0856.4356.6343.3776.59
PASTORAL DISTRICTS.
Total of Pastoral Districts66.7533.2549.7960.2339.7766.02
Albert82.3517.6521.4377.3122.6929.34
Bligh65.7634.2452.0661.0238.9863.87
Clarence58.8441.1669.9557.4742.5373.99
Darling72.5827.4237.7866.6433.3650.04
The Gwydir71.3628.6440.1265.1234.8853.54
The Lachlan75.3524.6532.7161.4938.5162.62
Liverpool Plains67.4732.5348.2162.0637.9461.13
Macleay54.2745.7384.2455.0644.9481.63
Monaro61.0438.9663.8356.2543.7577.76
The Murrumbidgee68.2731.7346.4760.9539.0564.07
New England60.0639.9466.5157.4242.5874.15
Warrego68.4931.5146.0072.0427.9638.81
Wellington69.4730.5343.9463.2236.7858.19
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 9., POPULATION.—Return showing the Urban and Rural Population of the Colony, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase or Decrease of the same, in the Decennial period 1861-1871.
Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Total of the Colony350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
Sydney and Suburbs93,68645,42548,261134,73665,28669,45041,05019,86121,18943.8243.7243.904.384.374.39
Towns and Villages of 100 Inhabitants and over65,94435,02430,92099,42652,22747,19933,48217,20316,27950.7749.1252.655.084.915.26
Total Urban159,63080,44979,181234,162117,513116,64974,53237,06437,46846.6946.0747.324.674.614.73
Total Rural189,320116,19773,123267,417155,680111,73778,09739,48338,61441.2533.9852.814.123.405.28
Add—The Shipping1,9101,842682,4022,358444925162425.7628.6135.292.572.803.53
decreacedecrease.decrease

NOTE.—In 1861, the Suburbs of Sydney were included partly amongst the Towns and Villages, and partly amongst the Rural population. In the above Return the figures have been corrected.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 10., POPULATION.—Return showing the Percentage of Population in the Urban and Rural parts of the Colony, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Percentage of, the Total Increase in the Decennial period 1861-1871.
Percentage of Population.Percentage of Total Increase in the period 1861-1871.
1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Total of the Colony100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00
Sydney and Suburbs26.7022.8931.6726.7323.6930.4026.8125.7727.86
Towns and villages of 100 Inhabitants and over18.7917.6420.2919.7318.9520.6621.8722.3221.40
Total Urban45.4940.5351.9646.4642.6451.0648.6848.0949.26
Total Rural53.9658.5447.9953.0656.5048.9251.0051.2450.77
Add—The Shipping0.550.930.050.480.860.020.320.670.03
decrease.
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 11., POPULATION.—Return showing the proportion of Sexes in the Urban and Rural parts of the Colony, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively.
1861.1871.
Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
Total of the Colony56.5743.4376.7654.6745.3382.89
Sydney and Suburbs48.4951.51106.2448.4551.55106.38
Towns and Villages of 100 Inhabitants and over53.1146.8988.2852.5347.4790.37
Total Urban50.4049.6098.4250.1849.8299.26
Total Rural61.3838.6262.9358.2141.7971.76
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 12., POPULATION.—Return showing the Population of the Towns numbering over 1000 persons at the Census of 1871, and the increase or decrease of the same, in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Towns.Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Sydney (Town proper)56,39427,28529,10974,42336,14938,27418,0298,8649,16531.9732.4931.483.203.253.15
Newcastle3,7221,9331,7897,5813,7153,8663,8591,7822,077103.6892.19116.0910.379.2211.61
Parramatta5,5772,7702,8076,1033,4342,6695266641389.4323.974.920.942.400.49
decreasedecreasedecrease
West Maitland5,6942,8412,8535,0792,4172,66261542419110.8014.926.691.081.490.67
decreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecrease
Bathurst4,0422,1271,9155,0302,6112,41998848450424.4422.7526.322.442.272.63
Goulburn3,2411,6861,5554,4532,2472,2061,21256165137.3933.2741.863.743.334.19
Grafton1,4417466952,2501,1351,11580938942056.1452.1460.435.615.216.04
Albury9815314501,90699691092546546094.2887.57102.229.438.7610.22
Wagga Wagga6273742531,8581,0268321,231652579196.33174.33228.8519.6317.4322.88
Mudgee1,5077937141,78693085627013714218.5117.2619.881.851.731.99
Windsor1,9009089921,73283789516871978.847.819.780.880.780.98
decreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecrease
East Maitland1,8349508841,67585681915994658.669.897.350.870.990.74
decreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecrease
Grenfell1,657920737
Tamworth6543473071,511806705857459398131.04132.28129.6413.1013.2312.96
Orange5812992821,456755701875456419150.60152.51148.5815.0615.2514.86
Muswellbrook6253332921,445761684820428392131.20128.52134.2513.1212.8513.42
Armidale9104824281,36972064945923822150.4449.3751.635.044.945.16
Liverpool1,0536993541,3389573812852582727.0636.907.622.703.690.76
Wollongong1,3977066911,29764165610065357.169.205.060.720.920.51
decreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecrease
Morpeth1,1755885871,236591645613585.190.519.880.520.050.99
Braidwood9595464131,1976225752387616224.8213.9139.222.481.393.92
Singleton1,0004825181,1875676201878510218.7017.6319.691.871.761.97
*Yass1,1236045191,1675815864423673.913.8112.910.390.381.29
decreasedecreasedecrease
Deniliquin6324092231,11866545348625623076.8962.59103.147.696.2610.31
Richmond9434614821,065508557122477512.9410.1915.561.291.021.56
Gundagai (North & South)4842772071,008547461524270254108.2697.47122.7010.839.7512.27
[* The numbers given in 1861 probably included the Suburban Village of O'Connell Town, numbering in 1871, 117 persons (59 males, 58 females), and returned separately (see detailed tables). If so, the increase for the Town of Yass should be amended as follows:—]

Numerical.

Persons, 161; Males, 36; Females, 125.

Centesimal.

Persons, 14.34 ; Males, 5.96 ; Females, 24.09.

Centesimal Annual Average.

Persons, 1.43 ; Males, 0.60 ; Females, 2.41.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 13., POPULATION.—Return showing the number of Municipalities, their Population, and the Population of the parts of the Colony which were not included in the Municipalities, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the increase or decrease of the same, in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Census or Registry Districts.1861.1871.Increase or Decrease.
Number of Municipalities.Population.Number of Municipalities.Population.Number of Municipalities.Population.
In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.
Total of the Colony24102,476248,38449192,181311,8002589,70563,41687.5425.538.752.55
Sydney156,394446174,42314318,029*30331.9767.933.206.79
decreasedecreasedecrease
Suburban1020,73516,1111949,96210,362929,2275,749140.9535.6814.093.57
decreasedecreasedecrease
Country1325,347229,9172967,796298,8931642,44968,976167.4730.0016.753.00
Add—the Shipping1,9102,40249225.762.58
[* Decrease caused by the removal of Cockatoo Island Penal Establishment.]
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 14.,POPULATION.—Return showing the Percentage of Population in the Municipalities, and in the unincorporated parts of the Colony, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase or Decrease of the same in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Districts.Percentage of total Population.Percentage of total Increase in the period 1861-1871.
1861.1871.
In the Municipalities.Not incorporated.In the Municipalities.Not Incorporated.In the Municipalities.Not incorporated.
Total of the Colony29.2170.7938.1361.8758.5841.42
Sydney16.070.1314.770.0311.780.19
decrease
Suburbs5.914.599.912.0519.083.75
decrease
County7.2365.5313.4559.3127.7245.04
Add—Shipping0.540.480.32
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 15.,RESIDENCES.—Return showing the number and classification of Dwellings throughout the Colony, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase of the same in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Dwellings.Population.Number of persons to each dwelling.Proportion of dwellings to a person.
Inhabited.Not inhabited or in course of construction.Grand Total.
Brick or Stone.Weatherboard.Inferior.Tents, Drays, &c.Total.
186118,63938,7737,15964,571Not enumerated separately.64,571350,8605.430.184
187128,49750,80011,9732,42093,6904,91798,607503,9815.110.196
Increase in the period 1861-1871.34,036153,1210.320.12
decrease0.012

NOTE.—It will be seen by the above Return, that in 1861 no distinction was made betweeninhabitedanduninhabiteddwellings.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 16., RESIDENCES.—Return showing for Sydney and Suburbs, and for the principal Towns thoughout the Colony, the number and classification of Dwellings, at the Census of 1871.
Dwellings.Population.No. of persons to each inhabited dwellings.
Inhabited.Not inhabited or in course of construction.Grand Total.
Brick or Stone.Weatherboard.Inferior.Tents or Drays.Total.
Sydney and Suburbs—
Sydney12,1801,5119213,7831,46415,24774,4235.39
Balmain58168871,2761151,3916,8865.39
Newtown8983461011,2551171,3726,6015.25
Glebe81223661,0541021,1565,7215.42
Redfern and Botany1,2821,204252,5111312,64212,6215.02
Paddington1,291534111,8361792,01511,4116.21
Concord2773189604446483,5205.49
St. George8896631831,5731221,6958,4385.36
St. Leonards386512471946349805,1265.41
Total of Suburbs6,4164,501133511,05584111,89660,3245.45
Sydney and Suburbs18,5966,012225524,8382,30527,143134,7475.42
Newcastle615701261,3423951,7377,5815.64
Parramatta57629210878649426,1036.95
West Maitland380540189381231,0615,0795.41
Bathurst76310457924149385,0305.44
Goulburn52814333704unspecified.7044,4536.32
Grafton1033008411564672,2505.47
Albury19310442434373501,9065.55
Wagga Wagga160131254320103301,8585.81
Mudgee1951051631693251,7865.65
Windsor2753943321303511,7325.39
East Maitland144138282203021,6755.93
Grenfell42501564101055151,6574.04
Tamworth7214626524962551,5116.06
Orange170801072672671,4565.45
Muswellbrook58156181224462501,4455.92
Armidale801362218562741,3696.27
Liverpool7264136unspecified.1361,3389.83
Wollongong841415230502801,2975.63
Morpeth911471239683071,2365.17
Braidwood11110622192191,1975.46
Singleton11912023962451,1874.96
Yass108106722182291,1675.28
Deniliquin108756919872051,1185.69
Richmond1047618091891,0655.91
Gundagai461004211891891,0085.33
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 17., AGES.—Return showing the Numbers of the People at different years of age, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively, and the Increase or Decrease of the same, in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Ages.Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All ages350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
Under 5 years55,84028,11827,72281,98441,65040,33426,14413,53212,61246.8248.1345.494.684.814.55
5 years and under 1041,66420,84920,81570,52735,83534,69228,86314,98613,87769.2770.1966.676.937.026.67
10 years and under 1535,71718,08217,63557,67229,13028,54221,95511,04810,90761.4661.0961.856.156.116.18
15 years and under 2033,64616,44517,20142,63621,08221,5548,9904,6374,35326.7228.1925.312.672.822.53
20 years and under 218,4144,1244,290
21 years and under 2533,36818,15815,21033,86017,13716,7238,9063,1035,80326.6917.0938.152.671.713.82
25 years and under 3034,43220,30714,12543,61723,91919,6989,1853,6125,57326.6817.7839.452.671.783.95
30 years and under 3526,84516,82310,02237,98922,76115,22811,1445,9385,20641.5135.2951.944.153.535.19
35 years and under 4020,02712,1667,86132,96720,08612,88112,9407,9205,02064.6165.1063.866.466.516.39
40 years and under 4519,74012,1667,57425,89916,4099,4906,1594,2431,91631.2034.8725.293.123.492.53
45 years and under 5014,3549,3335,02118,16211,0987,0643,8081,7652,04326.5318.9140.692.651.894.07
50 years and under 5511,6687,8433,82517,81710,9846,8336,1493,1413,00852.6940.0578.645.274.007.86
55 years and under 606,2344,2072,02711,3517,2274,1245,1173,0202,09782.0971.78103.458.217.1810.35
60 years and under 655,8984,2531,6459,3026,0563,2463,4041,8031,60157.7142.3997.325.774.249.73
65 years and under 702,1891,5026874,8503,2551,5952,6611,753908121.56116.71132.1712.1611.6713.21
70 years and under 751,4661,0274393,6092,4951,1142,1431,468675146.18142.94153.7614.6214.2915.38
75 years and under 806144032111,275892383661489172107.65121.3481.5110.7612.138.15
80 years and under 100959627332
100 years and upwards5273901371813545025020085.3964.10145.988.546.4114.60
Unspecified6,6316,4162151,0737713025,5585,6458783.8287.9840.468.388.804.05
decreasedecreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 18., AGES.—Return showing the Percentage of Population, at different years of age, at the Census of 1861 and 1871 respectively ; and the Percentage of Increase of the same, as compared with the Total Increase of Population in the Decennial period 1861-1871:—
Ages.Percentage of Population.Percentage of Total Increase in the Decennial period 1861-1871.
1861.1871.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All specified ages100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00
Under 5 years16.2214.6418.2216.3015.1617.6816.4716.3616.60
5 years and under 1012.1010.8613.6814.0213.0515.2118.1918.1218.27
10 years and under 1510.389.4111.5911.4710.6012.5113.8413.3614.36
15 years and under 209.788.5611.318.487.679.455.665.615.73
20 years and under 211.671.591.88
21 years and under 259.709.459.996.736.247.335.613.757.64
25 years and under 3010.0010.579.288.678.708.645.794.377.34
30 years and under 357.808.766.597.568.286.687.027.186.85
35 years and under 405.826.335.176.567.315.658.169.586.61
40 years and under 455.736.334.985.155.974.163.885.132.52
45 years and under 504.174.863.303.614.043.092.392.132.69
50 years and under 553.394.092.513.543.992.993.883.793.96
55 years and under 601.812.191.332.262.631.813.223.652.76
60 years and under 651.712.221.081.852.211.422.152.182.11
65 years and under 700.640.780.450.971.180.691.682.121.19
70 years and under 750.420.540.290.720.910.491.351.780.89
75 years and under 800.180.210.140.250.330.170.420.590.22
80 years and under 1000.150.200.090.190.230.150.290.300.26
100 years and upwards
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 19., AGES.—Return showing the Proportion of Sexes, at different years of age, at the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 respectively.
Ages.1861.1871.
Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
All specified ages55.8044.2079.2254.6445.3683.03
All ages56.5743.4376.7654.6745.3382.89
Under 5 years50.3549.6598.5950.8049.2096.84
5 years and under 1050.0449.9699.8450.8149.1996.81
10 years and under 1550.6249.3897.5350.5149.4997.98
15 years and under 2048.8851.12104.5949.4650.54102.24
20 years and under 2154.4145.5983.7650.2949.0149.7150.9998.83104.02
21 years and under 2550.6159.3997.58
25 years and under 3058.9841.0269.5654.8445.1682.35
30 years and under 3562.6737.3359.5759.9140.0966.90
35 years and under 4060.7539.2564.6160.9239.0864.12
40 years and under 4561.6338.3762.2563.3636.6457.83
45 years and under 5065.0234.9853.7961.1138.8963.65
50 years and under 5567.2232.7848.7763.6738.3562.20
55 years and under 6067.4932.5148.1863.6736.3357.06
60 years and under 6572.1127.8938.6865.1034.8953.60
65 years and under 7068.6231.3845.7467.1132.8949.00
70 years and under 7570.0629.9442.7469.1330.8744.65
75 years and under 8065.6434.3652.3569.9630.0442.94
80 years and under 10074.0026.0035.1365.5065.3834.5034.6252.652.95
100 years and upwards72.2227.7838.46
Unspecified96.753.253.3571.8528.1539.17
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 20., AGES.—Return showing, at different periods of age, the Percentage of Population in the Rural and Urban parts of the Colony, at the Census of 1871.
Ages.Sydney and Suburbs.Towns and Villages of 100 Inhabitants and over.Total Urban.Total Rural.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All specified ages100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00
Under 5 years15.7916.4815.1416.4515.9017.0516.0716.2215.9116.6414.5619.52
5 and under 1524.5225.0624.0126.1624.3928.1425.2224.7625.6925.9123.0629.86
15 and under 6055.9554.3557.4552.9253.8551.8854.6654.1355.1953.5157.4847.99
60 and upwards3.744.113.404.475.862.934.054.893.213.944.902.63

NOTE.—Unspecified ages are not included in the above Return.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 21., AGES.—Return showing, at different periods of age, the proportion of Sexes in the Urban and Rural parts of the Colony, at the Census of 1871.
Ages.Sydney and Suburbs.Towns and Villages of 100 Inhabitants and over.Total Urban.Total Rural.
Proportion of Males in 100 Persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
All specified ages48.4651.54106.3752.5047.5090.4650.1849.8299.3058.1841.8271.88
Under 5 years50.5749.4397.7350.7649.2497.0150.6649.3497.4250.9249.0896.37
5 and under 1549.5250.47101.9248.9351.07104.3749.2650.74102.9951.7948.2193.08
15 and under 6047.0752.93112.4453.4346.5787.1449.6950.31101.2562.4937.5160.01
60 and upwards53.2146.7987.95*68.8131.1945.3160.5239.4865.2472.1327.8738.65
[* Including the Liverpool and Parramatta Asylums for the Infirm and Destitute.]
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 22., AGES.—Return showing the Number of Males of the age of 21 and upwards, and the estimated number of * Electors in each Electorate.
Electorate.Number of Members.Population.Males, 21 years and over.Estimated Number of Electors.Estimated proportion of Electors in every 100 persons.Estimated Number of Electors to a Member.
Total 57 Electorates69501,579141,147130,91926.101,897
1. Argyle19,3032,3432,32625.002,326
2. Balranald16,9343,5383,29047.453,290
3. Bathurst15,0301,3771,19523.761,195
4. The Bogan112,1134,6244,30935.574,309
5. Braidwood111,4223,5032,88525.262,885
6. Camden29,8782,1632,08521.111,042
7. Canterbury218,7154,1754,15922.222,079
8. The Clarence113,7604,0663,95728.763,957
9. Carcoar17,4242,7602,40632.412,406
10. Central Cumberland28,9412,4941,88421.07942
11. Eden17,6022,1151,92125.271,921
12. The Glebe111,4942,4132,40920.962,409
13. Goulburn14,4531,1011,00822.641,008
14. The Gwydir16,6872,9202,71840.652,718
15. Hartley17,2982,0281,98427.191,984
16. The Hastings112,1983,0222,93524.062,935
17. The Hawkesbury25,9901,2961,29521.62647
18. The Hume19,1903,2382,97432.362,974
19. The Hunter14,8841,0381,03621.211,036
20. The Lower Hunter13,01567865921.85659
21. The Upper Hunter112,4213,7233,63829.293,638
22. Illawarra15,6811,1921,16720.541,167
23. Kiama15,7501,1831,17920.501,179
24. The Lachlan114,4684,8894,41730.534,417
25. Liverpool Plains110,9963,9983,53732.173,537
26. East Macquarie211,0163,7743,04527.641,523
27. West Macquarie13,6351,05298927.21989
28. East Maitland13,40579067619.86676
29. West Maitland15,3811,1591,14621.291,146
30. Monaro17,2372,1441,83325.331,833
31. Morpeth13,28975375122.83751
32. Mudgee111,9015,0564,25635.764,256
33. The Murray14,1721,8861,79743.071,797
34. The Murrumbidgee18,5093,0062,83833.352,838
35. Narellan12,76159859521.55595
36. The Nepean15,3211,1801,17622.101,176
37. Newcastle17,5811,7931,79023.611,790
38. New England19,7062,7952,58526.632,585
39. Newtown110,0192,1282,12621.222,126
40. Northumberland110,6422,4912,48523.352,485
41. Orange17,5862,2122,13828.182,138
42. Paddington115,1023,1543,13920.783,139
43. Parramatta26,1032,04396415.79482
44. The Paterson12,56156656422.02564
45. Patrick's Plains16,6991,5401,52222.721,522
46. Queanbeyan14,6751,2481,21225.921,212
47. Shoalhaven16,3491,4221,40922.191,409
48. St. Leonards18,0121,9651,68821.071,688
49. East Sydney439,8979,7639,28223.262,320
50. West Sydney434,5269,0238,87525.702,219
51. Tenterfield17,3632,4952,25030.562,250
52. The Tumut15,5041,7111,50127.271,501
53. Wellington17,5792,9102,33230.762,332
54. The Williams15,5801,2851,27922.921,279
55. Windsor12,79760360321.56603
56. Wollombi14,42497797121.94971
57. Yass Plains16,6001,7481,72926.191,729
[* Males, 21 years and over, exclusive of Chinese and Aborigines, and of Prisoners in Gaols and Inmates of Asylums.]

The three Gold Field Electorates contain the following estimated number of Electors, or Males of 21 years of age and over, exclusive of the Chinese and Aboriginal population :—

Gold Fields South 2999

Gold Fields West 4591

Gold Fields North 1240

These are enumerated in the above return.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES., No. 23., NATIONALITY.—Summary Return of the Nationalities of the People, at the Census of 1871.
Nationalities.Population.Percentage of Population.Proportion of Sexes.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Proportion of Males in 100 persons.Proportion of Females in 100 persons.Proportion of Females to 100 Males.
All Nationalities503,981275,551228,430100.00100.00100.0054.6745.3382.89
British Subjects by Birth481,857257,392224,46595.7093.5298.3353.4246.5887.21
British Subjects by Parentage or Naturalization2,9052,0978080.580.760.3572.1827.8238.53
Total British Subjects484,762259,489225,27396.2894.2898.6853.5346.4786.82
Foreign17,77015,0252,7453.535.461.2084.5515.4518.27
Aborigines9837092740.190.260.1272.1227.8838.64
Unspecified46632813870.3929.6142.07
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—SUMMARY TABLES.,No. 24., NATIONALITY.—Return showing the number of Persons of different Birth-places, at the Censuses of 1861 and1871 respectively, and the Increase or Decrease of the same in the decennial period 1861-1871.
Countries where born.Population.Increase or Decrease.
1861.1871.Numerical.Centesimal.Centesimal Annual Average.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All Countries350,860198,488152,372503,981275,551228,430153,12177,06376,05843.6438.8249.914.363.884.99
BRITISH.
New South Wales160,29880,10680,192294,244147,877146,367133,94667,77166,17583.5684.6082.528.368.468.25
Victoria1,8029128906,3973,3992,9984,5952,4872,108254.99272.69236.8525.5027.2723.68
Tasmania1,3637086552,0921,15693672944828153.4863.2742.905.356.334.29
South Australia4972612361,6378857521,140624516229.37239.08218.6422.9423.9121.86
Western Australia36231314574711095158302.77221.74446.1530.2822.1744.61
Queensland3251731522,1181,0881,0301,793915878551.69528.90577.6355.1752.9057.76
New Zealand6713653061,05754651138618120557.5349.5966.995.754.966.70
Aborigines983709274983709274
Total Australasia164,99282,54882,444308,673155,734152,939143,68173,18670,49587.0888.6685.518.718.878.55
England84,15253,16330,98987,33455,66431,6703,1822,5016813.784.702.200.380.470.22
Wales1,3789124661,8701,23563549232316935.7035.4136.263.573.543.63
Scotland18,22211,0067,21620,04112,1397,9021,8191,1336869.9810.299.511.001.030.95
Ireland54,82927,61127,21862,94331,92531,0188,1144,3143,80014.7915.6213.961.481.561.40
*British Possessions3,4692,2581,2111,9791,4045751,4908546361.904.212.390.190.420.24
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decr.
Total British327,042177,498149,544482,840258,101224,739155,79880,60375,19547.6445.9750.284.764.605.03
FOREIGN.
United States1,0679061611,3401,0802602731749925.5819.2061.492.561.926.15
France690517173891724167201207629.1340.043.462.914.000.35
decreasedecr.decr.
Germany5,4673,5901,8776,6234,5762,0471,15698617021.1427.460.052.112.750.91
China12,98812,98627,2207,208125,7685,7781044.4144.49500.004.444.5050.00
decreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decr.
Islands in South Pacific315179136315179136
Other Foreign Countries.2,7422,4652772,8622,5962661201311115.8612.5845.121.591.264.51
decrease
Born at sea1,4247596651,424759665
Unspecified86452633846632813839819820046.0737.6459.174.613.765.92
decreasedecreasedecreasedecr.decr.decr.decr.decr.decr.
[* In 1861 this item included all persons born at sea. In the centesimal columns the difference has been allowed for.]

APPENDICES

A

CENSUS ACT OF 1871.

No. XII.

An Act to make provision for taking the Census and for obtaining certain Agricultural and Pastoral Statistics in the year 1871. [Assented to, 4th May, 1870.]

WHEREAS it is expedient that an account of the Population be taken in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one and to obtain information as to the Live Stock and Agricultural Produce of New South Wales. Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly of New South Wales in Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same as follows:— [Preamble.]

1

In the construction of this Act the word "dwelling" shall include all buildings and tenements or other erections whether permanent or temporary of which the whole or any part shall be used for the purpose of human habitation Provided that in the case of pastoral establishments the employers or superintendents shall be deemed "occupiers" for the purpose of filling up the Schedules herein mentioned for their whole respective establishments and for all other purposes and subject to all other provisions of this Act Provided also that each such pastoral establishment shall in the construction of this Act be deemed one "dwelling" And the word "Census" shall mean an account of the population of New South Wales. [Preamble.]

2

A Census shall be taken in manner hereinafter directed of all persons in the Colony on the night of Sunday the second day of April in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one. [Census to be taken on 2nd April 1871.]

3

For the taking of such Census and for obtaining information as to the live stock and agricultural produce the Governor with the advice of the Executive Council shall appoint enumerators and define the districts for which they shall respectively act and determine the number of collectors to be appointed and employed by such enumerators respectively and such appointments and particulars shall be notified in the Gazette. [Enumerators to be appointed.]

4

The enumerators shall subject to approval by the Governor with the like advice appoint in like manner the collectors to be employed by them respectively and assign sub-districts to such collectors. [Collectors to be employed.]

5

The Colonial Secretary shall have the care of superintending the taking of such Census and the collection of returns of such live stock and agricultural produce and shall cause to be prepared and printed for the use of the persons to be employed in taking the same Forms and such Instructions as he shall deem necessary And the Registrar-General shall under the directions of the Colonial Secretary issue all such forms and instructions to the persons for whose use they shall be intended. [Forms and Instructions to be issued.]

6

The Colonial Secretary shall cause to be prepared such Schedules forms declarations and circulars as may be necessary for obtaining information as to the name and surname relation to head of family condition sex age rank profession or occupation birth-place religion and education of every person living in New South Wales on the night of the second day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one and also whether any such persons were at the said date blind or deaf and dumb and of all houseless persons and persons travelling or on shipboard. And the said Colonial Secretary shall also cause to be prepared such Schedules Forms and Declarations as may be necessary for obtaining full and true particulars of the agricultural produce and live stock of New South Wales at the aforesaid date And the enumerators shall in the course of the week ending on Saturday the first day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one leave or cause to be left at every dwelling within their respective districts one or more of such Schedules for the occupier or occupiers thereof or of any part thereof and upon every such Schedule shall be plainly expressed that it is to be filled up by the occupier of such dwelling (or where such dwelling is let in different stories or apartments and occupied distinctly by differently persons or families then by the occupier of each such distinct story or apartment) and that the enumerator or collector will collect all such Schedules on the Monday then next following And every occupier of any dwelling or of any distinct story or apartment in any dwelling with or for whom any such Schedule shall have been left as aforesaid shall fill up the said Schedule to the best of his or her knowledge and belief so far as relates to all persons abiding in the dwelling story or apartment occupied by him or her and where required shall furnish full and true particulars of all agricultural produce and live stock according to the form contained in the produce and live stock and Schedule left at such occupier's dwelling and shall sign his or her name thereto and shall deliver the Schedules so filled up or cause the same to be delivered to the enumerator or collector when required so to do. [Schedules to be prepared and left at dwellings and filled up by occupiers.]

7

The Colonial Secretary shall obtain by such means as shall appear to him best adapted for the purpose returns of the particulars required by this Act with respect to all houseless persons and all persons who during the said night of Sunday the second day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one were travelling or on shipboard or for any other reason were not abiding in any dwelling of which account is to be taken by the enumerators and such returns shall be included in the abstracts to be made as hereinafter enacted. [Account of houseless poor and of travellers.]

8

Every collector shall on Monday the third day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one or as soon thereafter as practicable demand and receive the said Schedules at all dwellings within his sub-district and shall satisfy himself by inspection of the same that such Schedules are correctly filled up or if not so in any particular shall himself by information derived from the occupier make the same complete and correct and in either such case shall then and there countersign the said Schedules with his own name. [Collectors personally to receive the Schedules and see to their correctness.]

9

Every collector shall within seven days after all the schedules within his sub-district shall have been completed and received by him deliver them to his enumerator together with a declaration made and subscribed by himself in the form of the schedule hereto marked A And any enumerator may in the case of any defect or deficiency in any schedule so delivered require the Collector delivering the same to make further inquiries and to correct such defect or supply such deficiency at his own cost. [Collectors to deliver all Schedules &c. to Enumerator.]

10

Every enumerator shall within fourteen days after receipt from his collectors of all such schedules make out therefrom one collective return of all the several particulars therein respectively contained and shall sign and transmit the same to the Registrar-General for the use of the Colonial Secretary together with all the said schedules and the declarations aforesaid as received from the several collectors and together also with a declaration made and subscribed by himself in the form of the schedule hereto marked B. [Enumerators to make collective Returns for use of Colonial Secretary.]

11

The Colonial Secretary shall with all convenient speed prepare or cause to be prepared abstracts of the said Returns inform as nearly resembling the Census of Great Britain for 1861 as circumstances will admit And such abstracts shall be printed and laid before both Houses of Parliament. [Completion of Census by Colonial Secretary.]

12

The Inspector General of Police—all Municipal Councils—Justices of the Peace—Clerks of Petty Sessions—Gold Commissioners—District Registrars of Births Marriages and Deaths—and Inspectors of Sheep within the Colony shall on every request in writing from the Registrar-General supply him for the use of the Colonial Secretary with all information in their power respecting fit persons to be appointed enumerators or collectors as aforesaid together with such advice and assistance upon any and every other point tending to the effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Act as may be in their power. [Authorities to aid in carrying Act into effect.]

13

Any occupier or person in charge of any dwelling or distinct part of a dwelling who shall refuse or willfully neglect to fill up to the best of his knowledge or information and belief the schedules so left as aforesaid or to sign and deliver the same or shall refuse or willfully neglect to answer or untruly answer any necessary inquiry made by a collector or willfully make sign or deliver or cause to be made signed or delivered any false return or statement of any particular in such schedule or shall obstruct any person in the performance of any duty under this Act shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds. [Penalty for non-compliance with Act.]

14

Any collector who shall fail to return to his enumerator all the schedules which shall have been received by him or shall willfully sign or deliver any untrue schedule or alter any schedule except as aforesaid or shall otherwise willfully violate any provision of this Act shall for every such offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds. [Penalty for wilful default of Collector.]

15

Every declaration under this Act may be made and subscribed before any Justice of the Peace or Commissioner of the Supreme Court for taking Affidavits And any person willfully making and subscribing a false declaration shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five pounds. [How declaration to be made and if false how punished.]

16

Any person accepting the office of enumerator or collector under this Act and afterwards refusing or neglecting to do anything lawfully required of him in virtue of such office unless prevented by sickness or other unavoidable cause (in which case the Governor with the advice aforesaid may forthwith appoint another enumerator or the enumerator may appoint another collector approved as aforesaid) shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds. [Penalty for failing to act after accepting office.]

17

All penalties under this Act may be recovered summarily before any two Justices of the Peace. [Recovery of penalties.]

18

This Act shall be styled and may be cited as the "Census Act for 1871." [Short title.]

SCHEDULES.

SCHEDULE A.

I a collector appointed under the "Census Act for 1871" do solemnly declare that the Schedules numbered from to inclusive contained in the sealed packet to which this declaration is attached are all the schedules under the said Act which have been completed and received by me within the sub-district to which I was appointed and that the whole contents of all the said schedules are true to the best of my knowledge information and belief.

[Signature.]

Made and subscribed before me at this day of 187.

Justice of the Peace or Commissioner of Supreme Court for taking Affidavits.

SCHEDULE B.

I an enumerator appointed for the district of under the "Census Act for 1871" do solemnly declare that the sealed packet addressed to the Registrar-General to which this declaration is attached contains all the schedules and declarations transmitted to me by [state here the number of collectors for his district] collectors appointed by me and also one collective return made out by me from the said schedules and that the said collective return contains the full true and correct results of all the particulars contained in all the said schedules to the best of my knowledge and belief.

[Signature.]

Made and subscribed before me at this day of 187.

Justice of the Peace or Commissioner of the Supreme Court for taking Affidavits.

B

HOUSEHOLDER'S SCHEDULE.—GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS.

This Schedule is to be filled up by the occupier or person in charge of the dwelling.—If let or sub-let to different persons or families, in separate stories or apartments, each such story or apartment must be treated as a separate dwelling, and the occupier or person in charge of each must make a separate Return upon a separate form.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP THE COLUMN HEADED "RANK, PROFESSION, OR OCCUPATION."

Officers in the Army and Navy to add, after their rank, whether in actual service, or half-pay, or retired; and in the latter case, if engaged in any occupation, to be particular in stating it.

Persons in the Civil Service to state, after their title or rank, the Department to which they are attached, and also whether they are engaged in any other and what besides their official occupation.

Clergymen to state the Denomination of which they are ministers, and the place of worship in which they officiate. They are requested not to employ the indefinite term "Clerk." Local or occasional preachers to return their ordinary occupations.

Members of the legal profession to state whether or not in actual practice; and if holding any office, to give its title. Lawyers admitted elsewhere, but not on the rolls here, to state the grade and country. Persons employed by barristers or in solicitors' offices, to distinguish whether they are articled or other clerks.

Members of the Medical Profession to state whether they are physicians, surgeons, or general practitioners, and to return themselves as practicing or not practicing ; and if otherwise employed, to state the occupation.

Teachers, authors, public writers, and artists to state the particular branch of science, literature, or art which they cultivate. Engineers to state whether civil engineer, mechanical engineer, mining engineer, &c. Surveyors to state whether land, mining, or marine surveyors.

Persons engaged in trade or commerce, as merchants, manufacturers, storekeepers, retailers, brokers, agents, auctioneers, clerks, &c., to state the particular business in which they are engaged, or the staple in which they deal. The ordinary and most commonly understood terms should be employed. Commercial travelers should not omit the word "commercial."

The terms farmer and gardener to be applied to all persons actually in occupation of land and tilling, whether proprietors or tenants. The number of hands employed should be returned thus— "Farmer or gardener employing—men." The word landowner is too vague. Proprietorship may be expressed by inserting ("prop.") after "farmer." Sons and daughters, brothers, or other relatives helping on farms or stations, may be returned as "son assisting," "daughter assisting," as the case may be.

Gold-miners to specify whether engaged in puddling, sluicing, quartz-mining, crushing, &c., or alluvial mining. When a gold-miner employs others to assist him, he should return himself "gold-miner, employing —men." A gold-miner working for another should return himself as "gold-miner," not as a labourer.

Artisans and mechanics should always mention whether they are masters or journeymen, whether they keep a shop, store, &c., and the number of persons in their employment. The materials on which mechanics work, and the particular branch of their trade, are always to be distinctly expressed; thus— "ship carpenter," "house carpenter," "shingler," "coachsmith," "locksmith," "horse-shoer."

A person engaged in more than one pursuit should state his occupations in the order of their importance to himself.

Carters, carriers, labourers, servants, &c., to describe themselves by the name of their usual employment ; "drayman on wharf," "carter to the diggings," "labourer, making roads," "omnibus-driver," "cabman," "porter," "messenger," &c.

Persons not following any profession, trade, or calling, and not holding any public office, but possessed of independent means, may designate themselves "proprietor of land," "proprietor of houses," "annuitant," as the case may be. The word "householder" should not be used in place of "proprietor of houses," nor the word "gentleman" or "lady" in place of "no occupation." Persons who have ceased to follow one pursuit and have not commenced another, should enter "no occupation at present." Persons out of work should enter "unemployed" after their ordinary calling.

WOMEN.—The occupation of women not coming under the foregoing instructions, and who are employed in any but domestic duties, should be distinctly recorded. But they should not be entered as engaged in the occupations of their husbands or fathers, &c., unless they regularly assist them. When only in the capacity of wife, mother, daughter, sister, &c., write "domestic duties."

CHILDREN.—If children are regularly pursuing or assisting in any occupation it should be stated. If daily attending a Public or Private School, or receiving tuition under a master or governess at home, it should be specified by writing against the names "attending Public School," "attending Private School," "scholar at home," as the case may be. When only in the relation of son, daughter, or other relative, write "Domestic Duties", as in the case of women.

PERSONS IN HOSPITALS, ASYLUMS, GAOLS, &c.—Care should be taken to describe their position as inmates, thus:— "Prisoner," "Patient," "Gaoler," "Nurse." Previous occupation of prisoners, patients, &c., should be inserted, as well as their present occupation in the Hospitals, Asylums, Gaols, &c.

The occupation which each person is following and deriving income from at the time of the Census should in all cases be stated.

Every answer should be written in full. The use of dots (,,) or ditto (do.) leads to numerous mistakes, and cannot be admitted by the Collectors.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—APPENDICES. EXAMPLE OF THE MODE OF FILLING UP THE RETURN.
Name and Surname.Relation to Head of Family.Condition.Sex.Age last Birthday.Rank, Profession, or Occupation.Health, &c.Where born.Religion.Education.Description of Dwelling.
1James RobinsonHead of FamilyMarriedM.57Farmer employing six menSickEnglandChurch of EnglandRead and writeWooden cottage, four rooms.
2Maria RobinsonWifeMarriedF.53Domestic dutiesScotlandPresbyterianRead and write
3John RobinsonSonUnmarried.M.30Son, assisting on farmDeaf & DumbUnited States, British subject by parentageWesleyan MethodistRead and write
4Henry RobinsonNephewUnmarriedM.13Attending private schoolVictoriaIndependentRead only
5Francoise LavalLodgerWidowF.34Domestic servantMauritiusRoman CatholicCannot read
6Thomas WoodServantUnmarried.M.21Farm servantAt sea, British subjectUnitarianRead and write
7Sydney GreenCallerUnmarried.M.24Farm labourer (unemployed)TasmaniaNo religionCannot read
1John Charles HadleyHead of FamilyWidowerM.40HotelkeeperUpper CanadaCongregationalistRead and writeStone house, six rooms.
2Jane Emma HadleyDaughterUnmarriedF.8Scholar at HomeVictoriaCongregationalistRead and write
3Mary ButlerIn my employment.Unmarried.F.25GovernessWalesRoman CatholicRead and write
4Wilhelm HermanServantUnmarriedM.23BarmanGermany, British subject by naturalizationLutheranRead and write
5Anne CampbellServantWidowF.31Cook and LaundressNew South WalesPresbyterianCannot read
6Edward O'NeilLodgerMarriedM.23Labourer (unemployed)IrelandChurch of EnglandRead only
7Lewis JosephLodgerUnmarriedM.37Gold-miner, quartz-crushing, employing ten menCape of Good HopeHebrewRead and write
[* The corresponding part for the Ship Return is identical with this, with the exception of the top line (Ship Return), instead of "Householder's Schedule."]

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—HOUSEHOLDER'S SCHEDULE.

CAUTION.—Any person who shall refuse or willfully neglect to fill up, to the best of his or her knowledge, information, or belief, this form, or to sign and deliver the same, or shall refuse or willfully neglect to answer, or shall untruly answer, any inquiry made by a Collector, or willfully make, sign, or deliver, or cause to be made, signed, or delivered, any false return or statement of any particular in this form, is liable to a penalty not exceeding Twenty pounds.

Officers, Enumerators, and Collectors, are strictly forbidden to divulge any of the contents of this form, except as required by the Census Act.

List of the Members of the Household or Family, Visitors, Servants, and others, who slept or abode in this Dwelling on the night of Sunday, the 2nd day of April, 1871.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—HOUSEHOLDER'S SCHEDULE.
Name and Surname.Relation to Head of Family.Condition.Sex.Age last Birthday.Rank, Profession, or Occupation.Health.Where Born.Religion.Education.Description of Dwelling.
No person absent on the Night of Sunday, the 2nd April, to be entered.Write after the names of the Head of the Family the names of his Wife, Children, and other relatives. Then Visitors, Lodgers, Servants, &c.State whether Wife, Son, Daughter, or other relative, Visitor, Lodger, or Servant.Write "Married," "Widower," "Widow," or "Unmarried," against the names of all persons, except young Children.Write "M" against Males, and "F" against Females.The ages of infants under One Year to be stated inMonths.[Before filling in this column you are requested to read the instructions on the other side.]If unable to follow usual occupation by reason of illness or accident, write "Sick" or "Accident," or if afficted by an incurable infirmity, write "Deaf and Dumb," "Blind," "Lunatic," "Idiot," as the case may be.State the Country, not the Town or Parish; if born in Foreign Parts, or at Sea, add whether a British Subject by Parentage or Naturalization; if in Australia, state which Colony. ["C"for Chinese, "Ab"for Aboriginal, to be inserted after the words "China", or "New South Wales", if the person referred to is a member of either race.]State the name of the Religion or Sect. Do not use general terms that represent more than one religious Body, as "Protestant" or "Catholic." If of no denomination, or if the Religion cannot be ascertained from the occupier or person in charge, state so. Write against the names of Children, however young, the Religion in which it is intended they are to be brought up. [Any person objecting to fill up this column will insert therein the word "object."]Insert degree of Education, that is, "Cannot Read," "Read only," or "Read and Write," as the case may be; and state if a Member of any University. [Chinese to be set down as "unable to read and write" unless they can read and write English.]State whether built of Stone, Brick, Wood, Linen, &c.Number of Rooms.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

The foregoing is a true Return concerning all Persons in this Dwelling. Witness my hand

Signature of Occupier or Person in Charge or of the Collector.

N.B.—In the case of Pastoral Establishments the Employer or Superintendent must fill in the Returns for his entire Establishment, which, under the Act, is deemed one dwelling ; but the number and description of out-stations or huts in which shepherds, stockmen, or other distinct family or person may reside, must be specified in the last column, in addition to the number of buildings occupied on the head station ; and if any out-station is in a separate Collector's District from that of the home station the required information will be obtained by the Collector of that District.

CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF NEW SOUTH WALES.—1871.
County or Pastoral District.
Registry District.
Electoral District.
Police District.
Parish or Collector's Sub-District.
Municipality, Town, Village, or Locality,
Ward.
Street or Road.
Name or Number of Dwelling.

TO THE OCCUPANT OR PERSON IN CHARGE.

You are requested to insert the particulars specified in the form of return respecting all the persons who slept or abode in your dwelling on the night of Sunday, the 2nd April, 1871.

This paper will be called for on Monday, the day of (or as soon after as practicable) by the Collector ; and it will save trouble if, as the Act requires, you have the answers written in the proper columns by that day. It is the Collector's duty to verify the facts and (if you have omitted to comply with the above instructions) to record them at your residence.

This return is required to show the actual number of the population ; their distribution over the country in counties, electoral, police, registry, districts, municipalities, villages, towns, parishes, gold-fields, &c. ; their religions, occupations, ages, state of health, birth-places, civil condition, education, &c.

The Collectors are strictly ordered not to divulge any information given in this paper.

C.

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—APPENDICES.
Name and Surname.Rank or Quality.Condition.Sex.Age (last Birthday).Rank, Profession, or Occupation.Where Born.Religion.Education.Health.
Write after the name of the Master the names of the Officers, Seamen, Apprentices, and Boys, and then the names of Passengers and others on board.Number of Master's or Male's Certificate, if any and number of Register Ticket.If the person is one of the Crew, write "C"; if a Passenger or Visitor, write "P" or "V."Write "Married", "Widower", "Widow," or "Unmarried," against the names of all Persons, except young Children.Write "M" against Males, and "F" against Females.The ages of infants under One Year to be stated inMonths.State here the Rank of the Officers, and the rating of the Men and Boys of the Crew. The Rank, Profession, and Occupation of the Passengers should be stated as fully and clearly as possible.State the Country or Colony, not the Town or Parish; if born in Foreign Parts, or at Sea, add whether a British Subject by Parentage or Naturalization; if in Australia, state which Colony.State the Name of the Religion or Sect. Do not use general terms which represent more than one Religious Body, as "Protestant" or "Catholic," &c. If of no Denomination, or if the Religion cannot be ascertained from the occupier or person in charge, state so. Write against the names of Children, however young, the Religion in which it is intended they are to be brought up.Insert degrees of Education, that is "Cannot read", "Read only" or "Read and write," as the case may be; and state if a Member or Graduate of any University.If unable to follow usual occupation by reason of Illness or Accident, write "Sick" or "Accident," or if afficted by any incurable infirmity, write "Deaf and Dumb," "Blind," "Lunatic," "Idiot," as the case may be.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

The Number of the Crew of on theNight of Sunday, the 2nd April, 1871, absent from the Vessel on Shore, and therefore not included in the above Return, was

The foregoing is a true Return concerning all Persons on this Vessel—Witness my hand

Signature of Master or Officer in Charge, or of a Collector.

[* Here insert Name, and state whether Steamer, Ship, Barque, &c., &c.]
CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF NEW SOUTH WALES.—1871.
County.
Police District.
Electoral District.
Registry District.
Collector's Sub-District.
Town or Locality.
Name of Vessel.

TO THE MASTER OR OFFICER IN CHARGE.

You are requested to insert the particulars specified in the form of Return respecting all the persons who slept on board your vessel on the night of Sunday, the 2nd April, 1871.

This paper will be called for on by the appointed officer; and it will save trouble if, as the Act requires, you have the answers written in the proper columns by that time. It is the Collector's duty to verify the facts, and (if you have omitted to comply with the above instructions) to record them on board the vessel on that day.

This Return is required to show the actual number of the population ; their distribution over the country, in towns Electoral Districts, &c.; their religion, occupation, Birthplaces, &c.

The Collectors are strictly ordered not to divulge any information given in this paper.

D.

Form of Circular forwarded to certain persons in every Electoral Registry or Census District to ascertain their willingness and ability to undertake the duties of Enumerator at the Census of 1871.

(Circular No. 1.)

Census Office,

Sydney, 13 August, 1870.

Sir,

As the time has arrived when preparations for taking the Census of 1871, and for obtaining information as to the live stock and agricultural produce, must be entered upon,—I should be glad to be informed whether you are willing and able to undertake the duties of enumerator for the district of

2

The duties of the enumerator will be to superintend the collection of the Census in his district ; also of the live stock and agricultural returns required.

3

The amount of remuneration will vary from £10 to £25, according to the extent and population of the district.

4

The enumerator, when appointed, will propose for consideration the names of persons competent and willing to undertake the collection of the Census ; also, of the live stock and agricultural returns—he himself undertaking that the duties are faithfully and duly carried out.

5

The Census will be taken by "Registry" Districts, distinguishing separately each portion of a "County", "Police" or "Electoral" District, as well as of such minor subdivisions as may hereafter be indicated. The returns will therefore require to be so arranged as to enable the compiler to distinguish the amount of population in each " Registry District " separately, in each "County", each " Police District " separately, and in each " Electoral District " separately.

6

A memorandum of the limits of each district, and of the requisite subdivisions, will be furnished in due course, together with a map of the district, accompanied by further instructions.

7

Your reply, at earliest convenience, is requested, addressed to "The Registrar-General," Census 1871, Sydney.

I have the honor to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

E. G. WARD,

Registrar-General.

E.

Form of Circular forwarded to the Bench of Magistrates at the principal towns in certain Census Districts, where no satisfactory reply was received to Circular No. 1.

(Circular No. 2.)

Census Office,

Sydney, 24 August, 1870.

Sir,

I have the honor to request you will be good enough to furnish me with the names of two or more persons for the approval of the Honorable the Colonial Secretary, who may be willing and competent to perform the duties of the office of enumerator of the Census of 1871.

2

The particular duties of such office will be to superintend the collection of the Census in your district, also of the live stock and agricultural returns required.

3

The amount of remuneration will vary from £10 to £25, according to the extent and population of the district.

4

The enumerator, when appointed, will propose for consideration the names of persons competent and willing to undertake the collection of the Census ; also, of live stock and agricultural returns—he himself being responsible that the duties of the collector are faithfully and duly carried out.

5

The returns furnished by the enumerator will be prepared in such a manner that the compiler may be enabled to distinguish the amount of population in each separate subdivision of the district.

6

Proper forms, with a map of the district, and instructions in detail, will be furnished to the enumerator when appointed.

7

The enumerator should be a man of sobriety and intelligence ; he should be above twenty-one years of age, and under sixty years, and especially it is required that he should conduct himself with strict propriety and courtesy in the discharge of his duty ; it is essential that he should be well acquainted with the district.

8

As arrangements for taking the Census must shortly be determined, a reply, at your earliest convenience, will much oblige, addressed to "The Registrar-General, Sydney, " Census, 1871.

I have, &c.,

E. G. WARD,

Registrar-General.

F.

Form of Circular forwarded to the Enumerators of the several Electoral, Registry, or Census Districts, informing them of their appointment, and giving preliminary instructions.

(Circular No. 3.)

Census Office,

Sydney, 15 December, 1870.

Sir,

With reference to my former Circular, under date of I have now the honor to inform you that you have been appointed enumerator of the Census to be taken on the 2nd April, 1871, for the district of

2

A circular will be prepared, minutely defining your duties, and laying down such special instructions as may be deemed necessary to guide you and the collectors in carrying out the provisions of the Act. [Two copies.]

3

In the meantime I enclose revised description of the boundaries of your district, as proclaimed in theGovernment Gazetteof 20th October. They have been so altered as to agree with the boundaries of the Police Districts, so that in no case do they now overlap one another. You will see that the subdivisions occasioned by the intersection and non-coincidence of Registry and Electoral Districts, of Counties within the Settled Districts, and of Pastoral Districts in the Unsettled Districts of Towns and Villages throughout the Colony, of Parishes in Cumberland, and of Wards in Municipalities, are carefully regarded. [Two copies.]

4

I also enclose tracings of your district, with a list of the subdivisions absolutely necessary. The duplicate tracing you will please return, with Schedule C, after having marked on it any further subdivisions that you may think convenient for collection. [Two copies.]

5

You will be good enough to fill in the information required in the accompanying Schedule C, showing the number of collectors it will be necessary for you to employ, whether on foot or on horseback, and the number of days they are likely to be employed. The duty should be performed within the shortest possible period and, except in extreme cases—the circumstances connected with which must be specially reported—within the week preceding and that succeeding the 2nd of April.

6

The rates at which collectors are to be paid have been fixed atten shillingsper diem for persons employed on foot, and at not more thantwenty shillingsper diem for those on horseback. No higher rates will be allowed, except under very special circumstances, to be reported to the Registrar-General for his decision. The collectors will, of course, be paid only for the days during which they are actually employed.

7

Your special attention is drawn to the following copy of clause 16 of the Census Act for 1871:— "Any person accepting the office of enumerator or collector under this Act and afterwards refusing or neglecting to do anything lawfully required of him in virtue of such office unless prevented by sickness or other unavoidable cause (in which case the Governor with the advice aforesaid may forthwith appoint another enumerator or the enumerator may appoint another collector approved as aforesaid) shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds." [330 Vict., No.12.]

8

Enclosed you will find, for your guidance, the form of householder's schedule to be used, and also the form of acceptance of office, which every collector will have to sign.

9

I shall be glad to hear from you as early as possible, how many Householder's Schedules you estimate my be required for the enumeration of the entire population of your District.

I have, &c.,

E.G. WARD,

Registrar-General.

G.

Further Instructions issued to Enumerators.

(Circular No. 4.)

Census Office, Sydney

Sir,

With reference to Circular No. 3, accompanying maps and descriptions of your district, I will endeavour to point out as clearly as possible what will be your duties and those of the collectors under you. If, however, any of these instructions should not be quite understood, you will not hesitate to communicate with me, when I shall be happy to give you any further explanation that you may require.

2

I have to draw your attention to the "Census Act for 1871." 33 Victoria No. 12—copy of which is sent cover. Clause 16, which has already been pointed out to you, will be strictly adhered to. The names of the collectors appointed agreeably to the 4th section will be submitted for approval of the Governor as early as possible. Should you be deprived of the services of either one of the collectors after acceptance of office within too short a time before the taking of the Census to enable you to engage a fit person in his place, you will either act yourself, or devolve the duty on one or more of the other Collectors ; and you will report the circumstances of the case to me, for the information of the Government.

3

It is not deemed advisable to issue from this office separate instructions for the use of the collectors, but it is expected that you will extract from this Circular such instructions as may be necessary for their information, supplementing them as you may think fit, and giving them at the same time a copy of those clauses in the Census Act which have more direct reference to them.

4

If you see any chance of a misunderstanding between any of your collectors and those of the surrounding districts, you should communicate with the enumerator of such district, in order to avoid confusion.

5

Presuming that you have now so divided your district that the number of collectors selected will be able to perform the work as nearly as possible within the prescribed time, it will be necessary for them to commence the distribution of the Schedules on or before the 27th March, taking the remote and rural parts first, so that if it should be necessary for you to apply to me for a further supply of Schedules these may be used for the villages or more densely peopled places where the least time is required for distributing them.

6

It is provided that in remote districts the heads of establishments shall include in their returns the names of all persons employed on or about their respective establishments ; but in all such cases, and also in towns, great vigilance should be exercised by the collectors, otherwise the heads of such establishments may from mis-apprehension include the names of persons employed by them during the day, who will again be returned in respect of the premises where they will sleep or reside on the night of Sunday, the 2nd April. The proper course to follow in every case is to return those persons onlywho slept or abode on the premises during the night between the 2nd and 3rd April.

7

With regard to large pastoral establishments, you will give particular instructions to your collectors to obtain a correct return of the number and description of occupied huts or other dwellings. It should be pointed out to employers or superintendents in charge, that not only should the dwellings on the head station be given, but also all occupied residences on the establishment, wherever situated, and the inmates of each should be distinctly given. For all such one return will be sufficient. If, however, any out station belonging to an establishment with your district is situated in the district of another enumerator, or in another subdivision of your own district, such return will of course be given only by the collector of that district.

8

When the collector calls for the returns be should carefully peruse and examine each paper in order that he may be enabled to see that all the information required by the Act has been inserted by the householder, or, if not, that he may ask any necessary question or supply any deficiency before leaving the house or establishment. The collector should be provided with spare Schedules and supplemental sheets, to substitute for any that may be injured or lost.

9

In the case of persons who cannot write the Schedule may be filled up by any competent person, but it must be signed by the householder by mark, to be witnessed by the collector, who should in such case read aloud to the householder the contents of the Schedule.

10

The attention of the collector should be particularly directed to the endorsement of the Householder's schedules, which must be very carefully filled up.

11

To avoid any difficulty in taking the Census of the Chinese population, should there be any in your district, Chinese Interpreters may be engaged if necessary, to accompany the collectors to the camps or settlements of the Chinese, and to assist them in filling up the Schedules. These interpreters will be paid at the same rate as collectors ; but before they are appointed the enumerator should communicate with me, giving all particulars as to their names, the time they are likely to be employed, &c.

12

If the locality in which the Census is taken is a Gold-Field it should be stated in the endorsement of the Schedule.

13

For large institutions, such as Hospitals, Asylums, Gaols, &c., the householder's schedule and supplemental Sheets are to be used, leaving blank such columns as the managers may be unable to fill up. For the heads of these establishments, however, as well as for any officers or assistants sleeping on the premises the usual information must be supplied.

14

By the 7th section of the Act an account is required of houseless persons and travellers. The collectors should be directed to give their attention in the first place early on the morning of the 3rd April to those places to which travellers and others camping out usually resort, so that an accurate account of them may be obtained before they begin to move. In some districts it may be desirable to employ a special collector for this object. The aborigines, who lead a roving life, are not included under the denomination of houseless persons and travellers ; but you will endeavour to obtain, if not accurate information (which may be impossible), an approximate estimate of the numbers and sexes of the wild tribes in your district. Any civilized blacks employed in a house or establishment will be inserted in the ordinary manner in the householder's schedule. No special schedule has been printed for houseless persons ; the householder's schedule must be used for them, leaving blank those columns having no reference to them.

15

The Schedules, when duly filled up, must be numbered and delivered to you by each collector on or before the 13th April ; the collector will then be required to make before a Magistrate a solemn declaration of their accuracy, in the form annexed to the Act. The Schedules must then be arranged by you in regular series for each parish, municipality, town, &c., having regard to all the necessary subdivisions. As soon as conveniently may be, after the receipt of the returns from the collectors, you will appoint a day for their examination, requiring at the same time the attendance of the collectors, to afford any information touching the accuracy of the returns ; it will then rest with you to supply or correct, as far as possible, any defect or inaccuracy which you local knowledge may enable you to discover.

16

Your duty, after you have examined these returns, and supplied any deficiency in the information, will be to see that they are accurately brought to account, according to the several territorial divisions of your district, as already explained, and to transmit the whole to this office, duly numbered in regular series, attaching at the same time the certificate required by the Act (Schedule B), and a collective return in the form enclosed (marked C), which, if properly filled up, will be held

to be a sufficient compliance with the requirements of the 10th section of the Act ; the total of such collective return will of course agree with the totals of the several divisions given by you. As a precaution against possible loss of the original returns a duplicate of the latter statement must be sent separately by the next post.

17

With reference to the last column in the householder's schedule, it will be necessary that the collectors should take down the number and description (as far as possible) of all houses untenanted or in course of erection in his sub-district.

18

It is suggested that, for that purpose, as well as for collecting such information regarding Aborigines, &c., as cannot be included in the householder's schedule, the collectors should provide themselves with memorandum books ; the information contained therein to be carefully collated by yourself and forwarded to this office, together with all other papers. They should also have waterproof bags to carry the Schedules in.

19

Collectors will be paid for such Sundays on which they may be actually on the road, and a certificate to this effect should be given by you.

20

You will see by section 12 of the Act that all public persons are required to give their co-operation and advice in this national work. A circular has been addressed to the several Benches of Magistrates, Municipal Councils, Gold Commissioners, &c., asking their assistance and advice in any case in which you may have to apply to them.

21

Copies of a public notice which has reference to the Census will be forwarded to you under separate cover, and I have to request that you will, on or before the 15th March, cause the same to be affixed to the several Court-houses, Post Offices, Telegraph Offices, and such other conspicuous places as you may think proper throughout your district.

22

I forward under separate cover forms of declaration of acceptance of office, to be signed by each collector, after you have inserted, in the space left for that purpose, a full description of that portion of your district allotted to him. These forms are to be returned to me as soon as completed.

23

Forms of vouchers for payment of the sums due for collection and for any necessary disbursements, by way of postages or otherwise, as well as the householders' schedules and other papers will be forwarded to you shortly.

24

It is of course well understood that the collection of the agricultural and live stock returns is to be made simultaneously with that of the Census, and that no additional emolument is attached thereto.

I am, Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

H.

Circular forwarded to Benches of Magistrates and to certain Officers in the Government Services, in the several Census Districts soliciting their assistance and advice to the Enumerators and Collectors employed at the Census of 1871.

(Circular No. 6.)

Census Office,

Sydney, 8th March, 1871.

With reference to the Census of the Colony, to be taken on the 2nd April next, I do myself the honour to draw your attention to the subjoined section of the Act 33 Victoria No. XII, section 12, and to solicit on behalf of the enumerators and collectors appointed, such advice and assistance as, in the execution of the important districts devolving upon them, they may require at your hands, and you may be able to afford.

I have the honor to be,

Your obedient Servant.

To

33 VICTORIA, No. 12.

12

The Inspector-General of Police, all Municipal Councils, Justices of the Peace, Clerks of Petty Sessions, Gold Commissioners, District Registrars of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, and Inspectors of Sheep within the Colony shall on every request in writing from the Registrar-General supply him, for the use of the Colonial Secretary, with all information in their power respecting fit persons to be appointed enumerators or collectors as aforesaid, together with such advice and assistance upon any and every other point tending to the effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Act as may be in their power. [Authorities to aid in carrying Act into effect.]

I.

Instructions issued by the Registrar-General as Enumerator for the Sydney Registry District, to the Collectors appointed to take the Census of the said District.

Census Office,

Sydney, 16 March, 1871.

Instructions issued to the Collectors appointed to take the Census of the District of Sydney.

THE Census of the City of Sydney will be taken by wards, each ward having been divided into a certain number of parts or sub-districts.

2

Each collector will receive a description of the sub-district allotted to him, but as some of the lanes or alleys may have been left out, it will be the duty of the collector to visit every dwelling in his division.

3

The collectors will carry with them these instructions, as well as the notification of their appointment, which they will exhibit in case their right to act as collectors should be questioned.

4

The object being to take a Census of all persons in the Colony on the night of Sunday, the 2nd day of April, 1871, no other names are to be inserted in the schedule but those of the members of the household or family, visitors, servants, and others, either sleeping or abiding in the dwelling on that night.

5

The word dwelling is intended by the Act to include all buildings and tenements, or other erections, whether permanent or temporary, of which the whole or any part shall be used as a habitation ; therefore outhouses, porters' lodges, &c., are not to be returned as separate dwellings, but as part of the household they respectively belong to.

6

A household, however, is not intended in every case to include all persons in the same house. Whenever two or more families are living separately, although under the same roof, each family should be taken as a separate household, and receive a separate schedule to fill up. This does not apply to lodgers or visitors, who are looked upon as members of the household. The collector will therefore be very careful when leaving the schedules to ascertain how many families are residing in the house, so that he may leave a separate schedule for each family, if possible, with the head of such family.

7

He will also inquire whether the household is composed of more than fifteen persons, when one or more supplemental sheets should be left.

8

When distributing the schedules the collector should give notice that he will call for them on Monday, the 3rd of April, or as soon after as practicable, as shown on the endorsement.

9

The duties of the collector will commence in the course of the last week in March, and all the schedules must be delivered before the evening of Saturday, the 1st of April.

10

Early on the morning of Monday, the 3rd of April, the collection of the schedules will commence ; and in taking them from the hands of the householder, occupier, or person in charge, the greatest care should be exercised by the collector, who will satisfy himself that all the columns have been filled up in accordance with the headings, and any errors are to be there and then corrected, or any omissions supplied under his direction. He will also see, by referring to his memorandum-book, that he receives all the schedules left by him in each house.

11

In the case of persons who cannot write, the schedule may be filled up by any competent person, or in the absence of any such by the collector himself, but it must be signed by the householder or occupier by mark, to be witnessed by the collector, who will read aloud the contents of the schedule, so as to make sure that the person signing is aware of them. He will also and in all cases sign his name at the foot of every schedule when completed.

12

The greatest courtesy should be shown by the collector in the execution of his duties, and all explanations required of him should be given with the utmost willingness. If, however, it happens that any householder or occupier of a dwelling should deliberately refuse or willfully neglect to fill up, to the best of his knowledge, any one of the columns of the schedule, the collector will point out to him that, under clause 13 of the Census Act. 33 Vict. No. 12 (a copy of which is hereunder given), he lays himself open by so doing to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds.

13

Large institutions, such as hospitals, asylums, gaols, &c., are to be returned as one household, and it should be ascertained by the collector how many supplemental sheets are required. It will be left to the head or manager of such establishment to give as much information as he can to the patients, inmates, &c., under his charge. But with regard to himself and family, or to any officer or assistant on the premises during the night of the 2nd April, the usual information should be supplied.

14

Collectors having in their subdivisions any of the quays, wharves, warehouses, &c., lining the harbour, should bear in mind that they have nothing to do with the shipping, and be careful in the case of seamen, &c., to satisfy themselves that their names have not already been taken down on board the ships, &c., to which they belong. The same in hotels, &c., where the landlord should be cautioned against entering the names of any travellers or others having arrived during the night, unless he is certain that they have not already been taken down before landing, or whilst travelling on the road.

15

All travellers, lodgers, servants, &c., residing in hotels, or inns, are to be included in the same schedule.

16

An exact estimate being required of the number of houses in Sydney, whether occupied or not, it will be necessary for the collector to insert in his memorandum-book a description of every uninhabited house in his sub-district.

17

The schedules when completed are to be numbered by each collector, and delivered each day as may be directed ; and no payment will be made in any case until such schedules have been examined, and it has been ascertained that the duties have been satisfactorily performed.

18

Agriculture.—An occupier's schedule should be left with all holders of land exceeding 1 acre.

Live Stock.—The collector will insert in the forms furnished him for that purpose the necessary information with regard to any live stock belonging to individual owners.

19

It now only remains to call attention to the different clauses of the Census Act, extracted for the information of the collectors, and more especially to clause 14, having reference to the penalty they render themselves liable to for willful default.

CENSUS ACT OF 1871.

33 Victoria No. 2.

CLAUSES REFERRED TO IN FOREGOING INSTRUCTIONS.

Collectors to be employed.

4

The enumerators shall subject to approval by the Governor with the like advice appoint in like manner the collectors to be employed by them respectively and assign sub-districts to such collectors.

Forms and Instructions to be issued.

5

The Colonial Secretary shall have the care of superintending the taking of such Census and the collection of returns of such live stock and agricultural produce and shall cause to be prepared and printed for the use of the persons to be employed in taking the same forms and such instructions as he shall deem necessary. And the Registrar-General shall under the directions of such Colonial Secretary issue all such forms and instructions to the persons for whose use they shall be intended.

Schedules to be prepared and left at dwellings and filled up by Occupiers.

6

The Colonial Secretary shall cause to be prepared such schedules forms declarations and circulars as may be necessary for obtaining information as to the name and surname relation to head of family condition sex age rank profession or occupation birth-place religion and education of every person living in New South Wales on the night of the second day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one and also whether any such persons were at the said date blind or deaf and dumb and of all houseless persons travelling or on shipboard. And the said Colonial Secretary shall also cause to be prepared such schedules forms and declarations as may be necessary for obtaining full and true particulars of the agricultural produce and live stock of New South Wales at the aforesaid date. And the enumerators shall in the course of the week ending on Saturday the first day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one leave or cause to be left at every dwelling within their respective districts one or more of such schedules for the occupier or occupiers thereof or of any part thereof and upon every such schedule shall be plainly expressed that it is to be filled up by the occupier of such dwelling (or where such dwelling is let in different stories or apartments and occupied distinctly by different persons or families then by the occupier of each such distinct story or apartment) and that the enumerator or collector will collect all such schedules on the Monday then next following. And every occupier of any dwelling or of any distinct story or apartment in any dwelling with or for whom any such schedule shall have been left as aforesaid shall fill up the said schedule to the best of his or her knowledge and belief so far as relates to all persons abiding in the dwelling story or apartment occupied by him or her and where required shall furnish full and true particulars of all agricultural produce and live stock according to the form contained in the produce and live stock schedule left at such occupier's dwelling and shall sign his or her name thereunto and shall deliver the schedules so filled up or cause the same to be delivered to the enumerator or collector when required so to do.

Account of houseless poor and of travellers.

7

The Colonial Secretary shall obtain by such ways and means as shall appear to him best adapted for the purpose returns of the particulars required by this Act with respect to all houseless persons and all persons who during the said night of Sunday the second day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one were travelling or on shipboard or for any other reason were not abiding in any dwelling of which account is to be taken by the enumerators and such returns shall be included in the abstracts to be made as hereinafter enacted.

Collectors personally to receive the Schedules and see to their correctness.

8

Every collector shall on Monday the third day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one or as soon thereafter as practicable demand and receive the said schedules at all dwellings within his sub-district and shall satisfy himself by inspection of the same that such schedules are correctly filled up or if not so in any particular shall himself by information derived from the occupier make the same complete and correct and in either such case shall then and there countersign the said schedules with his own name.

Collectors to deliver all Schedules to Enumerator.

9

Every collector shall within seven days after all the schedules within his sub-district shall have been completed and received by him deliver them to his enumerator together with a declaration made and subscribed by himself in the form of the schedule hereto marked A And any enumerator may in the case of any defect or deficiency in any schedule so delivered require the collector delivering the same to make further inquiries and to correct such defect or supply such deficiency at his own cost.

Authorities to aid in carrying Act into effect.

12

The Inspector-General of Police—all Municipal Councils—Justices of the Peace—Clerks of Petty Sessions—Gold Commissioners—District Registrars of Births Marriages and Deaths—and Inspectors of Sheep within the Colony—shall on every request in writing from the Registrar-General supply him for the use of the Colonial Secretary with all information in their power respecting fit persons to be appointed enumerators or collectors as aforesaid together with such advice and assistance upon any and every other point tending to the effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Act as may be in their power.

Penalty for non-compliance with Act.

13

Any occupier or person in charge of any dwelling or distinct part of a dwelling who shall refuse or wilfully neglect to fill up to the best of his knowledge or information and belief the schedule so left as aforesaid or to sign and deliver the same or shall refuse or wilfully neglect to answer or untruly answer any necessary inquiry made by a collector or wilfully make sign or deliver or cause to be made signed or delivered any false return or statement of any particular in such schedule or shall obstruct any person in the performance of any duty under this Act shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds.

Penalty for wilful default of Collector.

14

Any collector who shall fail to return to his enumerator all the schedules which shall have been received by him or shall wilfully sign or deliver any untrue schedule or alter any schedule except as aforesaid or shall otherwise wilfully violate any provision of this Act shall for every such offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds.

How declaration to be made and if false how punished.

15

Every declaration under this Act may be made and subscribed before any Justice of the Peace or Commissioner of the Supreme Court for taking affidavits. And any person wilfully making and subscribing a false declaration shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five pounds.

SCHEDULE A.

I a collector appointed under the "Census Act for 1871" do solemnly declare that the schedules numbered from to inclusive contained in the sealed packet to which this declaration is attached are all the schedules under the said Act which have been completed and received by me within the sub-district to which I was appointed and that the whole contents of all the said schedules are true to the best of my knowledge information and belief.

[Signature.]

Made and subscribed before me at this day of 1871.

Justice of the Peace or Commissioner of Supreme Court for taking Affidavits.

PART I.

PART 1.—AGES.

SERIES 1.— Census or Registry Districts

SERIES 2.—Police Districts

SERIES 3.—Electoral Districts

SERIES 4.—Counties and Pastoral Districts

SERIES 5.—Towns and Villages

SERIES 6.—Municipalities

CENSUS OF NEW SOUTHWALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
TOTAL POPULATION IN THE 91 REGISTRY DISTRICTSMales275,5519,2188,0138,3568,2917,7727,6497,4047,2996,8546,6296,5455,6675,917
Females228,4308,8747,9358,0478,1837,2957,3517,1327,0536,6496,5076,4085,6445,674
Total503,98118,09215,94816,40316,47415,06715,00014,53614,35213,50313,13612,95311,31111,591
1. SydneyMales37,7851,3751,0821,1011,108993941908934864850822783763
Females38,3741,3201,0571,0951,116970866911867890829864771807
Total76,1592,6952,1392,1962,2241,9631,8071,8191,8011,7541,6781,6861,5541,570
CITY OF SYDNEYMales36,1491,3691,0751,0971,103989931905929848836800754751
Females38,2741,3191,0511,0911,109966864911865888827864768807
ISLANDS IN PORT JACKSONMales773524241313213
Females661443222123
SHIPPINGMales1,55932212622151120289
Females342421
2. BalmainMales3,191141124130129111105103959078957385
Females3,69514013112511612710310210794105897592
Total6,886281255255245238208205202184183184148177
MUNICIPALITY OF BALMAIN—
North WardMales90039353147244026342319311729
Females1,08551413526382234372937202130
South WardMales1,18656445347442944293429372534
Females1,30960525149594441323633382830
East WardMales78634303628242924242222222319
Females1,00622292728232819281925261624
EnvironsMales319121510719798118583
Females2957912137981010105108
3. NewtownMales3,1441321101241079791100878579889592
Females3,457111921111111119710310010093948381
Total6,601243202235218208188203187185172182178173
DARLINGTON MUNICIPALITY (part of)Males66728202823292614182219142417
Females73118272322192116252024211819
REDFERN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Redfern WardMales11512610261612441
Females1122734673446214
NEWTOWN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
O'Connell WardMales78232382431222327252218192525
Females93924183127262526252325172815
Kingston WardMales1699375592542643
Females1816377736715535
Enmore WardMales641544132243213
Females753112433231333
CAMPERDOWN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Belmore WardMales1906574333564869
Females207811141059783437
Kingston WardMales6212221212141
Females662232331321
Cook WardMales59619162516141127171315181822
Females59721162119201818111819251316
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTHWALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
5,4915,5104,8124,5273,9633,9333,8474,12417,13723,91922,76120,08616,40911,09810,9847,2276,0563,2552,49589262713771
5,3355,4814,7454,5994,1324,0274,0514,29016,72319,69815,22812,8819,4907,0646,8334,1243,2461,5951,1143833325302
10,82610,9919,5579,1268,0957,9607,8988,41433,86043,61737,98932,96725,89918,16217,81711,3519,3024,8503,6091,275959181,073
7537166826315765936036612,7403,6723,2172,7262,3101,5641,39182871536025274511145
8008257497586906678029103,5673,9983,1092,4731,8871,3751,2347736463172327771249
1,5531,5411,4311,3891,2661,2601,4051,5716,3077,6706,3265,1994,1972,9392,6251,6011,3616774841511223194
7387026646105185465695892,4933,3482,9882,5882,2141,5281,3618117093592507451151
7988237477556856677999093,5573,9903,0972,4621,8851,3741,2317716463172327771249
22225168413241
21231164871132
1312182158453470242323223130923527152294
142144441
846359454840443616224224122416412610039522818755
708787967375627130037526322614611810039402617585
15415014614112111510610746261750445031024420078925435121310
2320131271291042848660452821888612
22201832202213248312479674035201511105121
282120152011151068891011005344371316104222
192730272222171610813396814937388984221
2015171415121384150375044352815187532
213633332526272687906464453332141677132
1379465781119171422191431033111
84646555222824141213102411111
7272745438473548171221203187173129117865631231145
748579725760616126229723220916512613465562622999
14615715312695107961094335184353963382552511511125745201314
1814161610710831484443343121184372
172123231510141147635245302534967321
1121241113125431
2211181471062311
25141712214810435045384632341719118312
212931171728221787776148422640231767652
7361124214131211657812
573274251317912837531111
1111426351211
222122855541121
27475345111561267693342
9133424319111510121171822
114334622216431
333111125452334111
1515156101551030283539402825171610312
813101678610374539323931251211553
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
3. Newtown (continued)—
ST. PETER'S MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
St. Peter's WardMales115453446443233
Females1197343424553341
Cook's River WardMales1175321433234625
Females1434335514261413
ALEXANDRIA MUNICIPALITY (part of)Males3533111211
Females382332111111
M'DONALD TOWNMales163129812555543712
Females170117511578872454
ERSKINVILLE AND OTHER LOCALITIESMales691421124313
Females79312132241323
4. GlebeMales2,75110110396691067782836499617573
Females2,9701071029280868180788166706578
Total5,721208205188149192158162161145165131140151
GLEBE MUNICIPALITY—
Inner WardMales31481079176698167615
Females386129988111298611811
Outer WardMales1,11143423927432939392839273322
Females1,09948333535322931293023242426
Forest Lodge WardMales53121272515201218141320101611
Females62719242416201714211619171519
Bishopthorpe WardMales79529242518263019211524172025
Females85828362421262423192718181822
5. Redfern and BotanyMales6,297290219216225206186198173185181178125151
Females6,324253223236238202175197201184161171149132
Total12,621543442452463408361395374369342349274283
RANDWICK MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Coogee WardMales4
Females61
Randwick WardMales3621343413
Females201112411
ALEXANDRIA MUNICIPALITY (part of)Males1,04244433536293731243925291722
Females1,00849394338412337382226382820
WATERLOO MUNICIPALITYMales1,50486525550564539444351592535
Females1,48461484950494150384743294235
REDFERN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Surry Hills WardMales86440303138233039352932161621
Females84237393245262516292033202116
Belmore WardMales99243333635362526302523252428
Females1,10343253936302728312124342021
Redfern WardMales1,26755463745373247283728353026
Females1,32142484648354142475327362331
VILLAGE OF BOTANYMales18585107872436432
Females1821171255109482453
OTHER LOCALITIESMales4031210111113710891571017
Females3589161316168151296996
6. PaddingtonMales5,317173148184177174190164187224201176188178
Females6,094191162156163153160164189241203210170149
Total11,411364310340340327350328376465404386358327
PADDINGTON MUNICIPALITY—
Glenmore WardMales51210141816221811151815141316
Females5431824141218816132419181616
Lower WardMales92238254624302221263028253529
Females1,04334243028332524363027333417
Upper WardMales5651820172620211611142419726
Females66533222824201817221412191012
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
2613249105733245211
3231351099844223111
4611276881646131
1241128151118811642214
1113541321
1157122111
16212116191710454411
11222510241311532311
551258613641
321221315656262221
65695256384345421622102001521551149158522127622
7171527857536054243284204197164829662302310454
1361401041349596105964054944043493191961871208244371076
101678116411182618181986625
131077101274364229222710165331
252724211516232358907162624432213065321
2923163415172215891017167683442271393221
1195121094539254634352117974511
10171420146131848633848231316776113
1917161512171210547757384030342299122
192115171818181770786660462522237563
138149133117105889289364455419400365230216157116644412101
13613412297100719111545554345241928822622011910856301172
2742832552142051591832048199988718196534564362762241207423173
121
1211
11233221
11223
3226242315141313646870666442392418772
1819241417913127064627557303518131141
36263128241724278280971038752533928121125
32302917251818229914310595795959202811733
1621211318810633697161523119177722
101911121171711618861623522211411352
153223232015191558735660603736192412312
283520212013162210595877940423223261235
282929211824171583103887163464739261416331
3920202620182534871079376605450331999111
4322414612221881074423
33633141017169773221
712376946323716282715141511842
67124452922272420912208992111
10911799105908465712753793352932702011611009055301293
1261561031191001241071325106134233202802031661138146321586
2352732022241902081722037859927586135504043272131711016227179
918912121647224327361922256133531
9176109511839504533251719137211
18201921181315115465584460353125208422
19331922162520258889646447512820199631
12111614467926613630272512107742
17138141510111361685036321513121111112
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
6. Paddington—continued.
WOOLLAHRA MUNICIPALITY—
Piper WardMales1,13648344847324035403326322531
Females1,48548383232244229344140372645
Bellevue Ward—
Village of Watson's BayMales12910653553551333
Females1147438233423312
EnvironsMales1681723422586335
Females1935324135512334
Double Bay Ward—
Village of Double BayMales1314956453448253
Females1994724444553543
EnvironsMales1943937653936554
Females3125397568357556
WAVERLEY MUNICIPALITY—
Nelson WardMales2717510138105379393
Females3301413111191181271510129
Bondi WardMales42212211111
Females52121111132
Waverley WardMales3461861010761214919121617
Females336910101469105101014113
RANDWICK MUNICIPALITY—
Randwick Ward—
Part of Village of CoogeeMales1142353211556181
Females1234524443425521
EnvironsMales7031061116275246488152545538
Females626761211252633449859534328
Coogee Ward—
Part of Village of CoogeeMales703221434151121
Females5821222123
EnvironsMales1411111111
Females15111111
7. ConcordMales1,66771534762465042574435414041
Females1,85360565244394845525041674250
Total3,5201311099910685988710994761088291
ASHFIELD (part of)Males3661412171397121587698
Females444111478101014101492089
ENFIELD (part of)Males21810788496835256
Females2049886655759746
BURWOODMales28210156177457761166
Females3126710114144101165710
LONGBOTTOMMales166798444745445
Females2058764564924965
FIVE DOCKMales31317189121471094897
Females32310109485510881289
HOMEBUSH, CONCORD, CHELTENHAM, and other localitiesMales3221398710128101381079
Females365161012116813610514911
8. St. GeorgeMales4,232136155132150128117125107108110123110109
Females4,2061371481371421021371001241141371079291
Total8,438273303269292230254225231222247230202200
WEST BOTANY MUNICIPALITY—
West Botany WardMales293610712108561146711
Females25081061341191312121084
Arncliffe WardMales1225727246234154
Females991642212245242
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
12281915191918156579877758484025239432
3233323226372634134179115717453543621611524
1131259613510332422
26321211131154432
311214331316161199755431
252128342735186129553212
24114159126106233
5488344320221691110643212
5555452314167141596443
78710510910384125221299435211
761254825142225191111105652
6105466661827261319998613
221123523113211
13222221113142111
662912563242217192015103164
9867865103131172519117573
31531295876673221
2442142512123973422
291591093351522231622944432
119432858232930221354221
322111111744232212
3321231462432331
11211
1112211
453332361827233093123104998568735243251784
504939334236373015516212710578657145352612343
9582716960636060248285231204163133144977851291183
97464456173024241918161587141
1587141613611313830241821131498211
6454253411188161351196421
65333244101818787833232
838102645171419211210111172221
79549373243720221191586431
635332147198107543245
67411642181615897647621
9116634581920271015171291142
114947586342522201415127743
7547465322221818191319594521
51611767843828222418617932111
1251201119179576256230288225221219184198125109474615122
89119938368616475313359265212215182166967947231694
214239204174147118126131543647490433434366364221188946931216
101110551441516161613231981121
2743542211131119101397512
32412132613535534332
3222121104925652231
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
8. St. George—continued.
MARRICKVILLE MUNICIPALITY—
Cook's River WardMales1385144845563515
Females1326676323421224
Stanmore WardMales2404968677533855
Females2759654967796635
Middle WardMales3351012146108145610111112
Females344169149111351869799
ST. PETER'S MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Cook's River WardMales845154112312
Females84115432334232
St. Peter's WardMales2919105151259113510145
Females2891210151289115812854
CAMPERDOWN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Kingston WardMales119832164442343
Females11310656222234242
NEWTOWN MUNICIPALITY (part of)—
Enmore WardMales56120212216131613122020111813
Females60215251118161617111213111212
Males46410
Females491171519161216915171714913
PETERSHAM (part of)Males30268101011696391439
Females3097118124108111114778
SOUTH KINGSTONMales1066835516375
Females1396434672245263
CANTERBURYMales1727446517685742
Females1634896663317324
ASHFIELD (part of)Males2097787572469744
Females23155972105434564
KINGSGROVEMales10345553546211
Females9754414143421
ENFIELD (part of)Males621
Females1
OTHER LOCALITIESMales68715261825172417171914182223
Females58715221719132213241423211314
9. St. LeonardsMales2,5491049194777610389726960645959
Females2,57798788097786380617561646970
Total5,126202169174174154166169133144121128128129
EAST ST. LEONARDS MUNICIPALITY—
Village of Milson's PointMales32515121197151271171488
Females41418129191491161087710
EnvironsMales993454645322322
Females103421312422241
VICTORIA MUNICIPALITY—
Part of Village of St. LeonardsMales5322325152215252121141791417
Females59627122323171720201721112519
ST. LEONARDS MUNICIPALITY—
Albert Ward—
Part of Village of St. LeonardsMales10127265542223
Females1048656441222
EnvironsMales116454123432516
Females1073254242371423
Belmore Ward—
Part of Village of St. LeonardsMales2161188461041245885
Females236745876623115610
EnvironsMales56212141423
Females613212211321
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
2443211510881457512
31243138121561281311
115561513122115101418710115121
495733752438181811911104511
1274776551929191815131410745
610697236253220171910155746
1313111510497113341
1112237107444311
1110887152192014191081310643
104423328212412201381497321
423561268107526521
23111145111043632312
202019129119113733342325192215107631
101917171711121358514019353326121153121
14171394863183314302920171335231
14141173897264537303122124364243
891337725141925181911161053211
681075242302022201411128532
22112161067443341
122232141324663343312
2426126313117866958142
372331659108710556641
6343622615914131114845331
49561653262311111091356621
32411112105442826231
2154428953553611
111
1
16191618191016737362927383345232149342
1822191310887323339243230281685221
5857604938193733131178142161150113103735424319714
486547485556423521422517215512592846634191146
1061221079793757968345403314316275205187139884342131314
367843381829191618131197331
1013108810864253242111151711412
21212223856255611
421252321510624643112
1316121211277223227302920191375811
81512410996474649363217111485321
62212610646427111
22122129149644222
13221257714106724111
2214331095782311211
732642211114151012106552411
51198646417132217137622211
2111124344322231
111252109212421
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
9. St. Leonards—continued.
NORTH WILLOUGHBY MUNICIPALITY—
Village of Greenwich and EnvironsMales1995964696334232
Females17415368544104635
North SydneyMales96324265433114
Females84232313232553
LANE COVEMales3881592510131310913101178
Females318181881311716810812710
MANLY COVE—
Village of ManlyMales2111178106710796352
Females2423585658743854
RuralMales87312121523334
Females71236151515113
NARRABEEN PARISHMales62522223211212
Females41421411211
BROKEN BAY PARISHMales6121111
Females2622211
10. AlburyMales5,4911591331621551151361451391161221158295
Females3,69917414613115414513812613312810510194100
Total9,190333279293309260274271272244227216176195
COUNTY GOULBURN—
Municipality of Albury—
Town of AlburyMales99634273132241934242624242224
Females91046273223322926303325231922
EnvironsMales4101311717913161414131287
Females276912111361410788587
Rural (including Black Range Gold Fields)Males1,82451456646354736463237272329
Females1,15358533659435139483337293345
COUNTY HUME—
Corowa, Government TownshipMales351121131211
Females20121121111
Corowa, Private VillageMales1084483232312333
Females81542433411421
Village of HowlongMales5651322321214
Females5113132316241
RuralMales1,34028312233262833342432321418
Females79536323335372327243016262118
COUNTY SELWYN—
Tumbarumba Gold Field—
Village of TumbarumbaMales713141112222131
Females67433352223133
EnvironsMales153757256581221
Females842554444811321
Rural, including Meragle Gold FieldMales308959128106976432
Females1395556455654332
COUNTY DENISON—RuralMales1403273264514613
Females99741555454524
COUNTY URANA—RuralMales50111112
Females241111212
11. ArmidaleMales5,448158158169169149147129154162140139122110
Females4,258172162177171139156149144119144153128120
Total9,706330320346340288303278298281284292250230
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
65834135101112121591178421
346553231010791477861
352416486742231
3311123226359531
811991485252722202116208124212
682566461920182012131382211
7581223151110181610762321
43183953283412201310653211
1222113224665653312
131134346232211
12112311372112
21231361131
11111136764351212
131421231
76776870685774783075426224744302652371401224332139211
77818360625757562323102602101448911053432110621
15315815113013011413113453985288268457435434719316564421911212
1416181612111493992115798433332521105221
19243113191815186671685936222317117411
436762691629342735191710105551
1076655551024201910567431
3022241817172827122192220163122987647481694112
24232018211511148393646034224514177211
11125314111
1122111
4111312129127854321
13331551452311
31112344512111
111114415221
1825141725191820911401431221066868362710639
161716161191510416556444228231293211
3112351544351
123112125813111
11111231618172187221
121111512642211
132633517353528291315792221
211213321421885361
22211371314151095621
21223114477721211
1121387554411
21111131211
13911010680727060943574473813912992342551691435933171016
126125109797473767626129423621415313812270482514542
2652352651591461431361706187416176054523723772391918447221418
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
11. Armidale—continued.
COUNTY SANDON—
Municipal Town of ArmidaleMales72019272018201418172920271817
Females64923192622182123251016262117
Village of UrallaMales1285465264542312
Females12631222555254432
Rocky River Gold FieldMales4358131110811612466810
Females223810151082116971062
RuralMales2,00662496577476446675852454135
Females1,56469545961536845554752584853
COUNTY HARDINGE—
Village of BundarraMales9631442252531
Females884242452345333
RuralMales75430262521301824132816241720
Females59622302132142718241828231817
COUNTY VERNON—
Village of WalchaMales125547233336232
Females1218732444333224
RuralMales69920192114231617212123162017
Females55922183126201625161419151816
COUNTY INGLIS—
Village of BendemeerMales5821332331221
Females522231431342
RuralMales2724984856776864
Females21011610128510665833
COUNTY PARRY—
RuralMales2913121
Females151112111
COUNTY HAWES—
RuralMales902452322141
Females3713121311
COUNTY DUDLEY—
RuralMales36221221113111
Females181111111
12. BalranaldMales41687879661031953
Females17512988835793612
Total5912016161517911171241565
MURRUMBIDGEE PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Township of BalranaldMales137646315261421
Females96764572136131
RuralMales9712115111221
Females38413113113
DARLING PASTORAL DISTRICT—
RuralMales182111334311311
Females41121314212
13. BathurstMales9,415288267265272257246227260238229193166198
Females7,445282261248292234263234254197220214202194
Total16,860570528513564491509461514435449407368392
COUNTY BATHURST—
Municipal Town of BathurstMales2,61172777278746553746860445045
Females2,41985756669746277706368676463
Village of ApsleyMales87333232123325
Females784424435132413
Village of DunkeldMales4322311112
Females391132212232
Rural, (including Gold Fields)Males1,89356494751526044545039482944
Females1,49565466276404750503848434635
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
21181887581354645744392527181373214
191318121015151654554735221911104223
1122111111213653731
25223211615964315212
11436316910424968462622682
9464353212111315996521
543541293327213213115815112587839364752620742
40444829252724268910079745154513225126222
52128951266251
2121311243873231
171718179117944523343533738241373145
17201512691213294026262322218212
3443124101298382342
6533317188757341
1621111011107164660323928324531179352
20201191310893837223018181879411
231241665221
2211115431321
67432366252118231811166921111
672473513171210118322311
12225312111
21121
22211651110454122312
111133253121
1211224221
21111311
442361384564574537211711213
2411311112816102572
682474495692735539262413213
1213131020141510841111
2221617102341
2121112121614692541
12732221
1122132328292418118611
11111343621
184200159158140148130153567838810690529369394277252130100252234
17718215814815814613016046165243840230322724513711155347910
3613823173062982942603131,0281,4901,2481,092832596639414363185134323144
5665484342433353169219206197121112113887038307719
5256624947595057185213133134938610150531510326
14213123872294141
3231111543451121
11232646221
21111223241
414233412633273412016614510591748473653223645
3945363537243027931177572574152311015823
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
13. Bathurst—continued.
COUNTY ROXBURGH—
Village of KelsoMales2754484947474374
Females21061236555646754
Village of PeelMales8424153132123
Females711413253232113
Village of YetholmeMales44221222111
Females40122311131
Village of Meadow Flat or Meadow LeeMales913252622514232
Females6915221112413
Mitchell's Creek Gold FieldMales1348446377565322
Females1213646897913444
Rural (including Gold Fields)Males2,80394717979826273766273574955
Females1,86070696978597753745653585152
COUNTY WESTMORELAND—
RuralMales1,10830394128213432303333251733
Females81535282530344024272225202017
COUNTY GEORGIANA—
Village of RockleyMales655521122231
Females702418132414113
Rural (including Gold Fields)Males17777311363354344
Females15885107385824537
14. BegaMales1,38466425847364552392936343624
Females1,26763555862484234433435433432
Total2,65112997116109848786826371777056
COUNTY AUCKLAND—
Township of BegaMales258165111121189410673
Females2581213131211987737912
Environs of do.Males1757611103118414354
Females181121058483948964
Village of CandeloMales6511311421231
Females5312132124221
RuralMales88642313523302335222221232116
Females77538303939312421272320251715
15. BerrimaMales2,37174828293998174897367746580
Females2,15891848179748375816381606557
Total4,529165166163172173164149170136148134130137
COUNTY CAMDEN—
Town of BerrimaMales266561281066856629
Females20989487125662687
Village of Moss ValeMales7142355122223
Females633431433121
Village of NattaiMales1317428625245526
Females1606232847569535
Village of BowralMales6033111315222
Females731344314233134
YarrimgaMales16571049963742633
Females15285125884555435
BurrawangMales81231363223123
Females6823215135242
KangaloonMales275101010111095168891015
Females24210111191114810314366
Yarra WahMales164785123376415410
Females1377546556846514
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
65686612417322023151196863111
74354637122113987944631
221112564132543312
2111115945631
1121573311122
311113432132
22332675343345
41311235522248111
233123361113116521
1312113109115411
514733363942323913727628424420611112162602824955
42423730423025378616313111294533831201410121
202423181517141478921087353303727291914142
22181015181911225086483925202313184223
21111114654234221
1232214266411
255532131212116871248422
452512510128866423
282737303223272211711887737042412924742
354625272128233174105774642343115164112
63736257535150531912231641191127672444011514
855341141926161622755611
67566171623191265814111
2523442362214939523
384323631014711434141
3263427514161
331343423311
181428241813856556444426252214632
2328161716174564492029261813731
586149493438253012714217011311473845951331279
6149453341422928128167142128755369333015943
119110948275805458255309312241189126153928148211112
5632423119202721161417310112
4375583411202285453211
12231144333153121
211251554122322
33242227583106844
55234241121861176432
24122233254321
1313653924
2183132913168655352
313221210174113551212
12122213694427121
1121313643314221
8556393416131514119594221
1153454331015161610493113
774423461113310552111
33322229912744351
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
15. Berrima—continued.
COUNTY CAMDEN—continued.
Upper and Lower MittagongMales19543691168646772
Females16979104548865444
Sutton ForestMales3261181516151615189129157
Females29713781381681412125128
Other localitiesMales63714252613232221222822221820
Females58826262225181916191517241911
16. BinalongMales2,24470597065646357605445455056
Females1,62175496864585764475235524645
Total3,865145108138129122120121107106809796101
COUNTY KING—
Township of BurrowaMales255108101210761054456
Females19112358485743545
RuralMales86929182930223116262314251827
Females61934222326292030162513121417
COUNTY HARDEN—
Township of BinalongMales1003281313424231
Females893263444122351
RuralMales69517211513201626151716111313
Females49117152616141415131212191917
COUNTY MONTEAGLE—RuralMales3251110899865773119
Females231978117111010951345
17. BombalaMales1,65267424941544350484034453422
Females1,20248374964414641393338433727
Total2,8541157998105958991877372887149
COUNTY WELLESLEY—
Town of BombalaMales301912137861369126106
Females264126101110810666666
Environs of do.Males127833884543442
Females131101975103353551
Village of Cathcart and EnvironsMales854622513211212
Females553125132322412
RuralMales1,13946213124412830352618331912
Females75223292841252526272027282518
18. BourkeMales1,092211419191219912789510
Females4162311221714718914126115
Total1,50844254136262627212120151615
WARREGO PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Township of BourkeMales2046656153421324
Females11410242353372142
Environs of do.Males5813112122
Females2121211111
Village of BreewarrinaMales621122123111
Females33122222121112
Village of GongolgonMales3112221112
Females3434131311
RuralMales5057186782223124
Females143569631932734
ALBERT PASTORAL DISTRICT—RuralMales18031312111
Females512122111
WELLINGTON PASTORAL DISTRICT—RuralMales5221112111
Females2022111
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
76257334713177754439111
7541337151484273323
6572342123171720159876521
986666541621172111673351
16201416101171130374325281418231411724
181414912127639364033241522138423
47513835354136381441761901219078100878644343111
364218393634432712211710170564436402698221
839356747175796526629329119114612213612711253425132
5343515314232916111277532
87124764161915104543111
20221513152212155562623525273738442012181
101271111121815394343222214161915432
134311165128446211
2213181144243211
16181013713101552586339332140242011172
131372113101454328272320149124411
555654841728242317141016171022
583372431616121187445121
22282019182930258615417312910366624936189412
302433192429102575958260384026201653221
525253384258405016124925518914110688695223126213
675544841518292217881356
103104763516291813131452111
11214245171045522222
243121181089422151
2221357611153311
11212167111
15201310131920166311412797705247312697312
17171912152261949555031202319161043111
10917121081719921871801111064454211743214
7857645849633520162651
17172219161222271412502151311224660261743224
2254151184332121125634
32211232161575511
121251310542
11351
111149124443111
113222111
11446111
11245211
4635448850837558642232118214
24132417201385123
21322125936382219101014
122116164242
342357442221111
111122221
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
19. BraidwoodMales6,543211190197219179214183186159170167148132
Females4,879222199193194175168184188163185143141115
Total11,422433389390413354382367374322355310289247
COUNTY ST. VINCENT—
Town of BraidwoodMales62223182622152711181817231015
Females57520191319171526211715131517
Jembaicumbene Gold FieldMales51112131191113131061481510
Females32612151317101216167157108
Major's Creek Gold FieldMales64815211822141716111614211117
Females42627172311121511171416111510
Araluen East Gold FieldMales1,60657545565496253602653404333
Females1,29469585658454947463850334723
Araluen West Gold Field (part of —see Broulee District)Males7523425263320302324241818157
Females58730332324222621142722231313
RuralMales1,80747424148554346445139414135
Females1,19046444542543549564647422831
COUNTY MURRAY—
RuralMales56221161718152220181714161314
Females45915132021131514161320131312
COUNTY DAMPIER—
RuralMales35213211111
Females2232212111
20. Brisbane WaterMales1,43038524644405441493233433134
Females1,17741504142423441384150323336
Total2,607791028786828882877383756470
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Village of West GosfordMales39131221121
Females282111111
Environs of GosfordMales76112321112122
Females50222122415112
Village of East GosfordMales572324131221
Females442112121341
Suburbs of East Gosford (Extension Reserve)Males107444444334322
Females87252225255213
RuralMales1,15132423834334236412526362532
Females96835403637373232313337282729
21. BrouleeMales2,17471535370576166625553423347
Females1,56595604765586843584255524628
Total3,73916611310013511512910912097108947975
COUNTY DAMPIER—
Township of MoruyaMales2701538138109878673
Females2771811971291099121195
Environs of do.Males89322324625313
Females1053135183524532
Village of Bodalla and EnvironsMales8051227173322
Females56613141122311
Araluen West Gold Field (part of—see Braidwood District)Males541311111
Females1821112
Nerrigundah Gold FieldMales3706759384935432
Females1133644352364431
RuralMales62818201426142719152211131118
Females52037281325192814241223181611
COUNTY ST. VINCENT—
Village of NelligenMales681232112332
Females59414332241111
RuralMales6152517191519122121171813916
Females417221111201615111110811127
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
1229897837676676334952069962743425425812711255491183
1211039491855883703013513483051671541135749162698
2432011911741611341501336508711,047932601408371184161717520163
111111815548324745462728331312986
17881710891349403738272020595512
8104323741947696943272511555
61149563225262214118553111
139984717365210360473315139441
71177777830333120102485311
302228221720131169129180157109445022148713
32192128219149841101099044322415833
17887556631707798443216118321
14138681057264755362113887211
313028302326321911713418515513768924144151791
362635202511342054656076444530111231053
1187410948413939412421271419105
91511497111133272930101218871621
12114211312111
351
4240363125222532108107777253295246402616761
262427322211261966977153382754231111873
68646363473351511742041481259156106695137241491
222111232212211
2212442111
231113811734143311
111312331411111
3222115551522
111119131151
3433335537623213451
213221125953314421
32312826211720239385565645234140312110541
212022271992416547463443122401889562
454228462431242615018219717515811075494520141315
314534283818252686132828466483623229915
76876274624949522363142792592241581117267292323110
63852125172515201514665631
910637314929111591045713
3232216434932252
24634123363248522
11312123653353141
2121165341211
131461156121211
111112211
73113113153644834307522
212313412101255221
1515517612985259523444221415105312
81310119487304028252271056351
21214126742421
312484211411
1116111612157953395238292914171444111
9128914811628322124231511663114
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
22. CamdenMales2,09074667566685887616858556058
Females1,94266577262687152476066786250
Total4,032140123147128136129139108128124133122108
COUNTY CAMDEN—
Town of CamdenMales294157159119121265965
Females3109889101569681079
RuralMales1,34448504340463661375138324244
Females1,19341354944384338234048474327
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
Village of NarellanMales41111211121
Females4121143121111
Narellan ParishMales22564109487597675
Females2311087892459613411
Cook ParishMales1864466746626754
Females1674571783843773
23. CampbelltownMales93832302822312927231532292428
Females93238212737202326282628281526
Total1,87070515559515253514160573954
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
Township of CampbelltownMales28381266911138310866
Females309136817486148101247
St. Peter's ParishMales2361159514787461168
Females2461191259511375918
Village of AppinMales874536131224154
Females926116235426211
Appin ParishMales1511542333536652
Females1354323222222455
Menangle ParishMales1495253431135225
Females1194244152462124
Narellan ParishMales2331112
Females24121211
Southend ParishMales911111
Females71111
24. CarcoarMales3,967115961131111118392828671784886
Females2,44410890971041038693796976724763
Total6,41122318621021521416918516115514715095149
COUNTY BATHURST—
Township of CarcoarMales20286551184552325
Females193106106368586623
Village of BlayneyMales6532643121313
Females57545321312
Belubula, Lumpy Swamp, Burnt Yards, and Flyer's Creek Gold FieldsMales59112119155128857749
Females2641312171587811105585
RuralMales1,26340314635442538343227292029
Females87333332838372833222429262126
COUNTY GEORGIANA—
Trunkey Gold Field—
Village of TrunkeyMales43021711131149575928
Females2511611111311512654435
EnvironsMales1684327524414334
Females85464337141614
Tuena Gold Field—
Village of TuenaMales86131321121111
Females4531113212232
EnvironsMales2045436593462525
Females13396710855512514
RuralMales95821293023252125182820211422
Females5431813191828202123171921816
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
73576150433841329911189106826974517238321071
6148424631363530108150949176707143432719622
13410510396747476622072611831971581391459411565511693
7511747531617132012910710532
12679596220291716910146104311
49413230252128226170626653394635412124451
3631253316212119678955505441412921148411
113123321311431
1112421221321
76109533381071011997143121
79613455713151379107734
104746742111159698136411
52436134121551148512432
3627242619171515514849442840293527202477
232529262115151974535539532941201916755
595253524032303412510110483816970554636311212
1166113533101516181111111366822
6610755462023231515138568412
8773443315615108108381642
55686363191216717812454131
23321246213442511
5331118423825321
87634444111223383103242
546453281188564743211
735584338108847256651
263453121444762822111
114122112
12122211211
1111
12
515155483843415623335543144126618519611190413291012
5770394550513855174219146130816362372167123
10812194938894791114075745775713472482581481114739101215
14243341320151012910663422
644356371220911675411
11310291711
132321436321
597868812327680896126329731
3647245622221318145711
2319281815131117771079565637247311611354
23311015181816205446503133291763122
3414122320427373262023124122
753346543029191175331
1112452023271966412
23151376121
13111144139125415111
121143313122
341132132014192921962412
52622133141081332
17131210712151259769910049404230321511235
14171010161251440453322167139102511
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
25. CassilisMales1,83048523930443640423441243633
Females1,00845363739364536432727312222
Total2,83893887669808176856168555855
COUNTY BLIGH—
Township of Cassilis or DalkeithMales78341222311142
Females6313244433321
Tallawang Gold FieldMales4835845763227323
Females12310575453542151
RuralMales87326261817241821191717161622
Females5232516181915222220181617715
COUNTY BRISBANE—
Village of MerriwaMales15077835341045181
Females1375425974443431
RuralMales2467785671081011365
Females16248864771113654
26. Clarence TownMales53515142917132116161615161811
Females46522171511161313171818141311
Total1,00037314428293429333433303122
COUNTY DURHAM—
Township of Clarence TownMales17248136467464573
Females17869531146784453
RuralMales30210514971471010910116
Females2411461074868712678
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—RuralMales6111222122212
Females4622111123241
27. CoomaMales2,49194917477517965656554684156
Females1,89277699367777160686147563856
Total4,38317116016714412815012513312610112479112
COUNTY BERESFORD—
Township of CoomaMales2879721181441335558
Females20598107657556345
Environs of CoomaMales5132322123212
Females4311322332312
RuralMales68822242224101915171611201216
Females52716192820182611181412191212
COUNTY WALLACE—
Kiandra Gold Field—
Village of KiandraMales69122112312132
Females33111111322
EnvironsMales982211
Females141211111
Village of SeymourMales373412111
Females32221231121
RuralMales1,07845434028243735263432292029
Females86740274228452831333519251629
COUNTY WELLESLEY—
Village of NimmitibelMales61221313123221
Females6133212431312
RuralMales1227536434351612
Females1105865255323234
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
2425252021271928128180189174151919855411216241
1826152120172412727867575433211572111
425140414144434020025825623120512411970481417351
312113114447528221
11212112373252
33252516396877897024197411
233281511125221
1212131111141214577879516050523729101013
5148611101574140322432201474111
32321323111111104173421
74335131108101144143
375162341719181712141262131
55282232108118872311
2120141781113432381916201223289841
14141310109711283419201618171110141
35342727182020156072383636304039199811
7824323256107768753
57444245111281067335111
111111135310119237812514173331
83864635152088101010653
3116189211114121
1412112232142
465242434145323416822819016011080127546536247522
334732404337472914615710992504958323078222
7999748384827963314385299252160129185869543329724
686444132628292113913553221
16457793181813104610121
3111441115231
11221151321
18121411141614651725540222033132412715
1210111315891043413130151114912422
11111611557261
3113151122
1115182316103113
12111
27532221
1111136111
19241823212015227084635843325327271510633
12241417122021136669533723252516123421
11147243163221
32228424123111
2334131710953382233
45214315965233121
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
28. CoonabarabranMales1,34436373232382629322526322124
Females87529403444223632303124242025
Total2,21965776676606261625650564149
COUNTY GOWEN—
Township of CoonabarabranMales944474534333312
Females693342211333132
Environs of CoonabarabranMales53312213311
Females46124323121221
RuralMales35410711914991098876
Females204513576781073456
COUNTY OF LEICHHARDT—
Township of CoonambleMales1153224116532243
Females944452251433222
RuralMales184275514423212
Females1002454152412424
COUNTY NAPIER—RURALMales388121196751929966
Females236118813781441010956
COUNTY BARADINE—RuralMales117232215121623
Females86321917224311
COUNTY WHITE—RuralMales39213111111
Females40424131223
29. CowraMales86235252323292525181918201312
Females52917242021152320121715141019
Total1,39152494344444845303633342331
COUNTY BATHURST—
Township of CowraMales1503433642356242
Females1152343245434626
Rural, including Word's Flat Gold FieldMales485251514181813141077966
Females2638121212512104610567
COUNTY FORBES—RuralMales2277662589575934
Females1517946875481326
30. DeniliquinMales1,77635365939473032303028251913
Females93841383137383227322818151816
Total2,71476749076856259625846403729
COUNTY TOWNSEND—
Municipal Town of DeniliquinMales665201033212317141618121059
Females453222116142312181716108106
RuralMales717111516814711891010102
Females2861110814111151185535
COUNTY DENISON—RuralMales14525242313112
Females762424312221
COUNTY URANA—
Village of JerildereeMales105253652222231
Females654122132222122
RuralMales144242212231112
Females5822333311112
31. DubboMales2,68866657266667364584354483038
Females1,60176687165495546554843464033
Total4,2891421331431311151281101139197947071
COUNTY LINCOLN—
Town of DubboMales45825112019102491710151534
Females37819231513126181489111211
Village of CobboraMales66333231231122
Females5415212311112
RuralMales364510106123911911737
Females2158681310109875423
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
24171522241914257412510612510071734733211144
2022141718141717488361413328259443222
4439293942333142122208167166133999856372514626
31121578584111
332314766111
41121113437112121
211215321211
22496538162828242523181213551
97142255522131188831211
232142584231043231
221422712846131
23336641515172016121145211
311343124124267412
7455643626463534281831207713
345454551421189875111111
33324134991169662321
143221116836422211
11129152221
1111316112
1779121012126457380584635604026101432
78121161481137473923211815144331
241521231626201782120119816753755430131742
53313531281712927541111
24423426811429321
8158685224424334232335261061121
635528342424181313588221
43134121923201214101891232
13322315715106647321
2111171415181928137214208217164957645261110331
141510111114181776998975542213147431
35262725263237452133132972922181178959331513332
962736815375457865938322083412
91143589932374438239510112
551436761062105968171443117964211
3145143622363119219515111
2231322018152113344611
1121122121244512111
211168201310431
113248781211
31123211229201611663311
2211266364111
3739332737313361221274273225184121127815825155731
33372928273130201421631167452403516143529
7076625564626381363437389299236161162977228205940
79535445313651392961110101226
710648984444118171168231
12213446333323
322511213153221
71153611361535343724122111113321
65454214191913910510312
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
31. Dubbo—continued.
COUNTY GREGORY—
Village of CanonbarMales84312314111
Females452211113131
RuralMales51081511161291581081057
Females271147121171447612583
COUNTY OXLEY—
Village of WarrenMales93412415231112
Females663322331141521
RuralMales2083342414322212
Females905656232321212
COUNTY NARROMINE—RuralMales2005453565131411
Females1025484222453335
COUNTY LEICHHARDT—RuralMales1141214541442
Females52135213121111
COUNTY EWENMAR—RuralMales32761097987746654
Females17010695534492663
COUNTY CAMBELLEGO—RuralMales45122211
Females222111121
COUNTY GORDON—RuralMales219565536514246
Females136103364721016333
32. DungongMales1,02937404129272539262823323031
Females92139393226372826202427232035
Total1,95076797355645365465250555066
COUNTY DURHAM—
Township of DungogMales204886687101176573
Females19251232684516759
RuralMales38116131281041210128191217
Females32911713711111141396812
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—RuralMales444131923159141759981111
Females400232016172091111101210714
33. EdenMales6653720262225241720172141411
Females5472112251824222417131616159
Total1,21258325140494641373037202920
COUNTY AUCKLAND.
Township of EdenMales1013252522126132
Females1135243366214152
Village of PanbulaMales136958353743523
Females1576885946745251
Village of MerimbulaMales6371344323222
Females522312431322
RuralMales365181210131116612108376
Females2258210910897841154
34. ForbesMales4,018130121105107117105122888272847260
Females2,691126102127106104981031038966685765
Total6,709256223232213221203225191171138152129125
COUNTY MONTEAGLE—
Mining Township of GrenfellMales92044442627313028222218201315
Females73733283432273130292015191512
RuralMales91530302625222325202524192212
Females63931313323292426272817141416
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
3223291211107222
212125481111
53837271059485347372226111032112
3776392322292317784317
22143139106452311
33211455411311
423452193223171791911431
111321112444511
44123229302018111112811431
32113211855312311
211121251012610118353111
1121115671211
253541372632272319222196641310
3522314112231511414211111
1112568521121
121131211
5445323610242713182079331
1423322412136662441
273329232216242265894238282841343018111
23282330202123207364403934362418195311
506152534237474213815382776264655249231421
88652124121541068597
3697272111612109972511
989101059825281512111321141056
11141495886292111111520569211
101714810101310284623161171511131351
98912811812332717181071210522
1711121089125356951382820241423104412
17101879111144339322624181412105311
3421301717202397810883645238382633157522
4321312611655814111
353121126784624311
1223136117867631021
4431223291311711632211
11264552121
122213272211111
126857585254629191269897331
9483464220131298586531
6667504745434744202379388430319199163786627105672
574646433637403918223819818910168551815741156
1231139690818087833846175866194202672189681341467128
141291010965387892115834227151041
131312913111210598158522217168411
1317510869335761051241004530910412
121010838973555534732151052212
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
34. Forbes—continued.
COUNTY ASHBURNHAM—
Forbes Municipality—
Town of ForbesMales3761314111317192012948812
Females3341510161471216126912713
EnvironsMales266988131151811671385
Females2121751014101010737164
RuralMales4101510891078453572
Females209761256751094937
COUNTY FORBES—
Forbes Municipality—Environs of TownMales512131532211
Females371121121311
RuralMales26863564641144555
Females1566936753264346
COUNTY CUNNINGHAM—
Village of CondobolinMales54343131
Females4122224331211
RuralMales14811231331322
Females6823311223423
COUNTY KENNEDY—RuralMales1711112132313
Females5832321222
COUNTY FLINDERS—RuralMales5112112
Females101111
COUNTY DOWLING—RuralMales48111211141
Females16311211
COUNTY GIPPS—RuralMales181456435742542
Females12864621142542244
COUNTY BLAND—RuralMales159222452251511
Females46332223311
35. GoulburnMales7,342235182236238204248207225215204210160187
Females6,414248190225213192197214191179207176185184
Total13,756483372461451396445421416394411386345371
COUNTY ARGYLE—
Municipal Town of GoulburnMales2,24763506468558360736272614752
Females2,20692597559674674556171506350
Village of TeralgaMales8453221333331
Females813441322312342
Village of MarulanMales543211221221
Females5831224312351
Village of CollectorMales852241524232312
Females843751511321542
Village of BungoniaMales39121111
Females32211113
Merruninga Gold FieldMales1356572733414226
Females8246438132231
Currawang Copper MineMales1105742435151542
Females81442433613123
RuralMales3,8341299512912811113311711811710710988107
Females3,1811209611112791120105105889710689105
COUNTY WESTMORELAND—RuralMales132121
Females411
COUNTY GEORGIANA—RuralMales74120222331191912232013261617
Females6051713211611202321212691818
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
64644154926324526111311711
78757558222232259125321
9615532341120191720735211
842421136131524758131
46663667263939413428251094216
435155521218129103611116
1131122464131
3111241622
89435457103617181318158554132
3457442116121076533
2122435673112
16623
2412323182015158543311115
2421335243112
33312135172016116811521134
11213232224
111121197335351
12111
121410552122
3211
23542231930131010666531
33222154111177432212
215124341519181266181622
111115623122
1591731441451421111281304676004693973272572852311899480282015
15718514216313513511312349150834230327719821311810056291087
3163582863082772462412539581,108811700604455498349289150109382822
5151435040313430140195165164105928166492317316
555846525857424921118513310810870583924149512
212141189642235211
2123125654524221
14431141431132211
1122211233231133
32132214743266312
3213267333223211
213134312221232
321132123113
11131221516241063331
111261482321211
222115611910522121
22213116861513111
8391826771537273244295207176164131158119116525118176
799371795460515121324315615212210111861573116472
412
11
201815142214151748624725422127311610871
1823172317141211364128293315249115212
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
36. GraftonMales4,98619617216515716714011012812213712611892
Females3,979178159172177148149138141114110111107107
Total8,965374331337334315289248269236247237225199
COUNTY CLARENCE—
Municipal Town of GraftonMales1,13544334443373731363244293823
Females1,11537534639343935392838203928
Village of LawrenceMales701212121112
Females67422321222112
Village of MacleanMales742454262132212
Females652311123131425
ShippingMales73
Females2
RuralMales3,138129119104951168374818385847657
Females2,4971229111312410510096917661795866
COUNTY FITZ ROY—RuralMales49620141113111239451128
Females23313101010672859768
37. GundagaiMales2,73088809686788283767561644760
Females1,96978688584688369726570624854
Total4,69916614818117014616515214814013112695114
COUNTY WYNYARD—
Township of AdelongMales496181624221921171910179812
Females36816181519121918819131274
South part of Town of GundagaiMales1144474225425422
Females1091341462239444
RuralMales50515141116161415181611201013
Females3681617171215231410151211510
COUNTY CLARENDON—
North part of Town of GundagaiMales4331412151111181210169768
Females3521010171414101316613121011
RuralMales620201720171613191214912911
Females37817101218121591714137913
COUNTY BECCLEUGH—RuralMales129524372212233
Females9452342363243
COUNTY HARDEN—
Village of JugiongMales1502343345756436
Females974664414312552
Village of CootamundryMales1405575432443132
Females974157334415333
RuralMales143574556161533
Females1065165442631454
38. HartleyMales2,82191861089111110586928566715865
Females2,34410910986100957995706671745652
Total5,165200195194191206184181162151137145114117
COUNTY COOK—
Village of RydalMales186123871093654516
Females1245446176374526
Environs of do.Males1035342164221617
Females94123352544713
Township of HartleyMales3611121121
Females341311311121
RuralMales1,87659557357796961565946483734
Females1,56179796071704862534146384132
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
101907788736666853824904123722621661669673313212214
95738389726756702753512342081271039676511413618
196163160177145133122155657841646580389269262172124454518322
182016211412131260988177634149272210451
2822192621152324791006166463327281225111
12122259145612121
4131111612261121
112125766313
12131511342111
25191612982
11
74615554494941642472862502241449894574021274211
5947555645452939162199150123696459483710757
76511641076373444834152087131
426443272328189946111
464143372844284816722622822917411510669543119696
414433443339362711215614511568484341209711
87857681618364752793823733442421631491107440266107
7934357192951593821101113211
4389677319342724136742221
2512132287855241621
2453425558533431
951091153628403838371618141244144
8936497515283218145713413
104762651527353136252417139651
1010789385222724241289334
66116513794764585644282914108433
97796735313425221512115211
331121212238945723421
322123247882222331
261423221399597104511
22222311110844314
4322243241016116674411
24121511569424121
6531353999106646421
1332231747915341
6363384040313445166230233194138118916939272013212
61444737303732401701941671259372413430176131
12410785777068668533642440031923119013210369442614513
34232123151515111113511
24321221881845211
121212310117374311
31212239377452111
11135153321
1222134211
44432722262021291041621591371017658392320145112
41263323161722241061361118862473224171222
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
38. Hartley—continued.
COUNTY ROXBURGH—
Environs of Village of RydalMales421311325132
Females3532122112231
RuralMales601543222122
Females61431425132312
COUNTY WESTMORELAND—RuralMales398102012121411131612781113
Females34415131413913129981658
COUNTY GEORGIANA—RuralMales1204428241432433
Females91132415332332
39. HayMales2,41049433936393729312522272228
Females1,04548444846364036343629241817
Total3,45597878782757765656151514045
MURRUMBIDGEE PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Township of HayMales38813131056711677747
Females27691015128131011812747
RuralMales6168774774572458
Females254151371571375115463
LACHLAN PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Village of BooligalMales82422221311311
Females38211161111
RuralMales1,32424212025242214171012131212
Females477242124182013131816111286
40. InverellMales1,35251414746433644462831291526
Females1,01445405228424432323322342334
Total2,36696819974858076786153633860
COUNTY GOUGH—
Township of InverellMales2691467123126856252
Females2401161578107872749
Environs of InverellMales1937811310310954517
Females1514565865475817
RuralMales577231722231715152091412314
Females40621181812172114121110121311
COUNTY ARRAWATTA—RuralMales31371078136139971063
Females217911134976885757
41. KiamaMales2,9461131161141201161148910592901097285
Females2,8041051021051048810981948987887182
Total5,750218218219224204223170199181177197143167
COUNTY CAMDEN—
Kiama Municipality—
Kiama Ward—
Town of KiamaMales3841715161316121319151014814
Females3991381312161720141121121013
Suburbs of KiamaMales2478910441168781485
Females250697876610611357
Gerringong Ward—
Village of GerringongMales43212212131
Females5611622221221
RuralMales72129334032283420242225191616
Females67235182526232716252322261816
Jamberoo WardMales76827362730352725262120311826
Females71326343027222717212118171816
Shellharbour Municipality (part of)—
Village of ShellharbourMales61311523323
Females73353346113222
RuralMales68927202036272623222224262120
Females61020271925142319222115271625
Village of RobertsonMales331221321
Females311211212
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
31111121513
112344
3122123451351111
2111128424121
711486867292732171210122110435
788961049322613171113688131
113414288107637331211
4221341127635311211
162418253126284622536730425923413011946401873116
20211111111611159010088794225191771113
364529364242396131546739233827615513863471983219
2565515926444744321716863211
4724443322262521758311
285561371163113676668293617119113
3424154218281918151032311
112136111378321
1114246121
1110713201116231301991771421268165212364112
131073564946444034198811312
162515101724161589149110987152623627972118
232628231315132559956935492520191123
39514333303929401482441791331207782553811102118
1611662214383125141091032
7874542717261771166311
352216121510181011834
43942181212682441
911968145840504632262230141275118
910117556122037221524879612
33331335234623232191598211
351815561420187693331
56745063505838361492121861641237281584836371253
637365614147535018023618813296807954352327862
11914711512491105918632944837429621915216011283596420115
6114575231324262822171165331
510814652324333515181215531131
376484631415169157774451
79883588132316891176343
21121644322
321121544312311
151612151015119386342412611171476951
131517991514949573834251517131025222
1517191612186103549534224172315171113331
19231391512141241625331242023141081213
1313113354322321
2122111211123122211
1417819101212104350383927171613121053
141214165811154444403616171611675
31111222121211
3121113222111
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
42. LiverpoolMales2,13562464951364641482745423824
Females1,35840474234423937454340254048
Total3,493102939185788578937085677872
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
St. Luke's Parish—
Town of LiverpoolMales9571814131310171317881292
Females38111161011128714151110118
Village of SmithfieldMales151957547471531
Females1134556375434162
RuralMales296669105458511111310
Females2581175565107964212
Bankstown Parish—RuralMales2299778658587543
Females1715643544454468
Cabramatta Parish—RuralMales117434423314414
Females8044333133141
Holdsworthy Parish—RuralMales1347437224213232
Females1265453664544227
Minto Parish—RuralMales2036746382627563
Females19924835567483710
Southerland Parish—RuralMales27221111
Females111111
Wattamolla Parish—RuralMales21111111
Females1921111111
43. M'Donald RiverMales345101681315135141091599
Females28091271151097688910
Total62519281524202314211617231819
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Township of St. AlbansMales3112221111
Females261121111
RuralMales1705736763875926
Females1305425264235545
COUNTY HUNTER—RuralMales1444735862624572
Females1243756135523344
44. Macleay RiverMales2,73912084111103959394758078655661
Females2,23611410910894907882895873635151
Total4,975234193219197185171176164138151128107112
COUNTY DUDLEY—
Township of West KempseyMales2971571510987439949
Females3281519101212109117151088
Village of FredericktonMales1041436142351242
Females843433242323321
RuralMales95340303732332043213425272028
Females75333353435362427291921301720
COUNTY MACQUARIE—
Township of East KempseyMales1223373776421332
Females118754541566323
RuralMales6563622312825242717212415179
Females50128252622212119181715999
COUNTY RALEIGH—RuralMales60725181824203092615189811
Females4522821311715182022131381310
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
393733253436282086116115103100659783110119177827014
41382632252521191068492656840493142913541
8075595759614939192200207168168105146114152128190877424
154755122319293241382949408394155736413
12671155583427221920161299253
4441247351117682332322
4111991144143321
991163542201718172013111010233
711641064224121413239104631
5545715281914171151112436111
44553423811141254105622
132132328117762831361
43112238645111611
1423341388105885338212
524351111411433323121
283486441519126847115651
9835547316119876858311
1321232122
112111
12122211111
313111
11135613612623161612981111510411
881110656717241416310774321
192116161911181340403028121818189134311
2123322221
111111431112
5652768310564246616211
354431465108825411211
674442118767433421
42653311811671435111
545141463140423517429721214915981834636181865
504745424137433513919214711276525434159411
104988688727785703134893592612351331378051272276
6876549526242317109971453
689710476252222231145742
5323123857792621
241332124474251211
15221620152014136593683557322511199941
171717139171794869343226232695311
422422161395428412
2311435211884523311
148874779277759413220199921
1487118649234741271881592221
108667684428546444716161363111
971077597284235221410461
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
45. MaitlandMales6,802214222200227206219212236193207196166200
Females6,868187254207212206203182197200178231186195
Total13,670401476407439412422394433393385427352395
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Municipality of East Maitland—
Town of East MaitlandMales85624242624262628252420231622
Females81926232625162619252319222222
Annexed areaMales1105455236322573
Females1075221752143432
EnvironsMales1914826548648938
Females1993766538878487
Village of MulbringMales62121242232241
Females6036242224241
Municipality of West Maitland—
Town of West MaitlandMales2,41780756378618563836775666067
Females2,66267936775626057796572866876
Annexed areaMales1575666365728773
Females14557384811225
Village of LochinvarMales1487736245471547
Females1724735568663754
Village of BranxtonMales1312434365464444
Females123732353232312
Village of Bishop's BridgeMales6232314132224
Females54212131423241
Village of CessnockMales4322214211
Females4631122132512
RuralMales1,95466616861735764725458584664
Females1,84652757256735962486451724855
COUNTY DURHAM—
RuralMales67117291932242121272227161316
Females63517252027242718192115202024
46. Manning RiverMales2,7809496100921198485939782607177
Females2,391909994105759298776570826966
Total5,171184195194197194176183170162152142140143
COUNTY MACQUARIE—
Township of WinghamMales541223722111
Females483232131111
Environs of do.Males35131113221
Females30114112
Village of TareeMales16476127736876464
Females17549576109559354
Village of CundletownMales6312122211213
Females58142213232132
Oxley and other IslandsMales66327262018353126252519152220
Females61028242729212226241919261617
RuralMales1,05034343942442928413035232229
Females89730393438264030282424352629
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—
Village of TinonceMales8213415224113
Females6622251422123
Environs of TinonceMales1911112
Females27212311212
RuralMales65022192119181319162817141519
Females48019181820151621151015141410
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
16918317213811712612287416433377347321237250190183988131233
191190175157160114146119512520400362282228236158137634714163
36037334729527724026820692895377770960346548634832016112845396
1923229111117116055704747353427231110321
212421212019141163576531323631242146121
253322213846473111
352214115697555221
53633263871098128736313
246141441318141288245612
22124593111122
1212225513121
62764556414344271551631111451249589716241281042
68756659684563532182271531581139210160553019651
8142413297775247445
74334377141061043734
617133115978673522
4763832381281044102513
21331413109678244532
74532212979984325311
3331131623122211
11111272233112
2311314421222
221331331211
434260374445332911113810082865768516026191011
61513947372641261211289110275485147351014531
2123201611161073942413022222417132812
14142415101112849473520292221134532
778062565442424018420414815611388957061281776
77726357484347351621491381248552563524211362
154152125113102858975346353286280198140151105854930138
11344253342
111131163432111
222322112111
131143111121
5224112611121582212122
5851364218111010332111
17423135315361
2231121323233121
1913181315413114036342722292318104311
261917131281052934392932131164311
273020221717131374885259453030262716752
272618162215161963704746262018141211521
523212117337444321
22321216318351
11332111
11132211
1724121318169134753344223182520164411
1513141997127302131251511161066431
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
47. MenindeeMales91710131696414487766
Females29316141511126109635102
Total1,2102627312018102413141012168
DARLING PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Township and Suburbs of MenindeeMales1202442317134223
Females81755263353114
RuralMales2001321111
Females3512212111
ALBERT PASTORAL DISTRICT—
Village of WilcanniaMales1766485234323221
Females8832644432441
RuralMales4211221122222
Females8955242211121
48. MoamaMales5601813869912101381077
Females341141914189151610871287
Total90132322224182428202115221514
COUNTY CADELL—
Township of MoamaMales1304924515363812
Females15187582711446543
RuralMales43014462487775265
Females190612910785641744
49. MolongMales1,99449465253424850454034392743
Females1,17345544743454533414533343431
Total3,167941009996879383868567736174
COUNTY ASHBURNHAM—
Township of MolongMales1857477367642825
Females1755583864564649
Canowindra Gold FieldMales1413221111
Females382232422211
Cargo Gold FieldMales2904337244655133
Females1069445543442622
RuralMales80721232525252527182316201417
Females506927221716191421191791714
COUNTY GORDON—RuralMales46214101511810710686413
Females273171091091099119875
COUNTY WELLINGTON—RuralMales1093323214423344
Females753616341231431
50. MorpethMales1,66570644465484757583648414045
Females1,62455534147626151405841383230
Total3,28912511785112110108108989489797275
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Municipal Town of MorpethMales59122231724171421181514151314
Females6453014121520281919251615149
RuralMales1795647764103366
Females1405373748233223
COUNTY DURHAM—
Village of HintonMales179712512457568355
Females17018577105366412
Village of LargsMales838314421324321
Females892142346353152
RuralMales63328201718162024221019142019
Females58017271320251513131913161014
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
5695611119691431561078352511913448
55323167233422251225118
10111279121716921771781329554562013466
1311121011191066821
12161144412
11613182946222316133611
1112392221
422213213202718197641
2233367910411
1241445428836457352324126146
111331877921118
107667218397765555634219851112
641024266202323341311103511
1611168114714591008889694531121362112
622314312101376341
2371132510111366421
45464118357453454327156441112
4131413415131221756331
213338302629221812120223216713410681614825191012
28272411232224298988677440302723533213
4960624149514647210290299241174136108845328221225
4774335198941091046572
72328337151271073631111
142212111929172664321
1113251111
141122331232575727249221
11212110851542
7922131212765880705338382634284632
1110113911131435443327111117183112
746798452858583226182316914431
7109355452221121810113221
1533133594711921121
2311131415372111
35394334262224249113010693624860494832181242
4945364728342419116138103727355524545121255
8484798154564843207268209165135103112949344301792
151498865113249424832201817149511
191420221018774655353934241615154522
22433261181479574686221
37142211810866291062
34552437131375165642
3322132114171610538282111
2312112764334312
321211356102131232
131624161391011324738251720291717138911
211912191310137435034152723181613462
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
51. MoulameinMales4135654775345366
Females14434853246610333
Total557810139109991015699
COUNTY WAKOOL—
Village of MoulameinMales55131111121
Females2621111121
RuralMales3414343765333345
Females1133284322559123
COUNTY TOWNSEND—RuralMales171
Females51
52. MudgeeMales7,737189151156182148153165150143127133110113
Females4,164170151158163155146157129141130112104110
Total11,901359302314345303299322279284257245214223
COUNTY WELLINGTON—
Municipal Town of MudgeeMales93041262825272329182426242914
Females85630292530252327222223211424
Merrendee (Village and Gold Field)Males1515321336281514
Females631122451716
Mining Village of HargravesMales1493556346223
Females82342234234435
Part of Cudgegong MunicipalityMales78125242727262018302217201322
Females63519172828241824172419201717
Rural, including Gold FieldsMales1,86735282441323929332824332417
Females78235303232303133352929161719
COUNTY PHILLIP—
Part of Cudgegong MunicipalityMales5349121724111717121113101015
Females39223161118131518916148139
Gulgong Gold FieldMales2,45239302932282838362531251926
Females77634313524322625162418272316
Rural, including Gold FieldsMales87332282427152024191913141115
Females57825232327273021272316161614
53. MurrurundiMales2,43974726253766766535156474242
Females1,70475797163725256586550444128
Total4,143149151133116148119122111116106918370
COUNTY BRISHBANE—
Town of MurrurundiMales1689364948653314
Females1432574515574433
Environs of MurrurundiMales1395574484533223
Females1352464455644631
Suburban Village of Haydon TownMales120646333232635
Females1377465459452171
Environs of Haydon TownMales1111321224321424
Females895533141341122
Village of Blamford and EnvironsMales985321353326322
Females764325421422431
Village of Murulla and EnvironsMales1196245343444462
Females89764264532414
RuralMales4221623121515151110510872
Females3281223913181111101915766
COUNTY BUCKLAND—
Village of WallabadahMales811461542242
Females63534142131
Environs of WallabadahMales1194424464374232
Females715344331412211
RuralMales8601316171423151791714111021
Females46723212020161113161513151010
COUNTY POTTINGER—RuralMales2028542445323322
Females106326276335322
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
653287533157544642361910652
31241211121491259422
965699644371635847452312672
21121124649451
111112122211
45215542275147383231149632
21131119127957212
11122141111
1111
11311880827378851074537779578737234013732191655338121225
10897798167608068283357267248178123112563718955
2212151591631401381651757361,1341,2241,1219015244852752027147171725
1319131310812958857576703929271796224
25271322202016167782634430292513104212
41111492622209522
12212214435411
4522121212713141277103321
11114137831732
17251515816161145535148373632202666313
21181516111015648363542212219128521
20151117151714206914825922423013112283481911322
191914131581517366334474325181363222
1310131161071135434436291129191444133
812465826213324231612194411
282914141913273416834240637827412910841247425
217151111916126275605941171654211
14141110141282072858976493441202454118
13111511231293257402522101265311
453830453334324016226724919514882967255242182
372932262821292312216312110755433838238511
826762716155616328443037030220312513411078322693
32421512118161697732211
43332312811913667421
222213226116151233534
132423531015138321141
3324113112115792811
43322142141076633331
412112291511772813121
232146983333412
113124141445113211
111115746223311
13131317141164211
112268934221
111076784817445040276611452
452425541941261613667111
1122589762232
3411166921221
224312289106535233
11316564223111
18141116914131881112876453403730258103
14611712866384022391313101261
1155114171721201152351224
6121541411874215
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
54. Muswellbrook and MertonMales1,92686626958714667705347394744
Females1,69066566772566653605263544437
Total3,616152118136130127112120130105110939181
COUNTY DURHAM—
Municipal Town of MuswellbrookMales76127292427261525271919202017
Females68430232428272624282424201013
RuralMales3141811131210118131010476
Females28271014109101212716566
COUNTY BRISBANE—
Environs of Town of MuswellbrookMales50253223513
Females36111111222
Village of Denman and EnvironsMales11154425651332
Females126746774324345
Village of Kyuga and EnvironsMales1053252345435263
Females90132456441233
RuralMales38319121381881413106268
Females293151111124132861219133
COUNTY HUNTER—RuralMales20212459988536345
Females179649103676865610
55. NewcastleMales9,845433341375348279304298309273274247212214
Females8,822379371315355306325299322286280263229210
Total18,667812712690703585629597631559554510441424
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Municipal Town of NewcastleMales3,71514812914712911710712011492941047582
Females3,866160148122135118125102117105121999896
ShippingMales4411
Females3
Commonage or Pasturage ReserveMales69537354624212319271732141213
Females62436312633323034293214171510
Municipality of WaratahMales79734333143182421243127261924
Females73326322036243730302819302411
Municipality of WickhamMales22513711118778810472
Females173128710755471446
Wallsend Coal-mining DistrictMales70145282523242422321918181616
Females59220302526242322302121201414
Burwood Coal-mining DistrictMales512271816171216162018816149
Females45816162017141615211815161413
Plattsburgh Coal-mining DistrictMales4652317151514161215201711913
Females41120171423111315161215131511
Borehole Coal-mining DistrictMales455221815151221171715249128
Females399151720141914161311187187
Lambton Coal-mining DistrictMales27515891197146310676
Females2751212514107101414614713
New Lambton Coal-mining DistrictMales24085611763975894
Females1639124749467431
Nimmi Coal-mining DistrictMales1395445346743547
Females1173462237546518
Brookstown Coal-mining DistrictMales12310937358324343
Females11544644101626343
Village of HexhamMales82312236121214
Females61213122232441
Ash IslandMales933354152364313
Females783514134422
Mosquito IslandMales993562315313431
Females88524455123322
RuralMales5692114192216281318131491316
Females4552223181617131913201816811
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
404737422631353110616314411694594732553019715
4337352425332635106156109966045492624942
83847266516461662123192532121541049658793923735
171816191012161640656253411614922113411
181412111118102043664244271718651
3656313514312119211010411611
824445471927171968956211
3211241222112
111144211242
13422169886552441
245232215121046323121
33213331431164431111
14111122476545431
96878994284325191011713156711
999424612221211596611432
4926243412817101011631531
44414223919118746131
18822917716612913011711658780685581258134828518199643218108
21620718917515413812013457672266552836222021186933634754
4044363663412832682372501,1631,5281,5201,34094356849626719210066251512
668469624450424322233329730221013412179362818854
96988910396686872325362256228145979339381819532
214441451185118915223146321
111
1899796117255271654617964211
13967677113050513824962621
152618149894334366674931291133121
18211616886831426550352124662111
5333153113221617749442
5311121382419845521
161812101079644356650462516854112
1213114615642846493430131267411
141679846726344727411517129411
91010107753282737262216125931
131513116557151836473718765211
78111154531826373318118542
108910565920253044212181153
131014376441738202717613443
29463231122328311910542
5293127512222718118311
85463411717251922158331
7531413611614111551
294213844910528241
344236687442413
2231127713943311
2234212691173141
231312112563523311
2221212713452
3112212344523841121
2421137852253112
14324129626712312111
332111393715231122
81411111312993443374124252813105411
14111073843313334231712165811
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
55. Newcastle—continued.
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—
Village of StocktonMales174146134695112462
Females167117137989526612
RuralMales452123212131
Females443212323411321
56. NundleMales1,33540312634323122332121362314
Females73329323933233427252826161423
Total2,06869636567556549584947523737
COUNTY PARRY—
Township of NundleMales71332123111411
Females613216131141211
Peel River Gold FieldsMales5588891010861155464
Females23911713961410910136510
Bowling Alley Point Gold FieldMales10611221211
Females20124111
RuralMales6002820152220191219141527169
Females413142121181616151514128811
57. OrangeMales4,2081631331141411291121021041109611087103
Females3,37816413913014611613911310510890796782
Total7,586327272244287245251215209218186189154185
COUNTY WELLINGTON—
Municipal Town of Orange (part of)Males63724192322231920121816141513
Females589291625222119201414810811
RuralMales82530192627162612292116291822
Females63128262224173318242123131718
COUNTY BATHURST—
Municipal Town of Orange (part of)Males118662424544122
Females1125614354333143
Village of Icely (Copper Mine)Males13712783846344232
Females1258549845452522
RuralMales2,49191825585805959566359634966
Females1,92194867887677866606554503648
58. ParramattaMales6,306188152165159145155161169179186186176160
Females5,245151146147148155181150167152156160144136
Total11,551339298312307300336311336331342346320296
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
St. John's Parish—
Municipal Town of Parramatta (part of)Males1,35546283835263424392535192924
Females1,19234303019282428322227162229
RuralMales55519161915121420132114181715
Females459111413162021161314129137
Field of Mars Parish—
Municipal Town of Parramatta (part of)Males2,07937293342433950464161654852
Females1,47738353942314735444851474543
Rural, Including Protestant Orphan SchoolMales90931313523313624344138404933
Females85026212625263832342832432830
Castle Hill Parish—RuralMales366131361611891313111289
Females3271316159913613797117
Nelson Parish—RuralMales401123131121
Females3733121132221
Liberty Plains Parish—RuralMales2631189756125821244
Females220763911105886672
Prospect Parish—RuralMales420241417137101191813101012
Females40013912201817176181318910
South Colah Parish—RuralMales1703933556579476
Females1555654538544663
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
2132314911131786413112
44123121014161235211
114111363111111
1112143111
221416125158176310216814212897694124167212
1910171112154104442594827162497361
41243323173012271071442271901551139350311913213
3211145102643231
23131163252221
67426721289781826230146641
242833331015231410352321
113131726146842
11112211
1371184978355644332625282113102112
14612389632203130121217543
708073525747604327237638730422015518611781494511910
788379786575665523327520316213985985539167252
148163152130122122126985056515904663592402841721206552131412
610895795416273453425221886312
1115191511161585964402431141552422
17241212958105566624943365134235922
17171314102014113140343227152510103211
13124211129124316212
37244221397631211
32211712715122511
1512122291286422111
44445028413338261582242361831278910758503631768
46463945393333321211501149474535439259321
17115012512497917573309413357362383276282234202163127653916
1201401101081021008611634538432426527121518414899574514127
2912902352321991911611896547976816276544914663823012201727951113
2127202911191915817758657858645162686637261
264731303528193297105755763554635291514471
212124162211532128293023182117155912
1213713654132338372725814181043
5135323231191522971691561531751141201037442281465
343423202020262489110838288827540341817625
372716131413141635433831372930201520744
19222117171418205150543137231621128631
1012982138626241519912161288511
69810611311192321161210131031
21111124121112111
1213123111
98683444101317172217117622
425352421611171515116932
8979463225242926281410181310331
115686125625311925201096562111
745444347116948612432
4545432412796862631
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
58. Parramatta—continued.
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—continued.
North Colah Parish—RuralMales1054241121252443
Females8412323314254
Marramarra Parish—RuralMales2111
Females14121
Berowra Parish—RuralMales91
Females9111111
Cowan Parish—RuralMales141211
Females2131232
59. PatersonMales1,35653405351434544324037474135
Females1,20539353746284833433832412641
Total2,56192759097719377757869886776
COUNTY DURHAM—
Township of PatersonMales1404354636453663
Females1486534654836425
RuralMales1,21649374847374238283534413532
Females1,05733303442224329353526372436
60. Patrick's PlainsMales3,482131111123126116127115118109107999585
Females3,21711611511213110011310911188991068186
Total6,699247226235257216240224229197206205176171
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
Municipal Town of SingletonMales56726161921131319162013191913
Females62020162323112116191416231120
South Singleton (Suburban)Males844236532222111
Females1042693425563541
Village of BrokeMales60353333422232
Females576224112331114
Village of BelfordMales34112321113
Females26121321
RuralMales89928273231323925202731232619
Females79326302326232735282431182116
COUNTY DURHAM—
Village of CamberwellMales304121121
Females3521221112111
Village of DarlingtonMales70422246241122
Females835435123623333
RuralMales1,45554494453494948545148403740
Females1,23245464355484439373132453234
COUNTY HUNTER—
Village of Jerry's PlainsMales841363445631543
Females753223252513435
RuralMales1991061064871128443
Females192775107767310552
61. PenrithMales2,7399882918510110491898677716470
Females2,58279868584868086848193678067
Total5,321177168176169187184177173167170138144137
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
Castlereagh Parish—
Town of PenrithMales415201319111313111316109911
Females421161217111513101511911810
RuralMales4861118212018202019161214916
Females49012191521161417111515151512
Parish Londonderry—
Village of St. Mary'sMales225123444821337723
Females19776574103537254
RuralMales8813232643253
Females8141816114216
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
46434313124544233221
3132235283331812211
11113331212
12211111
11111111
111
14211
114211
30442526282818278290634452445933501623553
22352335302222297681725449266020281312333
5279486158504056158171135981017011953782935886
327212110967959261
352435448910852514311
27421824272618267281573743395031441623453
19302131271718256872624644245519241011323
7767635660564154228233193177143891419796605514146
91946566525659582212632011561149310758432916233
168161128122112112100112449496394333257182248155139897116179
15128712121093631283227162019209926
181212121113101748594435231921147651
2412413586631121
4211132631326311
1311225241111
13111225142111
12212213131
112413211
2218151512127115483484441253525212117544
222510141411151456715732272032131510421
11111113122111
211113313121
222125523315311
3311317453321111
303225282823182710987757352336346412219242
36443133182324157896655943394125169222
231111674232111
211245562151
2152422215131511681044343
4474454615176118453121
9061655744385536147169145144138847580774944131324
6067587138503844168195159130108807960512823971
150128123128828893803153643042742461641541401287767222025
175977595242327232812171010252
1091011121031230442420151013910281
139810861651528331819910161313124421
1115141588592729362519122017584411
75125835418137149767810311
354533512321813991274111
41223134635523721
241222155325224121
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
61. Penrith—continued.
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—continued.
Bringelly Parish—RuralMales328136712141611101315979
Females2839121012109111111137148
Mulgoa Parish—RuralMales2039488598285557
Females21194666951187755
Melville Parish—RuralMales2107585957376435
Females1813584659975663
Rooty Hill Parish—RuralMales22296961185394734
Females187573765134511778
Claremont Parish—RuralMales1141424383616252
Females851121232335351
Cabramatta Parish—RuralMales57213231231232
Females37121112222
COUNTY COOK—
Village of EmuMales59311353331354
Females775511314211
RuralMales332101898131113101084107
Females33271210131310151211155117
62. PictonMales1,18432344744443633333132342531
Females1,02444372841283740363434343031
Total2,20876717585727373696566685562
COUNTY CAMDEN—
Town of Picton—
Upper PictonMales4813223131
Females67122524134323
Lower PictonMales1705566786473423
Females167107767103743674
Village of WiltonMales68443424152312
Females5334135122112
RuralMales71217203124252116191720191722
Females59424191722152023212321181615
COUNTY WESTMORELAND—RuralMales1393447816715612
Females1074424343413534
COUNTY COOK—RuralMales4722211112211
Females3621312211113
63. Port MacquarieMales1,19439283540364033202730231627
Females93740383936262242283031232323
Total2,13179667476626275485761463950
COUNTY MACQUARIE—
Township of Port MacquarieMales37910101213911137611566
Females3121571410118121381081010
Environs of Port MacquarieMales1677444663651414
Females1204735245154532
RuralMales648221419232123177161814917
Females50521242221131025141717101011
64. Port StephensMales1,46547505155374346343741313539
Females1,19459465749365441473333442534
Total2,65910696108104739787817074756073
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—
Township of StroudMales1443855344645144
Females1457578386514621
Village of Bullah DelahMales5152332111413
Females41224124224
RuralMales1,27039404647313741273232292835
Females1,00850394641324431403227382329
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
131171123561621151911951274522
210531425181817139141135321
7436274691556810968122
6848223315161398674531
5391425212261112137582261
513514231017101165644431
5733334418151513131256441
43273531121212995552
743422164358133524
31722214554715211
1111117531231121
3211213412111
11211272111211
3545315814423221
1111874542181418232011910141533
848944117171927161612887312
3038313019272114739262644229512534171883
29132616232018266868545546272817226413
59515746424739401411601161198856794256232296
1411342221312131
231454213133111
43741225791116114743211
411352331011136673251
13111214442122211
2212363112221
1821172012191454957363226213511251196
2191910141671642342939241717894212
5454343271178335811
21331456956111312
131111137241122
1242211131
20271623172118289411592695637493537171694
18202523121513225872594736243423208421
384741462936315015218715111692618358572520115
66576664222925282916211597643
96510424919271612209127311
1613423316211474398322
143431347875564221
1315101371392156655334231819122581031
8101795126932373630119181418522
343931242723362810812610770504151364035724
332624191820212067107546032284226208452
67655543454357481752331611308269936260431176
247154235128766423412
52532538146827521121
121133631211
3111123321
32342223211834251001119360433547343530522
25241815181815175891454928213723197431
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
65. QueanbeyanMales2,556104648485757071707067604558
Females2,11987798782768563765961585253
Total4,67519114317116715115513414612912811897111
COUNTY MURRAY—
Town of QueanbeyanMales3441881311131096136768
Females338146131241271551215610
Environs of QueanbeyanMales5611431234
Females40222113212
Village of BungendoreMales1097454424432132
Females88123233135321
Village of GundarooMales5813223312122
Females5012411212222
RuralMales1,83371485759544553524956473038
Females1,49964646161586647514138344340
COUNTY COWLEY—
RuralMales1446365272632314
Females1045546817345312
COUNTY BUCCLEUGH—
RuralMales12
Females
66. Raymond TerraceMales1,58142525854595147564947494551
Females1,43453414644465349484649393941
Total3,015959310498105104961049596888492
COUNTY GLOUCESTER—
Township of Raymond TerraceMales25861087798101075135
Females2779811979910679107
Village of TomagoMales5113313332211
Females42131322121
RuralMales50714122317202017202015141217
Females4291613161413182012121913712
COUNTY DURHAM—
Village of Seaham and EnvironsMales54131232233311
Females451322311133
RuralMales24688586765486812
Females22465667102949797
COUNTY NORTHUMBERLAND—
RuralMales46512161819201311151312211015
Females417209131216121614221371011
67. RichmondMales1,53553574650534057455344513938
Females1,54860484258436043404051424242
Total3,0831131058810896100100859395938180
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
Ham Common Parish—
Town of RichmondMales5081519172011161517141518918
Females5572123122218221511715121220
RuralMales24776718311377855
Females21977138693657794
COUNTY COOK—
Village of Enfield or Richmond NorthMales1092425763532636
Females12252525938333
Village of ColoMales461132142211
Females422312223221
Kurrajong DistrictMales4422422161122101814191113156
Females42615981512191481812121011
RuralMales16225310246576552
Females1599556354447564
COUNTY HUNTER—
RuralMales2121111111
Females23112121211
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
44555942433938561702071871321128512178584529131019
42683646364036521501761091006974664133133461
861239588797974108320383296232181159187119915832171629
6879653718282323181313710741
719756674262924161511108421
1211225462322211
111121223222211
112115118765101311
13141181256624131
11112141244612311
211111224541122
3542432630292843125145133937554895743332310819
30422734252828381051206569435844302311326
134335339161526368211
12425788322411
1142121
47343228223233159610080656254635335352663
2646394427221531898972786156472827171574
738071724954484618518915214312311011081625241137
9753363281513106171014697
567642271717132019118545521
12132137121211
121364211212
1671289169425262425201321181010922
417161410111818232224171714108442
4211134141111211
1311341214211
47566474181514111071297441
6137624231911118101197323
131178341243933271523151711910531
119614105910263025221312143106331
382935332833282189928776614345484525311651
4650443237263532111134807243573835241810814
847979656559635320022616714810410083836943412465
6141091015872932362419151515189661
14181710971412544427301624111110955
1341096685181711131168952611
396384251324910878231111
131114636923431421
672243429785325121
1114412314312
121211452111
1141061087524242721111012131388621
171214107101092937232071691456422
66461234698788372451
5254823251576673732
1141311
111131111
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
68. Richmond RiverMales2,72783817365725665505149614049
Females1,80173787277806758676444664341
Total4,528156159145142152123123117115931278390
COUNTY ROUS—
Township of CasinoMales14583113681442435
Females1398566464724442
Village of LismoreMales462113211221
Females472141221213112
ShippingMales10611
Females1
RuralMales1,44148544136433344332939372527
Females1,10645483854524540384027452827
COUNTY RICHMOND—RuralMales443171091614111251141176
Females29312131991195121251075
COUNTY DRAKE—RuralMales38581197526443627
Females18259371158895635
COUNTY BULLER—RuralMales16121122222113
Females33122
69. RydeMales1,45645363753414436493732312733
Females1,43050424236314030331936302528
Total2,88695787989728466825668615261
COUNTY CUMBERLAND—
Hunter's Hill Parish, Hunter's Hill MunicipalityMales71316141321111818211112131111
Females712171720141311121451111510
Ryde MunicipalityMales74329222432302618282620181622
Females71833252222182918191425192018
70. RylstoneMales1,25744313937313733363416302223
Females87642323628383431271920271729
Total2,13386637565697164635336573952
COUNTY ROXBURGH—
Township of RylstoneMales12484746462333
Females1156251825435246
Village of IlfordMales513432432212
Females48121432221111
RuralMales6642011161712218191412151111
Females3902215191214131611869813
COUNTY PHILLIP—RuralMales39712121314812161315411117
Females313131311101317810881549
COUNTY HUNTER—RuralMales18
Females91
COUNTY COOK—RuralMales311
Females1
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
42473850373539512063173192551919782502813103715
3936412335253125130158106109584648252062215
8183797372607076336475425364249143130754819125820
41132223915118113521
456241228128683321
2111226361212
314121322221
123171716201582111
1
22272435212519221111501421107750413012127258
29192114171621167994606034303016155111
134871157930665034261513381
3793645420332321857321
103233742145705636141694116
433322217151013655215
14121816182721255562
11112115236112
28242314211018207410811411884827452312419539
232622282822242910414711310878636738271214114
5150454249324249178255227226162145141905836336323
12103352116365875695062452819155216
4168141211131556886963503442201374112
16142011168714385039493420292412914323
19101414161111144859444528292518145102
232918191815211394125128764759583633151142
28221918131820276767502535282111126612
51513737313341401611921781018287794745211754
1223221101711832133111
432333146115723122
11111142431311
22134631212
151311948128508075353238321819882
8128931091029282513171211763112
613491146327243728101820111053
16596557102522175151251513
1322112312
22121
1
1
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
71. SconeMales2,12479657174677068455449363937
Females1,66973667066615153465548463544
Total3,7931521311411401281211219110997827481
COUNTY BRISBANE—
Town of SconeMales30098111058951241045
Females27411614101111108991269
Village of St. Aubin's (Suburban to Scone)Males5432222321121
Females6412122224211
Village of WingenMales675344523221
Females614233331123
RuralMales1,13042273236363438232231171719
Females81739403431282326222623181621
COUNTY DURHAM—
Village of AberdeenMales86555532442113
Females992427544174343
Environs of AberdeenMales91435445133211
Females73334422211223
Denison DiggingsMales813615243312113
Females492412133122
RuralMales315139148111086975125
Females2321151281097796642
72. ShoalhavenMales2,50175939278847677627478736469
Females2,22396738682698779847464776064
Total4,724171166178160153163156146148142150124133
COUNTY ST. VINCENT—
Municipality of Numba or ShoalhavenMales33281210121212988814313
Females314147159881191110141310
Village of HuskissonMales291111212
Females251331111
Village of NowraMales1234334537731245
Females1202422333259375
Village of TerraraMales1193583417652222
Females999134543322421
ShippingMales26
Females1
RuralMales71520302424262323132029152714
Females54821201427151621241510151017
COUNTY CAMDEN—
Municipality of Broughton Creek and BomaderryMales57621222618161411241623161719
Females57821232918213221252322191616
RuralMales5811920201720231942015231114
Females53828182019172319201811211215
73. SofalaMales1,83854444127413133413336223221
Females98327304047314132323131343232
Total2,82181748174727265736467566453
COUNTY ROXBURGH—
Mining Township of SofalaMales370129149777668843
Females27478101071158881179
Gold FieldsMales1,46842352718342426352728142818
Females70920223037243027242323232523
74. TambarooraMales2,17158514642325251333933312829
Females1,09446465747573534423632381827
Total3,2651049710389898785757565694656
COUNTY WELLINGTON—
Mining Township of TambarooraMales25391077557284552
Females15641036637953434
Mining Village of Hill EndMales44811141110711141067866
Females2681751511168711691039
Gold FieldsMales1,47038272825203630212522181721
Females67025313930352420222520241214
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
13 and under 1414 and under 1515 and under 1616 and under 1717 and under 1818 and under 1919 and under 2020 and under 2121 and under 2525 and under 3030 and under 3535 and under 4040 and under 4545 and under 5050 and under 5555 and under 6060 and under 6565 and under 7070 and under 7575 and under 8080 and under 100100 and over.Unspecified.
373533332634273214019819715511866677139351368
32443942184324231201521099957395225171082
69797275447751552603503062541751051199656452188
586634551421282220913138433
6668254418201317129112221
112187322411
11251114657321121
1441067211
212141127363111
22172218171615188211710494494237342218723
14201918724141060785846201830178441
22221123564423511
1523693106112
111510117122311
2211188547311
11212289752132
1221456211111
7635584422262613199101438213
687756431620141167622321
60575255433949321481871361511061139460503522755
606249455051263411315413311983667833331813422
12011910110093907566261341269270189179172938353351177
151398105841525518152414555
111011655361510251715121061421
1126231211
1111222112
454211315311156476111
6535411245810631321
1134233251181084112
2151451510854311
2575412
1
12141422141212653473445272828191571323
101810121388838563330102118997311
13121194910103047293725252113157411
131410108137102130333424182431214111
15121091291393643502519252315915331
18139111618582941242123112298542
3326212221182120711512331891561181176954241161
26261616242213175962436635393914147221
59523738454034371302132762551911571568368311382
974436341638442928222117573
694599482419131211812441111
2419171818121816551131891601289696524917861
20171211151399354330542431271010611
2930251919921271031922692692241461186052188224
1725241617272014649771703822221412531
465549353636414116728934033926216814074642311225
4662323252222262814149441
25442531918941033412
7557411163459395835221638331
67651654202520141035121
1819141012671964111208185161110884840115222
9131471416129355442521816149933
<
CENSUS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, 1871.—AGES.
CENSUS OR REGISTRY DISTRICTS.Sex.Totals.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 33 and under 44 and under 55 and under 66 and under 77 and under 88 and under 99 and under 1010 and under 1111 and under 1212 and under 13
75. TamworthMales4,083104991291171041021138011583836568
Females2,7231161061021058597111848083986979
Total6,806220205231222189199224164195166181134147
COUNTY INGLIS—
North part of Town of TamworthMales5521213161619151215151112116
Females50826151714131417111417201221
RuralMales4011881313101716141010679
Females266101213119101568111067
COUNTY PARRY—
South part of Town of TamworthMales2547119101413157911567
Females19769104374784877
RuralMales445171220141212181218101159
Females3281512161715101510962038
COUNTY BUCKLAND—RuralMales505118191271111619914812
Females31613121216613101399836
COUNTY NANDEWAR—RuralMales2498855825485261
Females1206244453726144
COUNTY DARLING—
Village of BarrabaMales44322331131
Females3311213122122
Wood's Reef Gold FieldMales891221112112
Females394112321222
RuralMales459710181458551191146
Females28217910111012198878106
COUNTY POTTINGER—
Township of GunnedahMales240106914829478244
Females219912558137885895
Village of BoggabriMales57111214131321
Females37121112121
RuralMales788923151416171611117151111
Females378821112114816101015121110
76. TenterfieldMales1,38640434142464937402332332522
Females96352293640344529353236253223
Total2,34992727782809466755568585745
COUNTY CLIVE—
Township of TenterfieldMales4762119182421201919121316911
Females43528131819112114131618131511
RuralMales514121516131615101351012126
Females3201513814151211121087106
COUNTY ARRAWATTA—RuralMales262112111
Females222113121
COUNTY GOUGH—RuralMales69111453131332
Females48311141112121
COUNTY DRAKE—RuralMales901122122
Females1511121111
COUNTY BULLER—RuralMales21146546463613
Females1233284482636264
77. TumutMales1,96361615555555853564250424341
Females1,35857565565475052524644324637
Total3,3211181171101201021081051088894748978
COUNTY WYNYARD—
Township of TumutMales3007998812597117126
Females2551110912997